Laws, Policies and Strategies

Strategies and Policies

State Program for Action on Climate Change - The State Climate Change Program was established in 2015 through Decree 25419. The program aims to adress the adverse effects of climate change that are currently occurring and prepare for future impacts, identify the studies needed to define mitigation goals and the needs of the State to build and foster adaptation and mitigation capacities, move towards a sustainable, competitive economy with low greenhouse gas emissions, and be an instrument to safeguard the health and safety of the population, the territory, productive activities and ecosystems.

FCPF Carbon Fund Investment Program - Through the Emissions Reduction Initiative (IRE) of Mexico implemented under the framework of the Alliance for Forest Carbon, Jalisco has developed four investment programs to reduce deforestation.

State Development Plan (PED 2013-2033) - This plan seeks to take advantage of, conserve and protect biodiversity and ecosystems through the use of its natural resources as well as reverse degradation, deforestation and loss of ecosystems and biodiversity and mitigating the effects of climate change.

Sectoral Environmental Program - this program has an objective to reverse the degradation of ecosystems and the loss of biodiversity, and it also aims to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions.

Sectorial Program for Sustainable Rural Development - Increase the level of income of rural producers, improve the levels of productivity of the agricultural sector and increase the commercialization of goods and services of the agricultural sector.

Special Transversal Program for Environmental Governance - Increase intergovernmental participation in the environment and improve the institutional framework for environmental governance.

REDD + State Strategy (EEREDD +) - Jalisco is in the process of finalizing its REDD + State Strategy in 2018, which is coordinated by the Working Group to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (GT REDD +). It seeks to guarantee transparency and maximize environmental and social benefits.

Laws and Regulations

Decree no. 13596 06/06/1989 General Law of Ecological Equilibrium and Environmental Protection - Its purpose is to regulate the preservation and restoration of the ecological balance, as well as the protection of the environment and cultural heritage, within the competence of the state and federal governments and municipalities, in order to improve the environmental quality and the quality of life of the inhabitants and establish the sustainable use of natural resources.

Decree no. 21657 12/21/2006 Sustainable Rural Development Law - Provides guidelines for the planning, implementation and evaluation of sustainable rural development projects with a focus on agricultural and economic support measures for agriculture and training for farmers.

Decree no. 25419 8/27/2015 State Climate Action Law - Defines the strategy of addressing climate change in Jalisco and refers to actions to reduce deforestation and forest degradation in collaboration with the national government, improve the capacity and systems of data related to deforestation and identify priority areas for restoration.

Decree no. 205333 8/20/2004 Sustainable Forestry Development Law - Promotes the conservation, protection, restoration, production, cultivation, management and use of forest ecosystems in the State of Jalisco.

Decree no. 18674 12/19/2000 Planning Law for the State of Jalisco and its Municipalities - Establishes the norms for the planning of the activities of the state and municipal public administration to contribute in the integral and sustainable development, by promoting the participation of the society in the elaboration of plans and programs, as well as establishing the methodological elements to evaluate the performance of the state public policy.

Decree no. 24450 08/08/2013 Law on Transparency and Access to Public Information of the State of Jalisco and its municipalities - Makes transparent the exercise of public function, accountability and the decision-making process, and guarantees the right to access to information and protection of personal data.

Decree no. 25519 08/20/2015 Law on Beekeeping Promotion and Protection of Pollinating Agents of the State of Jalisco - Establishes the rules for the use and exploitation of honey bees for the benefit of state beekeepers. In addition, it declares beekeeping as a public interest and priority activity for the benefits it gives to the conservation of biodiversity and environmental services through the pollination of both natural vegetation and cultivated plants.

Decree no. 21746 11/01/2007 Law of the Rights and Development of Indigenous Peoples and Communities of the State of Jalisco - Recognizes, preserves and defends the rights of indigenous peoples and communities originating in the State of Jalisco and the people who make them up . It establishes the obligations of the state and municipal public administration to raise the standard of living of indigenous peoples and communities, by promoting their development through programs and specific items in the budgets of respective expenditures.

Decree no. 25654 12/17/2015 State Law to Promote Equality, Prevent and Eliminate Discrimination in the State of Jalisco - Promotes and guarantees equal treatment and opportunities, and establishes the principles and criteria that guide public policies to promote equality and the freedom of people.

Decree no. 23078 05/08/2010 State Law for Equality between Women and Men - Enforces the right to equal treatment and opportunities between women and men, regardless of their generational group and marital status, by eliminating any form of discrimination towards women, whatever their circumstance or condition in any of the areas of life, in both urban and rural areas. On the other hand, it establishes the obligation to promote women's access to property or land tenure and agricultural credit, technical assistance, training and agricultural technology, for their proper exploitation.

Institutional Framework

Ministry of Environment and Territorial Development (SEMADET) - Designs policies, strategies, measures and actions to address climate change in the state.

Directorate of Public Policy and Environmental Governance of SEMADET - Coordinates the implementation of the strategy and REDD + through its REDD + Working Group, and the Inter-institutional Commission for Action on Climate Change in the State of Jalisco.

Rural Development Secretariat (SEDER) - Designs programs and policies related to agricultural development

REDD + Working Group (GT REDD +) - Design, implement and evaluate the Public Policy on REDD + in Jalisco.

Zoning and Spatial Planning
Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities

The EEREDD + Jalisco includes in its principles processes of consultation and implementation in local communities, with indigenous people, women and young people considering the egalitarian opinion of these sectors. Proof of this is the REDD + Technical Consultative Committee of Jalisco made up of 39 actors, with more than 50% of local actors that, having an inclusive approach, considers the participation of representatives of indigenous communities and women involved in conservation actions and sustainable management of State forest resources. In addition, Jalisco promotes the development and implementation of the Medium-Term Comprehensive Development Program (P-predial) as an instrument for planning the agricultural and forestry activities of timber and non-timber forest of men, women, young people and residents involved in integrated management and sustainable territory at the local level. Lastly, mention should be made of the recent collaboration between the State Government and the Rainforest Alliance Mexico-Alliance for Forests A.C. in charge of the Dedicated Mechanism for Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Mexico (MDE) financed by the Forest Investment Fund (FIP).

The State of Jalisco is part of the Emissions Reduction Initiative (IRE) whose main component is the Investment Programs. These programs are constructed through a participatory and inclusive process, and seek to meet local needs and conditions, based on planning instruments at the local level. In this context, during the process of preparing the Investment Programs in the area of intervention of the IRE, corresponding to the Intermunicipal Boards of the coastal basins of Jalisco, local communities participated through 17 workshops and 4 forums, where 320 participants were registered, of which 64 were women.

Finally, the jurisdiction collaborated in the development of capacities and proposals to integrate local communities (CL) and indigenous peoples (IP) to MRV through community monitoring of their forest resources in compliance with the social safeguards for the inclusion of these communities in a context of landscape sustainability.