Government of West Kalimantan is working with The Asia Foundation to implement SETAPAK 2 Program which supported by the British Government on Climate Change Unit ( UKCCU ) is working with . The program aims to improve forest and land governance in Indonesia, with a focus on increasing transparency and accountability and strengthening rule of law in all decisions around forest and land use, by supporting Indonesia’s vibrant civil society movements and media to play a stronger role in forest and land governance. Approaches include supporting external oversight of government performance and law enforcement; field monitoring of land use infractions and forestry crimes, and reporting of illegalities. In addition, gender mainstreaming, raising public awareness, and assisting citizens to form constituencies and express their needs and preferences with regard to environmental policies.
- The Asia Foundation
Belantara Landscape Initiative is a program funded by Belantara Foundation since 2014 with the goal of delivering wide-ranging community and conservation results for area outside their main funder concession, APP. To implement this program, Belantara Foundation funds local projects in areas that are set aside for conservation, reforestation and sustainable community development. This project primary focus is to allocate grants to support restoration, protection, conservation of endangered species (specifically Sumatran Tiger, Sumatran Elephant, as well as Sumatran and Bornean Orangutan), institutional development, and community development and empowerment initiatives in conservation areas, production forests, protection forests, and social forestry in the ten specified grant distribution areas across five provinces on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo).
- Belantara Foundation is partnering with local NGOs for the conservation projects
The BFCP is a focused effort to develop these sorts of solutions in Berau District, one of the high-forest districts, in East Kalimantan. Around 75% of the total land area of 2.2 million hectares are still forested. Even though the non-forests area and convertible production forest area is less than 30% of total land area in Berau District, the economy of this district is reliant on extractive industry which become a threat to natural resources sustainability.
The BFCP developed a number of promising approaches in the demonstration phase (2011-2015). The BFCP Steering Committee decided on 29 May 2017 to bring the program into “full implementation.” Many of the promising approaches, such as the strengthening of village development plans and programs, FMU capacity building, etc., will be scaled up during the implementation phase. A revised Strategic Plan of BFCP has been developed to achieve green development vision at district level with the support from the provincial government.
The Berau Forest Carbon Program (BFCP) Steering Committee has decided the program entering “full implementation” stage by 2017.
Spatial planning has been used as a basis for land-based licensing.
Strategic environmental assessment (KLHS) was developed through participatory processes and become a model on KLHS development. The facilitation was supported by The Nature Conservancy, DANIDA, and Sawit Watch. The KLHS has also become the basis for mid-term development planning and spatial planning.
- Berau District
The project supports the sustainable management of the Gunung Leuser ecosystem on Sumatra. The primary aim of the project is to balance the needs for conserving biodiversity with those of the population. The project provides infrastructure to the protected areas’ administrative bodies and advises them on setting up new structures and improving existing ones. New GIS systems boost the planning and monitoring ability of the regional planning authorities. The project works together with the municipalities to develop land-use plans in order to improve the living conditions of the local population and avoid conflicts. Borders are being defined between areas to be used by the population and protected ones. Measures involving agroforestry and communal forests create additional income for the population and reduce the pressure on land in the national park. Furthermore, the project addresses the conflicts between people and wild animals (e.g. elephants and tigers), with grant amount € 8,499,414.
- KfW Entwicklungsbank
DGMI is part of Forest Investment Project (FIP) that aims to increase indigenous/local people participation on REDD+ project and livelihood resources. The development objective of this project is to improve the capacity of participating indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLCs) to engage in tenure security processes and livelihood opportunities from sustainable management of forests and land. There are three components in this project. 1) The first component, Subgrants to Strengthen IPLC Capacity to Enhance Tenure Security and Improve Livelihoods will, through the provision of subgrants, build the capacity of IPLCs to pursue (a) clarity and security over their rights to land (including forestland) in rural areas and (b) improved livelihoods. This component will result in mechanisms, skills, and outputs that will assist the participating IPLCs to advance efforts to strengthen tenure and improve their well-being. It will help the participating IPLCs to fulfill (to the extent possible) government requirements for greater land tenure security and access to services that improve livelihoods. 2) The second component, Inform Policy Processes and Dialogues will focus on strengthening how IPLC representatives engage in national and subnational policy and decision-making processes that will inform issues regarding REDD+, addressing drivers of deforestation, landscape management, and IPLC livelihoods. 3) The third component, Project Management, Monitoring and Evaluation, and Institutional Development will finance management and supervision of the project. This project has started since March 2017 and expected to close in June 30, 2011.
- DGMI is implemented by The Samdhana Institute as National Executing Agency (NEA). In West Kalimantan, DGMI is working with LBBT consortium with several NGOs involved.
National Government, West Kalimantan Province and district/city Government to develop and implement green growth strategies, allowing for forests to be set aside for conservation while enabling a legal framework and law enforcement. The project are currently at the last stage of finalizing the provincial green growth plan.
- The Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH)
Currently, West Papua aims to build on Constitutional Court Decision No. 35/PUU-X/2012 that recognized the land rights of indigenous people in state forest areas. A draft Special Autonomy Law on the acknowledgement and protection the indigenous people rights on land has been drafted. The draft is currently under discussion in the provincial parliament. This regulation is fundamental for the recognition of indigenous land claims and should be signed into law before any large-scale land use activities, such as plantation estates or conservation activities, should be allowed in West Papua. No financial support is provided to the provincial government on the issue, except sporadic support provided by donors for civil society supporting the process.
- Provincial Government, Indigenous People Council, Civil Society Organizations
Mahakam Delta is an important landscape encompassing 150.000 hectares area ideal for mangrove ecosystem. The area is important for providing ecosystem services, e.g. as a carbon stock, important habitat for threatened biodiversity, and ensuring the productivity fishery sector. Managing the Mahakam Delta area is complex as it has different land use designation. The forest area is managed by Forest Management Unit (FMU) of Delta Mahakam under the authority of provincial government.
High rate conversion of mangroves into aquaculture ponds has led to degradation in many parts. The condition urgently requires rehabilitation and restoration efforts, and stronger cooperation among key stakeholders. FMU of Delta Mahakam has engage the stakeholders in formulation and agreement of short-term action plan. Various coordination and activities has been developed among the stakeholders.
As a part of the Green Growth Compact, a multi-stakeholder agreement on the management of Mahakam Delta has been signed.
Mangrove Center now being used as a resort office of the FMU facilitating control and prevent encroachment to the areas.
A pilot program on sustainable aquaculture pond is being developed by local governmental agency, including the environmental agency and the ocean and fisheries.
- Forestry Agency of East Kalimantan Province; Forest Management Unit (FMU) of Delta Mahakam; Fisheries and Maritime Agency of East Kalimantan Province; PT. TOTAL EP; PT. Pertamina EP Asset 5 Sangasanga Field; PT. Vico; Planet Urgence; Mangrove Lestari Delta Mahakam Foundation
Climate villages initiative originated among others from the national program of Program Kampung Iklim (ProKlim) as a national level initiative to engage local communities in active participation and in developing local action in relation to climate change. While the national program is focused on the adaptation sector, in East Kalimantan, the climate villages are assisted to engage with climate change mitigation as well. In line with other initiatives under the green growth compact, the climate villages are developed by public-private-people partnership.
