Cross River State plans to develop this centre of excellence to provide a knowledge platform and research hub to enable other States in Nigeria to learn from evidence-based experiences and innovations.
Clean cook stoves & biofuels, solar and energy efficient light bulbs for over 10,000 public and civil servants.
The aim of the project is to reduce emissions from carbon-intensive cooking fuels via encouraging the use of cleaner bio-fuel cook stoves, as well as to encourage the adoption of solar energy and energy efficient lighting for domestic energy requirements. The project has an estimated cost of $ 2,000,000.00, which would be financed by the private sector organization, Avila Technologies Ltd. and implementation to be handled in partnership with the Ministry of Climate Change and Forestry. The project is designed to target well-over 10,000 senior civil servants of Cross River State at the initial stage, and to be scaled-up progressively to capture the entire 18,000 civil service workforce. Beyond the civil servants, the project is intended to ultimately capture the entire State (both rural and urban dwellers).
- MCCF Avila Tech Ltd.
Cross River State, which has more than 50 percent of Nigeria’s remaining tropical high forests, is host to a Community Based REDD+ Programme (CBR+) that promotes forest management and biodiversity conservation, rural livelihoods improvement with focus on climate smart approaches, capacity building for partici-pation in climate change programmes including REDD+, and sustainable energy alternatives. To date, more than 300 households across 21 communities have benefited from the Programme, which targets women, men and youth. The outcomes and experiences from the CBR+ Programme feed into Nigeria’s national REDD+ process. The programme provided a platform for community engagement and facilitated active participation in the national REDD+ processes, particularly in the development of the REDD+ strategy for CRS. Together, the projects cover a range of issues, including i) Sustainable Forest Management/Biodiversity conservation; ii) Capacity Development to engage in climate change mitigation processes, including REDD+; iii) Sustainable Livelihoods to combat poverty; and iv) energy.
Working with civil society groups, the Cross River State CBR+ Programme is aimed at redefining participatory and local-level forest management and conservation, while simultaneously improving rural livelihoods. Through this programme, villagers have improved sustainable management of their community forest and lands by developing management plans and doing reforestation and enrichment planting, including of indigenous timber species and non-timber forest products. One example is bush mango which can yield, by some estimations, up to USD 10,000/hectare annually from sales of mature fruits. Improved processing of cassava and sustainable cultivation of cocoa are also enhancing productivity and increasing household income by at least 10 percent in some of the target communities.
- UN REDD Programme
Collaborative funding initiative of the l’Agence Française de Développement (AFD), Conservation International (CI), the European Union (EU), the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the Government of Japan, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the World Bank. Their shared interest and objective is the conservation of biodiversity hotspots – Earth’s most biologically rich yet threatened areas. Their current programme focuses on 11 countries in the Guinean Forests of West Africa Biodiversity Hotspot, including Nigeria with CRS identified as a priority site.
- l’Agence Française de Développement (AFD)
- Conservation International (CI)
- the European Union (EU)
- the Global Environment Facility (GEF)
- the Government of Japan
- the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
- and the World Bank.
CRS established a robust forest monitoring system with a functional GIS laboratory and facilities to enable an evolutionary process towards a full, nationwide Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system. These facilities have contributed to building the capacity of stakeholders to apply remote sensing and GIS capabilities to monitor forest changes, to generate and interpret data and to perform multiple benefits mapping. 80 sample plots have been established in about 62 local communities to estimate carbon stocks and Emission Factors, and updated MRV database for CRS, including historic &real-time remote-sensing has been put in place. A Forest Carbon Inventory (FCI) Standard Operation Manual has been prepared, produced and printed.
The monitoring system applied a stepwise approach, both spatially and temporally to enable an evolutionary process towards a full, nationwide MRV system as well as a safeguard information system in Phase III, while also being useful in intermediate stages. The work accomplished towards forest monitoring in Cross-River State included, among others, capacity building, system development, technical studies reports and stakeholder engagement and activation. The Activity Data as interpreted, validated and disseminated in the state, will allow field validation for the national level, while the state-levelForest Inventory will provide data to the national REDD+ database, the format provider for the state level. Finally, for the GHG inventory completed with the determination of forest carbon stock change in CRS will allow the verification of the national GHG inventory. Like the MRV components, the data flow for SIS will be two-way, since the federal level will provide the format needed for the safeguards at state level.
The programme collected real-time data at the Cross River State level through a forest carbon inventory beginning in August 2015, which included complementary support through the Governors’ Climate and Forest Task Force (GCF). Preliminary land cover change data/Activity Data (AD) for the AFOLU sector and data for the estimation of Emission Factors (EFs) was developed through a state-level study on drivers of deforestation in 2014 and presented for stakeholder review and validation.
Reduce deforestation and plant 5 million trees yearly.
In 2008, the Government placed a total ban on the logging of woods in the State’s Forest Reserves. Since then,this moratorium has been in force, following the government’s institution of an Anti-deforestation Task Force that has been used to ensure compliance.On assumption of office, the Government of Cross River State, established a whole new Ministry of Climate Change and Forestry to properly deal with the issue of climate change mitigation and adaptation. The Ministry so established was given the mandate to plant five million trees yearly across the State. The Government also engaged 1,000 youths into the Green Sheriff Volunteer Scheme to aggressively combat deforestation. In 2016, the Carbon Emissions Board was established to monitor and regulate emissions within the State.
- YESSO (World Bank)
This system is currently in the process of being designed based on the Country Approach to Safeguards.
5000 residential housing units for resettlement of displaced people of Bakassi LGA of Cross River State.
The project seeks to restore the displaced Bakassi indigenes to their original habitat and occupation of fishing and tidal fish-farming. The project has an estimated cost of about $200,000,000.00 and is funded by the Africa Nations Development Programme, ANDP, in partnership with the Cross River State Government. The 5,000 housing units is being constructed in Ikpa Nkanya village, Akpabuyo Local Government Area of the State, and will benefit the Bakassi refugees who are predominantly fishermen by occupation, thus protecting their rights and livelihoods.
Raise 36,000 hectre of fuelwood lot to enhance the sustainable provision of fuelwood across CR State.
The project has a total project value of $20,810,000. Geographically focused in the States of Cross River, Delta and Kaduna, Fuel Wood Management seeks to reduce GHG emissions from the use of fuelwood in the country’s domestic, institutional and industrial sectors through integrated and sustainable fuelwood production and utilisation, and promotion of sustainable biomass energy technologies using output-based and market-based approachesThe project is designed to comprehensively address one of the major causes of deforestation in Cross River which is unsustainable fuelwood harvesting and Delta states and land degradation and desertification in Kaduna State.The project is also designed to balance the supply and demand for fuelwood through a bottoms-up approach of leveraging private sector resources and provide inclusive financial incentives (start-up loans, matching rebate schemes) and market mechanisms for sustained market supply and demand for energy efficient stoves/kilns and certified fuelwood.
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- Global Environment Facility (GEF)