The Ministry of Environment and Natural History (SEMAHN) of the Government of the State of Chiapas and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) are carrying out the design of a functional strategy of landscape restoration with an approach that encourages productivity and supports the objectives set out in the Chiapas State Development Plan 2013-2018. It also facilitates compliance with the commitments made in different international agreements at the national level (the 15 Aichi goals of the CBD, the UNFCCC REDD + goal, the zero net land degradation goal of Rio + 20) and at the state level (Rio Branco Declaration on low-emission rural within the framework of the GCF Technical Team). The design of the strategy is the first step for the State Government to join the global Bonn Challenge initiative (http://www.bonnchallenge.org/), whose objective is to restore 150 million hectares of deforested and degraded lands by 2020 and 350 million by 2030.
- State of Chiapas
On April 22, 2016, the Government of the State of Chiapas, through the Chief Executive, signed an agreement with the National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR) for a Coordination Agreement for the development and implementation of the Emissions Reduction Initiative through investment programs with scope in the territorial district of the state of Chiapas.
The specific activities that will be developed within the framework of the Initiative for the reduction of emissions have been defined according to local realities to ensure that the causes of deforestation and forest degradation in each region of the State are addressed. To implement the economic activities in a sustainable and long-term manner, it is necessary to have a state financing scheme that allows the capture of financial resources from different national and international, public and private sources, that can function as an investment that will impact the development of sustainable rural activities and the development of capacity in producers, associations of producers, and communities of the state.
- Government of Chiapas
- World Bank
The parties to the agreement commit themselves to implement efforts that promote conservation and encourage sustainable rural development in the State of Chiapas within the framework of the Emission Reduction Initiative (IRE).
- State of Chiapas
Vision 2030, is a strategic proposal to transform Chiapas, with marked trends of degradation and poverty, to a sustainable, productive, profitable and resilient state; where there is development and conservation of nature. It incorporates 3 main strategies: forest conservation, restoration of degraded areas and intensifying production with sustainable methods and models. Prioritizes work with intensifying the production of corn, coffee and livestock (which are also the main causes of deforestation in Chiapas); from the intensification areas are released to restore; and is based on the conservation of forests that provide environmental services to intensify production; a virtuous circle. Includes 6 favorable conditions and 4 basic principles.
It incorporates the integrated landscape management approach, using the basins as management units, working the main productive activity, always emphasizing in recovering the health of the soils.
It includes the topics of public policies, value chain and markets as well as strategic financing.
- TNC as lead partner with Foncet, INIFAP, ESI, Pronatura Sur, SEMAHN, CONANP,
Strengthening the conservation of globally significant biodiversity in the National System of Protected Areas and corridors, through integrated management of priority coastal, marine and terrestrial landscapes of Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico. With 3 components:
Strengthening Biodiversity conservation through integrated management of three priority landscapes; Landscapes: 1) Sierra Madre of Chiapas, 2) Sierra Sur of Oaxaca, and 3) Pacific South Coast of Oaxaca and Chiapas.
Improving Sustainable agriculture, fishing and forest production as a pillar of integrated management of the three priority landscapes.
Increasing financial sustainability and stakeholder participation in the integrated management of the three priority landscapes.
- CI, CONANP and
The State of Chiapas is in a process of social, economic and political transformation. Chiapas is one of the five most lagging states in Mexico in terms of educational performance, health and economic development.
But also, it is the second State with the greatest biodiversity, endemic species and indigenous peoples. Chiapas has abundant water and mineral resources. In addition to being an important provider of ecosystem services. In contrast Chiapas presents a strong degradation of native ecosystems and strong pressure on natural resources. Small and large-scale agricultural expansion is one of the main pressures on natural resources in Chiapas; so that approximately 60% of total greenhouse gas emissions at the state level are derived from land use, agriculture and forestry.
Some of the challenges at the state level are to align public policies, incentive programs and territorial performance at the subnational level. This will be achieved through the coordinated application of low-emission rural development strategies in all sectors.