The District Environmental Agency’s Head in East Kalimantan province founded Sendawar Declaration in Kutai Barat, as a part of the Green Growth Compact. The declaration is made in East Kalimantan Regional Environmental Coordination Meeting, April 2018, in targeting the establishment of at least 200 climate villages in East Kalimantan by 2030.
Indicative map of potential villages for climate villages development has been made available using the criteria from carbon stock analysis, biodiversity value, and social forestry development. To date, up to 200 priority villages has been identified.
Climate Villages information dissemination in August and November 2018 to engage with local government agencies and private sectors to support the climate villages prototype initiative
The Governor instructed the districts and municipalities to support and participate in Climate Village Program development as stipulated under East Kalimantan Governor Decree Number 660.1/3996/EK.
- Mayor of Samarinda Municipality; District Environmental Agencies of Berau, Kutai Barat, Kutai Kartanegara, Kutai Timur, Mahakam Ulu, Paser; Municipality Environmental Agency of Balikpapan, Bontang, Samarinda; East Kalimantan Provincial Environmental Agency; TNC; WWF.
Technical training on the monitoring Forest to FMU (Forest Management Unit)
Samdhana runs a leadership program aimed at helping NGOs, certain agencies and civil society leaders to reflect on their experiences and strengthen leadership skills.Samdhana assists in leadership training and is often a long-term mentor to local leaders poured into specific activities:
- Training on GIS-based maps (Geography Information System)
- Information management training (Web Making KPHL),
- Orientation training on participatory mapping of indigenous territoriesworkshop on REDD + environmental issues
- Samdhana Insitute
- Biak Noemfor
- Conservation FMU
Availability of Electricity of 6,080 MW for environmentally friendly North Kalimantan c and East Kalimantan communities.
- PT. Kayan Hydro Energi asal China Kayan Hydro Energy from China
Land based SOP conflicts passed into Regional Regulations or Governor Regulations.
The Partnership is involved in furtherance of a policy in the form of Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) regarding the handling and resolution of conflicts tenure at the plantation in response to the Sustainable Plantation Regional Regulation and Governor Regulation No.42 year 2014 on the Handling and Settlement of Plantation Conflict in Central Kalimantan Province.Based on the SOP, a flowchart of conflict handling and conflict resolution and the flowchart of tenurial conflict handling and resolution mechanisms in oil palm plantations in Central Kalimantan was established.The flow chart has been clearly defined in the process of handling and resolving conflicts, starting with the occurrence of conflicts by individuals, communities or agencies, followed by data collection and social mapping and conflict analysis to identify the feasibility of the complaint.If the results of the data screening and conflict analysis indicate that the complaint is not feasible to be followed up, then the file will be returned to the complainant for correction or completion.However, if the complaint is declared feasible to be followed up, a problem solving recommendation may be made, which may be law enforcement, mediation, negotiation and policy recommendations.This policy recommendation can be a partnership, compensation, enclave and revision of boundary or spatial planning.
The Kaltim Hijau or Green Kaltim is the provincial government commitment in sustainable development by pursuing economic growth and reducing the greenhouse gas emissions. The commitment for accelerating the green growth for harmonizing economic development and environmental protection is inaugurated by the signing of Green Growth Compact (GGC) by stakeholders from the government, private sectors, CSOs, and communities. The GGC is made operational by forming “prototype initiatives” in the form of multi-stakeholder public-private-people partnership that further test and scale-up the approaches supporting achievement of Green Kaltim goal.
The East Kalimantan Green Growth Compact has been socialized at different levels: the province (Samarinda, May 2016), national (Jakarta, May 2016), and international level (Oslo, June 2016). Provincial Climate Change Council, as the focal point of the GGC, has also visited several districts in East Kalimantan to socialize GGC further.
Nine prototype initiatives are currently agreed and implemented.
As September 2018, a total of 151 stakeholders have been engaged in the development and implementation of East Kalimantan Green Growth Compact.
A multi-stakeholder Design Team has been established and met regularly.
Regular talk shows at a regular national radio have been held on regular basis to inform general public about Green Kaltim and GGC.
A registry on the prototype initiative and its dashboard for sharing the progress of the initiative is currently in development.
- Ministry of Environment and Forestry, East Kalimantan Province, Provincial Climate Change Council (DDPI), Districts in East Kalimantan, GGGI, TNC, WWF, GIZ
Ecosystem Restoration (ER) program was initiated by PT. Rimba Raya Conservation (RRC) in 2007. The objective of the program is to create activities related with the Climate Change prevention, biodiversity and rural community development. ER socialization program has been implemented respectively by PT RRC and PT RRC's partner, World Education (WE), and also performed collaboratively by PT RRC and WE.
- PT. Rimba Raya Conservation; World Education (WE)
Production FMU- Customary Forest Community model is the Production FMU that cooperates with indigenous peoples to operate the FMU Function. The model will be conducted in the Manokwari district and it aims to fulfill the needs of local wood in Manokwari city and nearby areas as well as improving the welfare of indigenous people who have customary rights in the Production FMU region.
In 2015 Unliver announced it would take a jurisdictional approach to sourcing commodities from regions with strong climate and forest policies.As part of the initiative Unilever signed a three-year Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the provincial government of Central Kalimantan, the district government of Kotawaringin Barat and Yayasan Penelitian Inovasi Bumi (INOBU) to support a jurisdictional approach for sourcing sustainable palm oil at village level.The partnership aims to map palm oil smallholders and boost smallholder certifications and conduct a baseline assessment of existing smallholder organizations.The partners are now discussing an investment of USD 1 million to support these efforts.
FORCLIME’s overall objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forest sector while improving the livelihoods of Indonesia's poor rural communities. To achieve this goal, the programme team assisted the Indonesian government to design and implement legal, policy and institutional reforms for the conservation and sustainable management of forests, at local, provincial and national level. Support to REDD+ demonstration activities is a key feature of the programme, providing decision-makers with experience of how REDD+ can be implemented "on the ground”. This project launched in 2009 and will end in 2020. The government of Germany commissioned KfW for financial and GIZ for technical support of FORCLIME. REDD demonstration activities financed by KfW are – together with other initiatives (i.e. AusAID; TNC; WWF). While GIZ works with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry on national policy and sector strategies, including provincial and district governments.
