Total Land Area [1]
237,765 km² 51.8 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
9.7 % 2017
Original Forest Area
213,783 km²
Current Forest Area
123,111 km² 0.862 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
90,672 km²
Total Forest Carbon
1,472 M MtC 0.926 % of Global Total

The Government of Rondônia is increasingly committed to prevention and control of deforestation, understanding that the current agricultural land-use allocations of the State has already reached the limits established in the Socio-Economic and Ecologic Zoning. Rondonia seeks to develop urgent measures to promote actions that reduce pressure on protected areas, including indigenous lands and conservation units, and begin the process of restoring the altered areas of Legal Reserves and Permanent Protection of rural properties.

Rondônia was occupied as a result of the integration policy military government, which intensified in the 1970s and 1980s, implementation of the Integrated Colonization Projects (ICP) and the Directed Settlement Projects (PAD), under the responsibility of the National Agrarian Reform - INCRA. This policy had two objectives: first enable the "modernization of agriculture" in the center-south of the country, mainly for the expansion of soybeans in Paraná, and for beef cattle Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo, expelling thousands of sharecroppers, squatters, lessees, rural workers and small producers who migrated to the agricultural frontier in the Amazon, with Rondônia being an option to life. The second objective was to reduce tensions in the field and maintain social movement of rural workers under state control, hiding misery in the Amazon or in the favelas that widened in the outskirts of big cities. In almost forty years of occupation the population of Rondônia increased from 130,000 inhabitants in 1970 to almost 1,500,000 inhabitants currently.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Elyezer de Oliveira
Delegate, Secretary of Environment
Elias Rezende de Oliveira
Secretary of Environmental Development
Marcos Rocha
Population of State/Province [2]
1,800,000 0.9 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [3]
Urban 73.50 %
Rural 26.50 %
Ethnic Groups [4]
Multi-ethnic 58.00 %
White 34.00 %
Black 7.00 %
Indigenous 1.00 %
State/Province GDP [5]
BRL 38,560,000,000
Annual Per Capita Income [6]
BRL 20,678
Human Development Index [7]
GDP Breakdown [8]
Services 64.10 %
Agriculture, Forestry 23.50 %
Industry 18.30 %
Main Exports [9]
bovine products, soy, tin, corn, wood
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types [10]
Forest 123,029 km²
Pastureland 62,242 km²
Other Land Uses 41,642 km²
Agriculture 36,066 km²
Secondary Vegetation 15,472 km²
Forest Management
Protected 46,915 km²
Unprotected 117 km²
Deforestation Rates [11]
Drivers of Deforestation

Activities related to extensive livestock and agriculture. Infrastructure works and colonization processes undertaken by the Brazilian Government since the 1970s.

(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
TerraClass 2014