Laws, Policies and Strategies

Strategies and Policies

Amazonas Regional Climate Change Strategy (2017): Includes climate vulnerability, identifies sources of greenhouse gas emissions and proposes governance needed to carry out the strategy and corresponding Implementation Plan. Strategy is aligned with Peru National Climate Change Strategy and Ministry of Environment.

Regional Plan of Environmental Action 2014-2021- The plan is an instrument of long-term regional environmental planning, formulated from the regional environmental diagnosis and based on the axes of the National Environmental Policy: Conservation and sustainable use of resources and biological diversity, integral management of environmental quality, environmental governance and international environmental commitments and opportunities. Contains the strategic axes, objectives, indicators, actions, baseline of 2012, goals to 2017 and 2021, as well as the scope and responsible institutions. Each of these goals can be achieved through strategic actions and activities that will be carried out by the responsible entities and the society as a whole in the Regional and Local Government, which will be evaluated through environmental indicators, under the supervision of the Regional Environmental Authority.

Regional Environmental Policy - This policy is an instrument of environmental management, prepared taking into account the analysis of the environmental situation of the Amazon region. It constitutes the basis for the conservation of the environment, in such a way as to promote and ensure the sustainable and responsible use of natural resources and the environment that sustains them, to contribute to the integral, social, economic and cultural development of people.

Strategic Plan for Concerted Development- This document includes an analysis of the region including its territory, the population, and the environmental and productive sectors.This document establishes the current situation and projects strategic objectives according to the 5 axes of the region that include the rights of people, access to services, environment and disaster risk, economy and employment, institutionality and governance.In addition, a 2021 target for the area of preserved forests of 2,842,100 hectares is established in the environmental component. In terms of GHG mitigation and climate change planning, there are 5 indicators that include the implementation of local governments in solid waste management, the implementation of wastewater management, the reduction of deforested area, the increase in works with a focus on reducing environmental impact and reducing vulnerability to disasters.

Laws and Regulations

Ordinance No. 00397/2017 - Approves the Regional Environmental Agenda for the period 2017-2018, with a focus on three topics: policy, conservation and sustainable use of natural resources and biodiversity, and integrated management and environmental governance.

Ordinance No.394-2017 - Declares the development and application of the Zoning and Forest Management process of regional interest, and forms the Technical Team to facilitate the development of Forest Zoning.

Ordinance No. 00366/2015- Ordinance updating the regional system of environmental management in the region of Amazonas

Ordinance No. 00366/2015 - Ordinance to update the regional environmental management system in the Amazon region

Ordinance No.365-2015 - Ordinance approving the Regional Environmental Agenda 2015-2016.This environmental agenda is aimed at the management and conservation of natural resources with a sustainable approach and adaptation to climate change.

Regulation of Organization and Functions - Regional Environment Authority 2015 - Defines the structure and responsibility of the Regional Environment Authority. It highlights the authority of the ARA in the implementation of policies, strategies, programs and plans in the field of territorial planning, sustainable management of natural resources, conservation of biodiversity and protection of the public environment.

Ordinance No. 00364/2014- Ordinance approving the regional plan of environmental action 2014-2020

Regional Ordinance 362/2014 - Institutionalizes the Community Platform for Forest Management of the Amazon Region (PMFC) as a space for dialogue, consensus and permanent promotion of the sustainable management of forests on the lands of native communities in the region.

Regional Ordinance No. 354/2014 - Ordinance approving the Regional Environmental Diagnosis 2012-2021 and the Amazonas Regional Environmental Policy

Ordinance No. 00327/2013- Ordinance formalizing the creation of regional environmental authority (ARA) and promulgating the regulation of the organization and its functions.

Ministerial Resolution 0696/2010 - Transfers forest management functions for the regional government of Amazonas.

Ordinance 223/2008 - Regional Strategy for Climate Change -The Amazon Climate Change Strategy highlights the need to control migratory agriculture and unplanned settlements and to develop and support institutions to control deforestation.

Ordinance No. 00023/2007 - Creates the Regional Environmental Information System – SIAR – of Amazonas, as the environmental management instrument, aimed at concentrating the environmental information of the Amazon Region

Institutional Framework

Regional Environmental Authority- In 2013, Regional Ordinance 327-2013- GRA / CR approves the creation of the Amazon Regional Environmental Authority "on environmental matters, territorial planning and sustainable management of natural resources" with its line organizers such as: The Executive Directorate of Natural Resources, the Executive Directorate of Environmental Management and the Executive Directorate of Forest and Wildlife Management . In addition, it approves and incorporates Administrative documents of the Regional Environmental Authority: the Organization and Functions Regulation and the Staff Assignment. As a complementary provision, the Ordinance also details that the composition of the Authority Regional Environmental comes from the merger of the Sub Management of Natural Resources and the Environment and the Forestry Directorate and of Wildlife.

Regional Agrarian Directorate -The Regional Agrarian Directorate through Management Regional Economic Development has a fundamental role in promoting agriculture not linked to deforestation expressed in its institutional mission: "promote development of agricultural producers organized in value chains or productive chains and contribute to improving the conditions of life of our rural inhabitants through activities of promotion, training and dissemination of statistical information agrarian and achieve sustainable agriculture both economically, social and environmental".

Zoning and Spatial Planning

In 2010, the Economic Ecological Zoning of Amazon approved with the Regional Ordinance 200-2007-GRACR at a macrozoning level. This document analyzes the biophysical features of the Region, the current socioeconomic status, the potential and limitations of the territory and its natural resources, the zoning of the region and the recommendations for the formulation of policies and planning plans territorial in the region. The Amazon ZEE declares that 65.56 percent of the territory are protection and conservation zones ecological while 16.19 percent are productive zones. The study was developed at the level of macrozoning, using a work scale of 1: 250,000 and a publication scale of 1: 500,000.

Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities [1]

According to the Instituto de Bien Comun (2016), Amazonas has 54 farming communities, of which 2 are located in Bagua, 11 in Bongará, 23 in Chachapoyas, 17 in Luya and 1 in Utcubamba , of which 52 are recognized and titled remaining pending 1 in Utcubamba and 1 in Bongará . On the other hand, according to the Ministry of Culture (2012) there are 14,678 km2 associated with indigenous communities, representing 37.4% of the Amazonas territory and of which 171 native communities are titled.

For its part, the Regional Government has in its organization the Sub-office of Native and Peasant Communities under the structure of the Economic Development Management, whose purpose is to organize meetings and committees with district governments and representatives of local communities; as well as, the presentation of the regional proposal on the territories of these communities for their subsequent participatory implementation.