- GIZ FORCLIME, National, Provincial, and Districts Governments
The programme's overall objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the forest sector while improving the livelihoods of Indonesia's poor rural communities. To achieve this goal, the programme team will assist the Indonesian government to design and implement legal, policy and institutional reforms for the conservation and sustainable management of forests, at local, provincial and national level. Support to REDD+ demonstration activities is a key feature of the programme, providing decision-makers with experience of how REDD+ can be implemented "on the ground"
Advice on strategy development for REDD+ and forest development at national, provincial and district levels
Technical advice on a framework for the implementation of REDD+ demonstration activities at various levels, including participatory land use planning and forest zoning
Innovative design of mechanisms and regulations for district-based REDD+ initiatives
Facilitation of monitoring, reporting and verification
Support to forestry administration reform processes such as the establishment of forest management units and related monitoring and inspectorate systems
Support to nature conservation and benefit sharing within the Heart of Borneo (HoB) Initiative
Development of payment for environmental services schemes to support sustainable livelihoods in rural areas
Capacity building for sustainable forest management and nature conservation
Financial Cooperation (FC)
The government of Germany commissioned KfW for financial and GIZ for technical support of FORCLIME. REDD demonstration activities financed by KfW are – together with other initiatives (i.e. AusAID; TNC; WWF) – among the first REDD "on the ground projects" in Indonesia (and worldwide). The REDD pilots are meant to demonstrate that local development, sustainable forest management, biodiversity conservation and climate protection go hand-in-hand.
Technical Cooperation (TC)
GIZ works with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry on national policy and sector strategies, to gear these strategies towards the requirements of emission reductions. Effective stakeholder participation is a critical success factor in all planning and strategy development processes.
- GIZ Forclime
- Ministry of Enviroment and Forestry
The emission reduction program in East Kalimantan province is supported by forest carbon partnership facility (FCPF) Carbon Fund. It is a follow up of REDD+ readiness project facilitated by the FCPF.
According to the Letter of Intent, the implementer of emission reduction program may receive payments through performance-based mechanism. Payment will be made after the emission reduction within the payment period of 2018 – 2024 is verified through rigorous and independent evaluation.
The emissions reduction program document (ERPD) is being revised and finalized. It’s scheduled for submission by December 2018 and reviewed by the FCFP Carbon Partners in February 2019.
- Provincial Government of East Kalimantan, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Provincial Climate Change Council (DDPI), The World Bank, Regional Government, Private Sectors, NGO, Academics
The Carbon Fund (CF) program is a follow up of the REDD + preparation process facilitated by the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), CF is a fee-based trial for land-based emissions reductions.Payments will be made if the implementer of the emission reduction program has been able to prove that performance-based payments with the repayment period (2018 - 2024) in the LOI.
Performance-based payments are performance-based payments made after being assessed and verified to reduce emissions.Payments are not made early in the activity.
Currently, the process of compiling the Emissions Reduction Program Document (ERPD) documents is being completed.
- Provincial Government of East Kalimantan
- Regional Government
- Private Sectors
The Forest Investment Program 1 (FIP-1) administered by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) seeks to support the Indonesian government and indigenous peoples in sustainable forest management and reducing greenhouse gas emission (GHG). The Community-Focused Investments to Address Deforestation and Forest Degradation project supports capacity and livelihood building of local communities around the forest and is expected to provide environmental and livelihood benefits for the community. This project outcome is to advance the implementation of REDD+ in the area surrounding the program in West Kalimantan Province. The project is also expected to contribute to the effectiveness of REDD+ fiscal strategy and harmonization at the provincial and national levels. This project has started since January 2017 and expected to finish until December 2021
- FIP-1 is implemented by Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) and PT. Hatfield Indonesia as the Project Implementation Supporting Unit (PISU)
In collaboration with the district forestry office, and West Kalimantan Provincial Forestry Office, FORCLIME comprehensively supports the PHBM development process in two villages, Setulang in Malinau District (5,300 ha) and Manua Sadap (1,600 ha) in Kapuas Hulu District together with other partners. As a first step and based on information on different PHBM options, communities choose the PHBM scheme that seems most appropriate to them, that resemble their Village Forest. Facilitation activities in two villages included the preparation of village forest development proposals, training and assistance to strengthen village forest management organizations, and legal drafting drafting training. FORCLIME and West Kalimantan Government assists in the creation of participatory village boundaries, verification of village forest areas and a participatory inventory of potential non-timber forest products. Capacity development includes skills on how to assess and list the quantity and quality of available forest resources and how to prepare sustainable forest management plans.
This project was initiated by FORCLIME to supports the establishment and development of FMUs in Indonesia at the national and local levels. While support at the national level mainly focuses on the development of policies relevant for FMU development and capacity building, at the local level FORCLIME supports the implementation of FMU design, planning and management.
This program is organized by BLU as an institution under Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF). This program is to support the financial needs of community and private sector to improve their commodity development.
- The Forest Finance Facility (BLU) of Ministry of Environment and Forestry is partnering with SAMPAN Kalimantan to provide $5 million co-investment to Village Forest of Padang Tikar in Kubu Raya, West Kalimantan Province
In 2015, provincial regulation number 1 on the protection and recognition of indigenous people in East Kalimantan was stipulated. The number of indigenous community in East Kalimantan is not yet known in precise, but in general some of the communities identified are the Dayak tribes of Bahau, Kenyah, Punan, Wehea, Benoaq, Tunjung, and Passer; and the others are Kutai and Tindung.
Implementation of the regulation on the recognition and protection of the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples in East Kalimantan is urgently needed so that the indigenous people can live according to their origin’s political, economic, social and cultural systems, religious traditions, history, and worldview. Those rights concerning rights to land, territory and natural resources are especially important for the sustainability of their cultural live as well as environmental sustainability.
Status of the initiative:
The District of Paser, Kutai Timur, Mahakam Ulu, and Kutai Barat have established a Committee on the Identification of Indigenous People.
Kutai Timur District has submitted the proposal on the recognition of Wehea community as an indigenous people. The legislation draft is still on process at Legal Bureau of Kutai Timur District.
Paser District has submitted the district regulation draft and have become part of Regional Legislation Program (Prolegda).
Mahakam Ulu and Kutai Barat Districts has held discussion on indigenous community law and in the process of legal drafting.
- Provincial Government of East Kalimantan, Regional Government, Private Sectors, NGOs (AMAN, Perkumpulan STABIL, BIOMA Foundation, BUMI Foundation, KCBF), Academics
The Heart of Borneo (HoB) Initiative is a transboundary collaboration established in February 2007 among the governments of Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia to enable conservation and sustainable development that improves the welfare of those living on the island while minimizing deforestation, forest degradation and the associated loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Under this Initiative, the three countries involved have committed 355,000 hectares, 16.8 million hectares and 6 million hectares respectively to be included in the HoB. The commitments of the three HoB governments are contained in the Heart of Borneo Declaration.
The HoB Initiative is government-led and NGO-supported programme. WWF is the lead NGO which also in collaboration with WWF-Malaysia and driven by support from WWF offices around the world.
- WWF; National governments of Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei Darussalam
The implementation of Sustainable Production Forest Management (SFM) system in Indonesia begun since the establishment of SFM Criteria and Indicators based on ITTO Guideline in 1997 (initially initiated by APHI, in collaboration with Forestry Faculties in Indonesia with further development by the stipulation of Ministry of Forestry policy, SK.Menhut, No. 4795/Kpts-II/2002 on Criteria and Indicator of Sustainable Forest Management, followed by regulation of SK Dirjen BPK No. 42/Kpts-Set/2003 on Guidelines Technical Assessment of PHPL Performance by management unit.
