Laws, Policies and Strategies

Strategies and Policies

Regional Integrated Development Plan 2021 - The Regional Integrated Development Plan “Loreto al 2021" is key tool for the present and future of Loreto to reach the goals of ‘Loreto 2021’, in a leading, orderly and competitive Amazon region, sustained in an economy with sustained green growth on the basis of a Territorial Ordinance, ecotourism, forestry, water resources and diversified production, conserving ecosystems, making sustainable use of their natural resources and with a border infrastructure of internal connectivity and clean energy.

Regional Climate Change Strategy (ERCC) – The regional government has completed the Climate Change Strategy in 2011 through Regional Ordinance No. 009-2011. Loreto is in the process of revising it regional climate change strategy through a technical group established in 2017.The technical group brings together civil society and regional and national government authorities.

Biological Diversity Strategy (ERDB) - In February 2017 (Regional Ordinance No. 001-2018-GRL-CR) a regional technical group was created to update the ERDB and prepare the Action Plan 2018-2022, this document is pending review by the Ministry of the Environment.

Agricultural, Aquaculture and Fishing Productive Economic Development Plan of the Loreto Region 2013 - 2018 - "Productive Consolidation Plan" (approved by Regional Ordinance 002-2013-GRL / CR).This plan seeks to promote the productive development of the region by prioritizing diversified value chains that consider the potential of the territory.

Laws and Regulations

Regional Ordinance N ° 001-2018-GRL-CR - Establishes a regional technical group to update the Regional Biodiversity Strategy and prepare the Action Plan 2018-2022.

Regional Ordinance 028/2017- Enacted in December 2017, this ordinance updates the Regional System of Environmental Management. This revises the Regional Environmental Commission, ratifies existing technical groups, and updates the Regional Environmental Action Plan and the 2004-2006 Regional Environmental Agenda.

Regional Ordinance 25/2017 - Establishes the "Technical Group of the Regional System of Environmental Management of Loreto" which is in charge of updating the proposal of the Regional System of Environmental Management of Loreto, through a regional participatory process.

Regional Ordinance 24/2017 – Established the "LORETO CLIMATE CHANGE TECHNICAL GROUP"; the same one that will be in charge of Updating the proposal of the Regional Climate Change Strategy and its Plan of Action, through a Regional Participatory Process.The group consists of 15 insitutions including regional and national government insitutions and civil society organizations.

Executive Resolution 12/2017 - Designates members of the Technical Team for the Forest Zoning process of the Loreto department, which was formalized Regional Ordinance 21/2016

Regional Ordinance 018/2017 - seeks to implement a Regional Energy Policy that focuses on renewable energies and the promotion of rural electrification.

Executive Resolution 12/2017- Appoints the members of the Technical Team for the Forest Zoning process of the department of Loreto, which was formalized as Regional Ordinance 21/2016

Regional Ordinance 5/2017 – Establishes the organizations participating in the Technical Committee for Forestry Zoning of the Loreto Department, including 16 national, municipal, and regional institutions.

Regional Ordinance 3/2017 - Promotes and recognizes indigenous environmental monitoring and vigilence in the Loreto Region, carried out by natural or legal persons belonging to peasant, native and/or indigenous or native communities.

Regional Ordinance N °025- 2016-CR / GRL- Establishes the Priority Sites for the Conservation of Biological Diversity with an extension of 10.1 million hectares and which comprises 27.5 percent of the regional territory.

Regional Ordinance 12/2015 – Establishes the Regional Environment Authority of Loreto (ARA LORETO), as a line organ, dependent on the General Management of the Regional Government of Loreto.

Regional Ordinance 005-2013-GRL / CR - Approves the official study called "Identification and Delimitation of Priority Basin Heads of the Department of Loreto" where 111 priority watersheds are identified and measures are issued for their adequate protection.

Regional Ordinance 11/2012 - Creates the regional technical group for adaptation and mitigation to climate change in Loreto; It will be in charge of preparing a proposal for a regional strategy for adaptation and mitigation of climate change and its action plan by 2021, through a regional participatory process.

Regional Ordinance 9/2011 - Approves the Loreto Regional Climate Chnage Strategy (ERCC)

Institutional Framework

Regional Management of Economic Development- Responsible for formulating, directing, coordinating, executing, supervising and evaluating policies to promote the productive sectors throughout the region.The Regional Directorate of Economic Development oversees the following units: Deputy Manager of Investment Promotion;Deputy Manager of Commercial Promotion;Regional Directorate of Agriculture;Regional Directorate of Energy and Mines;Regional Directorate of Production;Regional Directorate of Foreign Trade, Tourism and Handicrafts.The issue of land titling of native communities is under the responsibility of the Regional Directorate of Agriculture, who executes these activities through the Direction of Legal Physical Sanitation of the Agrarian Property (DISAFILPA)

Regional Directorate of Production-Loreto (DIREPRO)- The Regional Directorate of Production of Loreto is responsible for formulating, approving and supervising activities of extraction and cultivation of hydro and biological resources in inland waters, as well as productive activities, processing and manufacturing industries, both for external and internal consumption.The directorate is responsible for matters related to the promotion and development of cooperatives, micro and small businesses.

Regional Environmental Authority (ARA Loreto)- In charge of defining policies, organizing, directing, controlling, regulating and exercising functions in environmental matters, management and conservation of natural resources, promotion of environmental services and sustainable management of flora and fauna, with a territorial and ecosystem approach, within the scope of the Department of Loreto.

Regional Development Fund (FONDELOR)-Responsible for administrating the resources from the oil canon to grant promotional credits to farmers, livestock and fisheries.It depends on the Regional General Management.

Zoning and Spatial Planning

The Regional Plan for Concerted Development Loreto - 2021 considers territorial zoning as part of Strategic Objective 5, to "Improve the infrastructure for regional competitiveness." In it, the goal is to complete the ZEE in all of Loreto's 8 provinces.The ZEE for Alto Amazonas is currently approved by Municipal Ordinance No. 018-2015-MPAA, which comprises 5 percent of the territory of Loreto.

According to a study of capacity for greater use dating from the year 2000 (cited in the Regional Government of Loreto, 2005),64.84 percent of the classification of vegetation in Loreto corresponds to areas of land suitable for forest production. 16.68 percent corresponds to bodies of water and the 12.28 percent correspond to land associations suitable for forest production and protection.

Engagement and Participation with Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities

One of the main desires of indigenous peoples is the titling of their ancestral lands. With the process of decentralization at the regional level, land titling is a function of the Regional Government. In Loreto, who exercises those powers is the Regional Agrarian Directorate through its Directorate of Legal Physical Sanitation of Agrarian Property (DISAFILPA).

By 2017, 6,484,632 million hectares have been titled in 707 indigenous communities, which represents 59% of the 1,200 communities settled in the department.

Loreto also carries out efforts to promote local conservation in regional conservation areas by formalizing rights to access natural resources and strengthening conservation, advancing co-management strategies, and strengthening the system of community monitoring and vigilance.