Currently, West Papua aims to build on Constitutional Court Decision No. 35/PUU-X/2012 that recognized the land rights of indigenous people in state forest areas. A draft Special Autonomy Law on the acknowledgement and protection the indigenous people rights on land has been drafted. The draft is currently under discussion in the provincial parliament. This regulation is fundamental for the recognition of indigenous land claims and should be signed into law before any large-scale land use activities, such as plantation estates or conservation activities, should be allowed in West Papua. No financial support is provided to the provincial government on the issue, except sporadic support provided by donors for civil society supporting the process.
- Provincial Government, Indigenous People Council, Civil Society Organizations
Production FMU- Customary Forest Community model is the Production FMU that cooperates with indigenous peoples to operate the FMU Function. The model will be conducted in the Manokwari district and it aims to fulfill the needs of local wood in Manokwari city and nearby areas as well as improving the welfare of indigenous people who have customary rights in the Production FMU region.
Fakfak District Government in collaboration with INOBU, financed by Packard Foundation, IKI German and Norad, has initiated a jurisdictional model of sustainable commodity production as an alternative pathway of development for indigenous Papuans that does not depend on industrial-scale deforestation and plantation development, activities which are likely to disrupt customary land uses and livelihoods as well as the natural environment. The focus of sustainable commodity production in Fakfak is developing the potential of the local nutmeg industry. As part of the initiative, the multi-stakeholder working group (WG) on nutmeg, established in 2013, sets the milestones toward achieving sustainable production in Fakfak. The WG has begun mapping nutmeg farmers in the district; to date, more than 800 farmers’ plots have been mapped. Pilot villages have been selected for program interventions focused on teaching good agricultural practices as well as improving existing practices. The WG is also actively seeking and connecting global buyers of nutmeg and its derivatives with producers in Fakfak. The initiative sets out a model for prioritizing recognition of customary land and resource rights, followed by strengthening the management capacity of customary institutions while improving the markets and value for forest-maintaining community enterprise.
- District Government of Fakfak; INOBU, AKAPE
SKK-Migas and BP-Berau with indigenous peoples- customary owners will be planted with forest trees and versatile plant on degraded land of about 1320 Ha of protected forests of Bintuni Bay, Bintuni Bay that began in 2017 for 6 years up to 2022.
Currently, the process of structuring the plantation area is on-going.
- SKK-Migas and BP Berau
The partnership between SKK-Migas and BP-Berau companies and indigenous peoples will reforest 1.320 ha of protected forest area in Teluk Bintuni, using trees and other plants with multiple uses. The project began in 2017 and will run for 6 years, through 2022. Currently, planting in the area is on-going.
- BP Berau; SKK Migas
The project was designed for Papua Province, although some activities will also be carried out in West Papua Province. Five technical work streams of the projects are:
Market Systems Analysis – to identify, define and pilot test the changes to market systems which are needed, in order to enable wide scale adoption of sustainable crop farming systems and land use practices (and thus improved climate resilience).
Socio-economic Planning and Gender Analysis - address the chronic capacity deficits that challenge rural Papuan SHFs and hamper their ability to compete with the agrarian trading/cultures of non-Papuan migrants, especially in more remote locations like the highlands.
Farming Methods and Production Systems - assist SHFs adopt sustainable crop systems and land use practices. The crops, value added products, and MSMEs selected and the supporting activities provided by the GEGPP team will be guided by a core set of internationally recognised sustainability principles.
Credit, Finance and Small Business Development - assist financial service providers become more active and build a portfolio of loans in the agriculture and agribusiness sector targeting indigenous Papuans.
Business Incubator and Investor Engagement - The GEGPP will help ensure improved access to business support services and investment funding to green growth oriented lead firms, ISPs and SMEs through a structured incubation and investment facilitation process.
- UK Government