Furthermore, stipulation of mandatory sustainable forest management performance evaluation policy is made through ministerial decree number P.30/Menlhk/Setjen/PHPL.3/3/2016, on Assessment of PHPL and VLK Performance for the holder of Concessions License, Right of Management, or Right of Forest and the Director General of sustainable forest management regulation number P.14/PHPL/Set/4/2016, on Standards and Guidelines for Performance Assessment of PHPL and VLK.
Sustainable forest management certification needs technical assistance for its acceleration.
from other institutions. The partnership for acceleration of certification are implemented in two patterns: in the form of technical assistance and expertise (TNC-GIZ-WWF) and in the financing through grant funding (The Borneo Initiative - TBI). This partnership pattern has been developed since 2005 in East Kalimantan.
Progress to date:
Technical facilitation to achieve sustainable forest management’s mandatory certification (PHPL) has been provided to natural production forests concessions in Kalimantan encompassing area of 1.5 million hectares. Organization such as TFF, TNC, and others has also provided facilitation to achieve voluntary certification under Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) encompassing area 1.9 million hectares.
Reduced impact logging-carbon (RIL-C) technique is implemented by the committed IUPHHK-HA holder. Further testing and implementation of RIL-C to improve logging efficiency and reduce the associated carbon footprint will continued by strengthening the role of forest management units (KPHP) in mainstreaming and monitoring RIL-C.
Developing sustainable business model for production forest concessions to ensure long-term business viability of natural production forests, led by TNC with funding from the Australian Government.
KPH Center in East Kalimantan is established to develop the capacity of forest management unit to run its function as forests area manager through technical capacity development combined in KPH Tools and FMU financing and business development. The KPH Center is also one of the form of partnership under the Green Growth Compact.
- Natural production forest concessions license holder (IUPHHK-HA); Association of production forest concession (APHI); Local Forestry Agency; Forest Management Unit in East Kalimantan; The Nature Conservancy (with funding from NORAD and the Australian Government’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade); German development agency (GIZ), and The Borneo Initiative
The agricultural sector in East Kalimantan is dominated by the estate crop subsector with the palm oil as the main commodity. Based on GRDP based on 2015 Current Price, the oil palm plantation sector dominated by 43.4% (2.19% of total PDRB East Kalimantan). Overall, the oil palm is planted over 1.2 million hectares area in East Kalimantan.
Sustainable agriculture Plantation development program in East Kalimantan implemented with these strategies: encourage the implementation and certification of sustainable practices in oil palm concessions; encouraging partnership between local people and land-based private sectors; protection of high conservation value (HCV) areas within and nearby plantations, mapping of HCV areas; and greenhouse gas emission mitigation (GHG emission reduction). To accelerate the achievement of these target, multi-stakeholder partnership for sustainable agriculture in East Kalimantan is established.
Multi-Stakeholder Forum on estate crops initiated by TNC and East Kalimantan Province Estate Crop Agency.
Stipulation of Provincial Regulations for Sustainable Plantation Development Number 7 Year 2018. The regulation was approved by Provincial Legislative and subsequently legalized by the Minister of Home Affairs by mid-2018.
WebGIS platform, an integrated online information system on estate crop plantation in East Kalimantan is accessible for public. The WebGIS is accessible through East Kalimantan Estate Crop Agency website.
A Compact on sustainable agriculture is signed by stakeholders as part of East Kalimantan Green Growth Compact by 2017.
As a part of the Green Growth Compact, another public-private-people partnership on forest and land fire prevention is signed by the stakeholders by 2018. The partnership engages, among others, oil palm concession and community group. Currently, at least 49 Community Fire Brigades has been established throughout East Kalimantan.
- Private Companies, community planters,
- oil palm business association (GAPKI), Provincial estate crop agency; TNC (funded by BMUB-ICI), CPI, and DDPI
The agricultural sector in East Kalimantan is dominated by the estate/plantation subsector with the oil palm crops as main commodities.Based on GRDP on the basis of Current Price In 2015, the plantation sector dominated by 43.4% (2.19% of total PDRB East Kalimantan) of the total area of 1,251.213 ha of all plantation commodities, 87% of them are oil palm plantations.Sustainable Plantation development program in East Kalimantan implemented with strategy: Encourage the implementation of ISPO in Palm Plantation;Encouraging Partnership between local people and plantation companies;HCV Protection, HCV Mapping;Greenhouse Gas Emission Mitigation (GHG Emission) and Developing Cooperation and Partnership.In order to accelerate the achievement of these target, then building the partnership will be proceed to be built especially with the development partners in East Kalimantan.
Progress thus far includes:
- Signed MOU between Plantation AgencyofEast Kalimantan Office with TNC / BMUB-ICI, MOU between DDPI and TNC / BMUB
- Socialization of the partnership program to the district level (PPU, Berau)
- Drafted Local Regulations for Sustainable Plantation Development
- Designed Plantation Multi-stakeholder Forum initiated by TNC-Disbun
- Big Private Companies, Community planters, GAPKI, Disbun
- TNC / BMUB-ICI, CPI and DDPI
The project “Improved Livelihoods for Smallholder Farmers in West Kalimantan” was formulated in response to issues of income fluctuation, the need for environmentally sustainable farming practices to address lagging yield improvement and to develop social entrepreneurs to support the independent smallholders. The first phase of this project was designed and implemented in April 2012 that ran through up to December 2013. After a successful phase I, the next phase was started in July 2014 and concluded in December 2015. The current phase 3, supported by Henkel and BASF started in January 2016 and will run till mid 2019. The Two Goals with One Kernel (TGOK) project completed two phases and the third phase is under implementation. While the project supports the growth of the oil palm sector, at the same time it aims at reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission by preventing expansion into forest and peat areas in the 4 districts of Sintang, Sanggau, Sekadau and Melawi. The project is focused on the win-win opportunity for smallholders, increased yields to meet the demand without further deforestation whilst achieving economic development. The need for sustainable production practices intended to result in higher yields and reduced social and environmental impact, is becoming apparent and has gained growing attention.
- Solidaridad in an implementing agency that works with CU Keling Kumang in 4 districts of Sintang, Sanggau, Sekadau and Melaw
TFCA and Government of West Kalimantan Cooperation for Regional Conservation Project through Agroforestry and Non-Timber Forest Product Management as Local People's Income Alternative in Labian-Leboyan Corridor. The program start by 2016 – 2018.