- Pronatura Sur
The Intermunicipal Council of Sumidero Canyon is composed of 16 municipalities of the State of Chiapas, which converge around the Sumidero Canyon. This initiative seeks to form an agreement with the 16 municipalities to develop a territorial strategy to promote sustainable low emissions actions, promoting the reduction of the environmental impact of anthropocentric activities.
- Secretary of the Environment and Natural History
- 16 Town Halls and Local NGOs
The United Kingdom Space Agency through the International Partnership Program initiated a project to improve global forest management and protection on 300 million hectares of tropical forest "Forest 2020" to help countries with high biological diversity improve the management and conservation of their forest ecosystems through the monitoring of tropical forests. Ecometrica is the international consortium that brings together international experts for forest monitoring in the world, including: University of Edinburgh, University of Leicester and Edinburgh Carbomap. For Mexico, window areas were selected in two states, Jalisco (345,531.82 ha.) and Chiapas (500,015.61 ha.), through the signing of collaboration agreements with local partners such as FIPRODEFO in Jalisco, PRONATURA-SUR, AMBIO and ECOSUR in Chiapas.
- Ecometrica and FIPRODEFO
With support from the TNC and the MexicoREDD + Alliance, FONCET and SEMAHN signed an agreement to establish a public-private financial platform, between FONCET and SEMAHN, through the State Environmental Fund, to jointly manage financial resources to promote rural development. sustainable in Chiapas. The agreement is signed.
Structure proposal, decision making and adjustments designed. Foncet made required adjustments; the FESA is in the process.
- Conservation Fund El Triunfo, AC. (FONCET) and the Secretariat of the Environment and Natural History (SEMAHN)
The PES is the operational instrument for environmental and social risk management through which Chiapas, as one of the 5 Mexican states within the Emission Reduction Initiative (IRE), will promote the guidelines, mechanisms and procedures established in the Framework World Bank Safeguards to reduce risk management and improve the benefits associated with REDD + activities that will be developed within its territory associated with the intervention area established in the Investment Program registered in the IRE. The PES will be valid for 5 years, during which period the IRE will be executed. Chiapas drafted its Plan, which Mexico proposed to the World Bank in June 2017. After the validation, the final version of the PES will be integrated in each of the 5 Mexican states.
- National Forestry Commission (CONAFOR)
At present, the document of the State REDD + Strategy formulated is relied upon, however, for its implementation, it is necessary to consult with the main users of the forests and jungles, since they are the ones who will have to carry out the activities that are reflected in it. Therefore, it is proposed to consult the State REDD + Strategy in order to count and resume the recommendations and validation of end users. In the future, with the implementation of the EEREDD +, the strategy is expected to improve the environment and support environmentally appropriate economic activities without neglecting the conservation aspect of natural resources, hoping to favor the restoration of ecosystem conditions so that other organisms return to the places from which they have been displaced.
- Secretary of the Environment and Natural History
Efforts to advance the SDGs include several initiatives related to forests, which include:
- strengthen the network of forest nurseries and seed banks;
- use forest resources under the criteria of legality and sustainability;
- implement restoration actions in degraded forest areas;
- promote a culture of awareness and integration of community forest management;
- incorporate forestry areas in the environmental services payment program;
- regulate the change in land use and promote the conservation and sustainable use of the land;
- reduce the area of ecosystem effected by forest fires, pests and diseases;
- increase the area of forests under sustainable forest management to ensure the permanence of forested areas and generate benefits to owners;
- promoting the establishment, maintenance of commercial forest plantations, and productive diversification.
- Public and private leaders of the government of Mexico and Chiapas
The Low Emissions Sustainable Livestock Action Plan for the State of Chiapas is a tool built by the Low Emissions Livestock Working Group. The objective of the plan is to contribute to an adequate management of the landscape with the strenthening of the intervention axis of livestock activity in the State of Chiapas, in order to reduce the emission of GHGs through prototypes of sustainable low-emission livestock based on the integration of forest arrangements, good livestock management practices, and land management.
- Secretary of Environment and Natural History and Local NGOs