- Tropical Forest Conservation Act
This project is targeting two provinces of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan and is making efforts for institutionalization and capacity building of governments of provinces and districts through pilot activities, as well as enhancing institutional capacity of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry that is in charge of this project. Purpose of this project is REDD+ implementation mechanism is developed in West and Central Kalimantan. Following the purpose, there are 5 outputs of the project, such as: (i) Sub-national Framework on REDD+ is developed in West Kalimantan, (ii) a REDD+ model for Gunung Palung National Park (GPNP) and its landscape is developed, (iii) capacity of carbon monitoring is enhanced at the provincial level in Central Kalimantan, (iv) emission reduction activities regarding forest and land fire control are mobilized in West Kalimantan, and (v) project findings are referred to in the process of developing REDD+ implementation mechanisms at the national level. This project had finished in June 2018. Government of Indonesia and Japan are under negotiating process for upcoming IJ-REDD+ project.
- Government of Japan was directly partnering with Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF), Provincial Government of West Kalimantan and Central Kalimantan and the Gunung Palung National Park Office.
SIPKEBUN, which was developed by INOBU in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture, the provincial and three district governments of Central Kalimantan, is an online system that integrates data and maps of all oil palm growers: from industrial scale estates to independent smallholder farmers. SIPKEBUN enables the government to know who is growing oil palm, where they are growing it and how they are growing it. SIPKEBUN also a powerful tool for governments to support smallholders to farm legally, productively and profitably. The system can help smallholder farmers to get cultivation registration letters. The data stored within SIPKEBUN enables local governments to streamline the process for issuing cultivation registration letters to smallholders. This data is also a stepping stone for initiating processes for issuing land certificates to smallholders. SIPKEBUN enables local governments to understand how smallholders are farming, which enables them to more effectively target interventions for improving the productivity and profitability of smallholder oil palm plantations.
- Ministry of Agriculture, Provincial government of Central Kalimantan; Three district governments and
Fakfak District Government in collaboration with INOBU, financed by Packard Foundation, IKI German and Norad, has initiated a jurisdictional model of sustainable commodity production as an alternative pathway of development for indigenous Papuans that does not depend on industrial-scale deforestation and plantation development, activities which are likely to disrupt customary land uses and livelihoods as well as the natural environment. The focus of sustainable commodity production in Fakfak is developing the potential of the local nutmeg industry. As part of the initiative, the multi-stakeholder working group (WG) on nutmeg, established in 2013, sets the milestones toward achieving sustainable production in Fakfak. The WG has begun mapping nutmeg farmers in the district; to date, more than 800 farmers’ plots have been mapped. Pilot villages have been selected for program interventions focused on teaching good agricultural practices as well as improving existing practices. The WG is also actively seeking and connecting global buyers of nutmeg and its derivatives with producers in Fakfak. The initiative sets out a model for prioritizing recognition of customary land and resource rights, followed by strengthening the management capacity of customary institutions while improving the markets and value for forest-maintaining community enterprise.
- District Government of Fakfak; INOBU, AKAPE
Katingan Mentaya Project is a living proof that carbon finance can combat climate change. The largest program of its kind, it generates an average 7,5 million triple gold certified carbon credits annually. In partnership with local communities, the project utilizes carbon revenues to ensure natural forest restoration and protection through activities aligned to the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
- PT. Rimba Makmur Utama
This project is funded by the German government to the Government of Aceh for Biodiversity conservation and climate protection activities in Gunung Leuseur ecosystem.Based on the Letter of the Ministry of Finance no.S-103 / MK.7 / 2015 dated July 14, 2015 of EUR 4,194,714 Or Rp.67.115.424.000
2016 - EUR 300,000
2017 - EUR 1,429,714
2018 - EUR 1,621,000
2019 - EUR 844,000
The project focuses on South Aceh district, Kota Sebulussalam and Aceh Singkil regency, or in the district directly adjacent to Gunung Leuser Aceh National Park.
The existence of guidelines for the recognition and protection of indigenous and tribal peoples in East Kalimantan.
Sociologically, the recognition and protection of the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples in East Kalimantan is an urgent need to place them on the dignity of the nation.With the existence of these rules the people are expected to enjoy the inherent rights and originate in the political, economic, social and cultural systems, religious traditions, history and worldview.Especially those concerning rights to land, territory and natural resources.
The project supports national governments in their development of mitigation strategies in the agro-food sector. Companies are encouraged to implement sustainable business models and are offered support on this path. Consumer awareness regarding sustainable consumption and production (SCP) is raised through the engagement of opinion leaders and communication campaigns. In Indonesia, this project focuses on contributions to NDC implementation in the agricultural sector, focusing on palm oil production, are evolved and sustainable business models are implemented. This project has started since March 2017 and expected to close in February 2020.
- International Climate Initiative works with WWF
Realizing green development program by supporting community ownership. Environmental programs to involve local communities’ capacity to engage in green development in their areas.
- Universitas Brawijaya
- and Yayasan Task Force on Low-Environment Development (YALI)
This program initiated by Government of Indonesia to response massive destruction on peatland ecosystem. This program is mandated to National Peat Restoration Agency (BRG) as a non-structural institution directly under and responsible to the President of the Republic of Indonesia. The establishment of BRG is a testimony to the Indonesian government’s commitment to restore the degraded peatland ecosystems. This project targets two millions of hectares of degraded peatland within five years period to be restored in the provinces of Riau, South Sumatra, Jambi, Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, West Kalimantan and Papua. BRG’s target is to restore the approximately
- National Restoration Agency (BRG RI) is working with Provincial’s Peat Restoration Team in West Kalimantan Province
Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG) mandated to restore 2 million ha of degraded peatland in 7 provinces by 2020 (60% of BRG project area located in Central Kalimantan). BRG will restore 679.573 hectares of peatlands in Central Kalimantan. The restoration will be carried out within five years from 2016 to 2020, especially in the heavily degraded areas in Pulang Pisau District.
- Peatland Restoration Agency; Pulang Pisau District
PELITA Seruyan Agricultural Facility aims to reduce environmental damage while improving the welfare of farmers to independently, sustainably and productively cultivate oil palm. The district governments of Seruyan with the support of INOBU, financed by Norad, Packard Foundation and UNEP, has established an agricultural facility for supporting all oil palm smallholders in the entire district. The facility currently provides training for smallholders and will start providing agricultural inputs in the coming year, including certified seedlings, fertilizers and pesticides. It provides support for farmers to get RSPO and ISPO certification. The facility partners with companies, local government agencies and civil society organizations. It would charge at-cost fees for goods and services, and also be capable of receiving grants from third parties and local governments.
- Seruyan District Government;
- Oil Palm Mills and Buyers; RSPO and Farmer Groups.
Online Based monitoring system that can track tenurial conflicts in the plantation area in Central Kalimantan.
Yayasan Penelitian Inovasi Bumi (INOBU) has conducted a preliminary study to identify the typology of social conflict occurring within the industry, particularly in West Kotawaringin and Seruyan District, Central Kalimantan Province, as well as mechanisms for completion, monitoring and prevention of conflicts implemented by District and Provincial Governments.The results of the study will be used to design a tracking system of conflict resolution developments that occur at every level of government integrated with plantation databases.The system hopes to help the district and provincial governments to monitor and encourage the process of conflict resolution at the local level and improve the handling of conflict ahead.
SKK-Migas and BP-Berau with indigenous peoples- customary owners will be planted with forest trees and versatile plant on degraded land of about 1320 Ha of protected forests of Bintuni Bay, Bintuni Bay that began in 2017 for 6 years up to 2022.
Currently, the process of structuring the plantation area is on-going.
- SKK-Migas and BP Berau
The partnership between SKK-Migas and BP-Berau companies and indigenous peoples will reforest 1.320 ha of protected forest area in Teluk Bintuni, using trees and other plants with multiple uses. The project began in 2017 and will run for 6 years, through 2022. Currently, planting in the area is on-going.
- BP Berau; SKK Migas
The IDH landscape program uses an innovative, integrated approach to sustainable natural management. It also works towards preventing deforestation, improving smallholder and community livelihoods, and ensuring supply security for businesses. Through a three-pronged approach – production, protection and inclusion (PPI approach) – IDH work supports four key stakeholder groups: companies sourcing sustainably; governments aiming to enable sustainable growth; smallholder famers who need to diversify their income, secure land rights, and strengthen their position in supply chains; and finally, impact investors and the mainstream finance sector who need bankable projects that deliver impact on SDGs. This project has started since 2014. IDH works closely with Provincial Government and Districts Governments, Private Companies, and NGOs.
- IDH, Provincial Government and Districts Governments, Private Companies
IDH is convening stakeholders in “PPI Compacts”: An agreement between public, private, community, and civil society stakeholders to enhance the sustainability and productivity of land and increase and diversify community livelihoods in exchange for forest/natural resources protection. The PPI Compacts provide an improved governance environment at the landscape level, which enables investment in PPI land use. Based on this, we create conditional financial incentives for sustainable palm oil production, forest protection and activities to intensify land use by (in)dependent smallholders.
- The Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH)
Funded by the Norwegian Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI), Phase II began in mid-2016 and will end in 2020 with a focus on Kotawaringin Timur and Katingan Districts. The program’s main areas are:
Fiscal policy for sustainable land use management at sub-national level to support local government on sustainable and equitable land use management including to promote high productivity, sustainable agricultural production (particularly oil palm) and protection of high value ecosystems.
Policy engagement with key local decision makers with engagement of private sector and civil society organizations to develop framework for adopting sustainable land use policies in oil palm supply chain.
Business models of sustainable alternative livelihoods for smallholder farmers in two selected districts to help improve local economy and optimize land use.
Local institutional capacity to support production-protection strategy through productive research-policy linkages and public-private-people collaboration.
- Climate Policy Initiative, University of Palangkaraya, and PILAR
Kampung Rhepang Muaif was chosen as the location of ceremonial activities because this village was inaugurated as one of five villages promoted as spot of cenderawasih ecotourism in Papua Province.The other location is Kampong Amai in Jayapura District and Kampung Berawai, Poom and Sawendui in Yapen Islands District.
- WWF Indonesia
- Environmental Management Agency (BPLH)
The implementation of Sustainable Production Forest Management (SFM) system has been started in Indonesia since the establishment of SFM-SFM Criteria and Indicators based on ITTO Guide Line since 1997 (initially initiated by APHI, in collaboration with Forestry Faculties in Indonesia with further development bythe stipulation of Ministry of Forestry policy,SK.Menhut, No. 4795 / Kpts-II / 2002, on Criteria and Indicator of Sustainable Forest Management, followed by regulation of SK Dirjen BPK No. 42 / Kpts-Set / 2003 on Guidelines Technical Assessment of PHPL Performance by management unit Furthermore stipulation that Production Forest Management by license holder is "obligation - mandatory" hence developed policy of PHPL Performance Assessment is "Mandatory" which is last based on Kepmenhut Permen.LHK No. P.30 / Menlhk / Setjan / PHPL.3 / 3/2016, on Assessment of PHPL and VLK Performance on License Holder, Right of Management or on Right Forest and the Director General of PHPL no.P. 14 / PHPL / Set / 4/2016, tenthg Standards and Guidelines for Performance Assessment of PHPL and VLK.
At the same time developing a scheme of PHPL performance assessment under the FSC standard (as a Global Market requirement) is a "Voluntary" certification.Thus the practice of natural forest production is confronted with two "mandatory" and "option" certification schemes.Under these conditions, to accelerate the achievement of both forms of certification requires assistance from other institutions.In relation to the acceleration process the Pattern Partnership developed in achieving the two certification schemes.The partnership programs in the framework of certification achievements that have been and will continue to be developed in East Kalimantan are in two patterns: partnerships in the form of technical assistance and expertise (TNC-GIZ-WWF) and partnership pole in the Grant Funding aspect (The Borneo Initiative - TBI).This partnership pattern has been developed since 2005 in East Kalimantan.
Progress so far includes:
Implemented in the field by the committed IUPHHK-HA holder.It will continue to be developed into other Forest Management Units (FMUs) through the role of KPHP in each district
- Holders of IUPHHK-HA
- Dishut / KPHP
- TNC GIZ and TBI
Creation of Climate Camp Program (Proklim) in order to support LHK Ministry Program.
The issue of Climate Change has become a real environmental phenomenon and is recognized as one of the greatest threats to human life.The Ministry of Environment and Forestry has made a policy in the form of Kampung Climate Program (Proklim).Proklim is a national scheme program to encourage the active participation of communities and all parties in implementing local actions to improve resilience to climate change impacts and reductions in greenhouse gas emissions.North Kalimantan plans to foster villages around Kayan Mentarang National Park as a Kampung Kampan Climate Program with a target of 20 villages / villages in collaboration with donors from abroad.
- Ministry of Environment and Forestry
The West Kalimantan Province government together with FORCLIME Technical Cooperation (TC) conducted a training on Safeguards Information System (SIS) – REDD+ on 30 March 2017 in Pontianak, West Kalimantan. This activity is as part of REDD readiness for the province in the transition phase towards full implementation of REDD+ performance based payment in 2020. The training is also important for West Kalimantan since the province is keen to promote green development initiative, additionally, it is a member of the Governor Climate Forum (GCF).
SAMPAN Kalimantan intends to protect the remaining coastlines (particularly mangroves) in western Kalimantan. The idea is to promote fair and sustainable coastal governance by supporting the protection and use of coastal communities through the use of community-based forest management models(eg HD, HKm), legislation permits on the protection of mangroves. It provides the community with access to and control of their forests. The project works with village communities but also affects local government.
- Siemenpuu Foundation
Funded by the United Kingdom’s Climate Change Unit – The British Embassy, the Asia Foundation’s environmental governance (SETAPAK) program is focused on improving forest and land governance in Indonesia. Good forest and land governance will allow Indonesia’s decentralized governance to ensure transparency and accountability in the management, protection and distribution of benefits from natural resources to achieve pro-poor sustainable growth.
Improving land governance to protect forests and communities in Indonesia
SETAPAK has been working to improve forest and land governance in Indonesia since 2011. The program promotes good forest and land governance in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and ensure that the benefits of natural resources are distributed sustainably and equitably.
Indonesia hosts the world’s third largest area of tropical rainforest, which is being destroyed at a rate of 8,400 square kilometres annually. Indonesia’s peatlands are also a vital resource, yet approximately 120,000 square kilometres have been disturbed, in some places irreparably. These changes are responsible for 80 percent of Indonesia’s greenhouse gas emissions, which are the third highest in the world. They also increase the risk of natural disasters such as floods, harm animal and plant life, reduce state revenues, cause land conflict, and affect livelihoods detrimentally.
These issues are critical for Indonesia and the world. To ensure that our responses are strategic, efficient and coordinated, SETAPAK works to promote good forest and land governance in Indonesia.
- The Asia Foundation
- PLH Nunukan, Lalinka foundation, SAMPAN Kalimantan, AMAN Kalbar, LBBT, Perkumpulan Pancur Kasih, Elpagar and JARI Borneo Barat
Shared Resources – Joint Solutions (SRJS) is a 5-year strategic partnership between IUCN NL, WWF Netherlands and the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Together with over 50 NGOs and civil society organisations in 16 low- and middle-income countries and international partners, we aim to safeguard healthy, biodiverse ecosystems in order to protect climate resilience, the water supply and food security. We do so by strengthening our joint capacities to increase our influence in multi-stakeholder partnerships with governments and businesses. Together, we are working to strengthen our leverage in successfully advocating for inclusive and green development.
Within the SRJS Initiative, measures were planned to enable civil society organisations (CSOs) with improved understanding and capacity to lobby, advice and interact with businesses and governments on transparency and compliance with environmental standards and laws. The IUCN Environmental Law Centre supports the SRJS initiative to strengthen and support CSOs in environmental lawyering through a mix of tools, including webinars, Massive Open Online Course (MOOC), and workshops.
The program in Indonesia runs on three landscapes, namely Aceh, Papua and North Kalimantan. In North Kalimantan this program focused in Bulungan.
- IUCN NL
- Sawit Watch
- Yayasan Padi Indonesia
This project is to support Forestry Faculty of Tanjungpura University in managing their Educational Forest of Tanjungpura. This project objective is to develop the Educational Forest to be a Community Based Learning Center for Peat Protection and Restoration in West Kalimantan Province. This project has begun in August 2017 and will finish in August 2018.
- Indonesia Climate Change Trust Fund (ICCTF) is partnering with Forest Faculty of Tanjungpura University.
This project aims to maintain forest areas, including the biodiversity and ecosystem functions of Kalimantan’s lowland and montane areas, from the development of estate crops. This project consists of 3 components, such as: (i) forest ecosystem services and biodiversity mainstreamed in national and provincial policies and decision making processes for forest area planning and management, (ii) strengthened and expanded implementation of best practices in the plantation sector in 3 target landscapes in Kalimantan, (iii) creation of incentives to safeguard forests. Thus project is organized by UNDP and funded by GEF Trust Fund under award ID 00093330 with a total project amount USD 9.000.000 for 7 years-project implementation, started in 2017.
- KALFOR Project is implemented by Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF), organized by UNDP and Forestry Faculty as the Project partners in West Kalimantan Province
There are 841 villages in East Kalimantan Province. Many of the villages are located inside and around forests but the majority of the communities do not have legal access to and control over forests and forest resources. In recent years, the Government of Indonesia provided more opportunities for communities to secure their rights and to take more active parts in managing the forests through social forestry. The President has set social forestry implementation target of 12.7 million hectares in Indonesia. From that target, 660,782 hectares have been allocated for East Kalimantan Province.
To support the communities to obtain their management rights and to help the government in achieving the set target and ensuring effective management of community managed forests, a Social Forestry Working Group was established in East Kalimantan.
The working group met regularly to identify area of social forestry in East Kalimantan, and discuss lessons learnt and challenges.
To date, several communities in East Kalimantan have obtained management rights under the social forestry scheme. These includes 18 village forests (hutan desa), 2 community forests (hutan kemasyarakatan), 7 community plantation forests (hutan tanaman rakyat), 3 forest partnership (hutan kemitraan) and 1 customary forest (hutan adat), covering a total of 102,235 hectares.
- Agencies within East Kalimantan Province: Forestry and its relevant technical units, Environmental, Developmental Planning, Community and Village Government Empowerment, Forest Area Gazettement, Social Forestry and Environmental Partnership; NGO/CSOs: KCBF, GIZ FORCLIME, WWF Indonesia, The Nature Conservancy, WARSI, MENAPAK, AMAN Kaltim, WALHI, BUMI Foundation, Forum WAPENA, BIOMA Foundation
The project is financed by the EU of 6.5 million USD, with GIZ as the Executing Agency.The objectives of this project are the coordination of FMU capacity, the development of climate change campaigns in the regions as well as the need for the management of forest protection for FMU areas 1,2,4 and Tahura forests in Aceh Province.This project will run until 2019.
Support to Indonesia’s Climate Change Response – Technical Assistance Component (SICCR-TAC) is a partnership between the Government of Indonesia and European Union (EU) in addressing climate change. The project is implemented under the auspices of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, represented by the Directorate General of Climate Change. SICCR-TAC began in February 2016 and will be completed in January 2019.
The overall objective of the project contributes, in an effective and coherent way, to the achievement of the REDD+ strategy by designing provincial REDD+ strategies and mainstreaming them into existing development planning frameworks.
The project will design strategies to generate valuable experiences for further regional and national discussions by contributing lessons learned from the field to the national and international exchange on REDD+ experiences.
The focus of the project is on building the capacity of the Government of Aceh in its effort towards low-carbon/low-emission economic development in the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry sector. The Environment and Forestry Services of Aceh Province is main local stakeholder. One of the project’s main activities is strengthening Forest Management Units (FMU) as local units for sustainable forest management in Aceh.
SICCR-TAC is implemented by GIZ together with the consortium partners SNV Netherlands Development Organisation and AHT Group, with grant amount € 6.5 million.
- GiZ, SNV Netherlands, and AHT Group
Tetra Tech is implementing the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) LESTARI project, which supports the Government of Indonesia to decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and conserve biodiversity in carbon-rich, biologically significant forest and mangrove ecosystems.
Deforestation and forest degradation in Indonesia are a result of a complex dynamic of political, economic, and institutional drivers. On three of Indonesia’s largest islands, Tetra Tech’s project activities target six strategic areas including Aceh, Central Kalimantan, and Papua landscapes.
Through LESTARI, Tetra Tech applies a landscape approach that combines conservation objectives and low emissions development strategies. This approach improves land use governance, enhances protected areas management and protection of key species, and increases commitment from the private sector for more sustainable business practices.
Working with key private sector, government, and community stakeholders, the LESTARI project has resulted in an increase of policies, laws, regulations, and procedures to support low emission development, forest conservation, and sustainable forest management to be enforced at all levels. Tetra Tech has helped develop models for successful integration of district, provincial, and national low emissions development and forest conservation strategies, which also have been shared at all levels of government and with other key stakeholders.
LESTARI’s influence resulted in the introduction of three public policies that address the changing climate and biodiversity. In addition, 971 people received training in natural resource management and 120,551 people were reached with targeted information about project activities.
Tetra Tech has helped LESTARI reclaim more than 8 million hectares of forest and put them under improvement management, including the critical orangutan forest habitat, which reduces the threat of poaching.
LESTARI also assisted with a 41 percent decrease in CO2-equivalent emissions, helping Indonesia decrease GHGs and increase forest and key species conservation.
- Tetra Tech – USAID Lestari
A multi-functional landscape covering an area of 532,143 ha can be found in the Wehea-Kelay Landscape. A large part of the area covering 465,799 ha is under commercial permits, consisting of timber companies covering 313,700 ha, industrial timber companies covering 19,003 ha, and oil palm plantations covering 31,249 ha. Most of these companies are already operating. Protected forests (including the Wehea community protected forest) cover an area of 101,848 ha. This area is also the habitat for at least 800 individuals of Kalimantan orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus).
Companies have identified the areas with High Conservation Value (HCV). However, the HCV areas alone are unable to effectively support the management of orangutan habitat for a viable population. Furthermore, conflicts between orangutans and humans may occur and cause harm to both sides and threat the orangutan population in the area. To address the cross sectoral issues, partnership between land-based companies, local governments, and indigenous peoples managing areas more than 300,000 hectares was signed. These stakeholders are committed to working together to address these challenges and have tested several assumptions to find effective solutions. On the ground, land-based companies are implementing best management practices for landscape-based management of orangutan habitats.
Area management for the essential ecosystem area is recognized by the Division of Essential Ecosystem Areas, Directorate General of Ecosystems and Natural Resources Conservation
An agreement has been signed by East Kalimantan’s province government (Nature Conservation Agency, Environmental Agency, and Wehea Protected Forest Management Body), Wehea Customary Community Institution, The Nature Conservancy, natural production forest concessions (PT Gunung Gajah Abadi, PT Narkata Rimba, PT Karya Lestari), plantation forest concession (PT Acacia Andalan Utama), and oil palm concession (PT Nusaraya Agro Sawit) by April 17th, 2015.
A Wehea-Kelay forum, led by the East Kalimantan Environment Agency, has been established and met regularly to formulate management plan, discuss progress and address challenges.
Two more companies have joined the initiative, i.e. one timber company and one oil palm plantation encompassing 11,000 hectares.
Current management plan of the landscape period is ending by December 2018. The subsequent management plan period is currently being updated by the stakeholders.
- Directorate of Essential Ecosystems Management
- Directorate of Conservation and Biodiversity;
- The East Kalimantan Provincial Forestry Office; The Kalimantan Center for Ecoregion Development;
- The Samboja Natural Resources Research and Development Center; The East Kutai District Environment Office; The Berau District Environment Office; The Wehea Protected Forest Management Agency (BP-Huliwa); The Wehea Customary Council; The Nature Conservancy;
- Timber Companies: PT Gunung Gajah Abadi, PT Narkata Rimba, PT Karya Lestari, PT Wanabhakti Persada Utama, PT. Utama Damai Indah Timber;
- Industrial Timber Company - PT Acacia Andalan Utama;
- Oil Palm Plantation: PT Nusaraya Agro Sawit, PT. Global Primatama Mandiri
TFCA is a cooperative program between the Indonesian Government and the US Government in partnership with TNC and WWF Indonesia. It launched in September 29, 2011. The program is part of the debt for nature swap scheme to support sustainable development, to encourage the efforts of biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of biological resources, and also to reduce emission. TFCA is administered by KEHATI Foundation and they work with local partners under 3 grant cycles. Cycle 1 started in 2014 with 9 NGOs/Universities were involved, Cycle 2 started in 2015 with 16 NGOs/Universities involved, and Cycle 3 have been starting in 2017 with 14 NGOs/Universities as their partners. Detail TFCA grantees can be found through the following link: http://tfcakalimantan.org/siklushibah
- KEHATI Foundation, University, Provincial Government and Districts Governments, NGOs
This project is initiated by SAMPAN Kalimantan in West Kalimantan Province. This project is mainly to improve site level forest management by letting community to have a legal access to manage their forest. This project has started since 2014, funded by numerous international and national funding agency. Under this project, SAMPAN Kalimantan with 32 villages managed 174.150 hectares of state forest under village forest regulation framework. This project sets 3 main strategy: (i) ensure the protected area is protected by developing robust monitoring, regulatory, institutional, and implementation framework as well as its incentive scheme, (ii) improve commodity productivity by scaling the business unit to be a bankable institution, improve production and supply chains, investment plan, and enrich the commercial deals with off taking company, and (iii) increase the involvement of other key stakeholders in the landscape in managing the license by strengthening the landscape institution and its governance and role.
- SAMPAN Kalimantan works with Bentang Kalimantan, CU KNB, and PT Kayuh Nusantara Jaya
The Climate Fund of the Yucatan Peninsula was established in 2016 in association with the three Autonomous Universities of Campeche, Quintana Roo and Yucatán. State governments participate as members of the fund's Advisory Council, which has the mission of supporting regional initiatives to mitigate and adapt to climate change by financing regional climate priorities. It will also seek to be a regional counterpart in the REDD + payment scheme of the FCPF Carbon Fund, in coordination with CONAFOR. This fund began operating in December 2016, in phase 1, developing the executive plan to implement the trust, coordinating the operational strategy of the Advisory Board, designing the fundraising plan and the procedures manual. This Fund is a trust that can capture and distribute resources on a regional and state level, so that it can receive private and international resources for the development of climate policy actions.
- The Nature Conservancy and state governments of Quintana Roo, Campeche y Yucatán, Universidades Autónomas de Campeche, Quintana Roo y Yucatán
The project was designed for Papua Province, although some activities will also be carried out in West Papua Province. Five technical work streams of the projects are:
Market Systems Analysis – to identify, define and pilot test the changes to market systems which are needed, in order to enable wide scale adoption of sustainable crop farming systems and land use practices (and thus improved climate resilience).
Socio-economic Planning and Gender Analysis - address the chronic capacity deficits that challenge rural Papuan SHFs and hamper their ability to compete with the agrarian trading/cultures of non-Papuan migrants, especially in more remote locations like the highlands.
Farming Methods and Production Systems - assist SHFs adopt sustainable crop systems and land use practices. The crops, value added products, and MSMEs selected and the supporting activities provided by the GEGPP team will be guided by a core set of internationally recognised sustainability principles.
Credit, Finance and Small Business Development - assist financial service providers become more active and build a portfolio of loans in the agriculture and agribusiness sector targeting indigenous Papuans.
Business Incubator and Investor Engagement - The GEGPP will help ensure improved access to business support services and investment funding to green growth oriented lead firms, ISPs and SMEs through a structured incubation and investment facilitation process.
- UK Government