Total Land Area
127,347 km² 48.8 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
0.3 % 2017
Original Forest Area
114,191 km²
Current Forest Area
62,200 km² 0.435 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
51,991 km²
Total Forest Carbon
934 M MtC 0.587 % of Global Total
Description

East Kalimantan Province has jurisdiction over a land area of 127,346.99 km² and a marine environment of 25,656 km². It is the fourth largest province in Indonesia after Papua, Central Kalimantan and West Kalimantan. It was sparsely populated with 3.5 million people; half of which lived in rural villages.

The capital of East Kalimantan is Samarindam located on the 1,000km Mahakam River with 1,000 km. East Kalimantan is comprised of lakes and rivers which serve as transport corridors. The longest rivers in the province were Berau River in Berau District and Kendilo River in Paser District. The lakes and rivers play a significant role in shaping the socioeconomic and culture of the East Kalimantan people. Two biggest cities in the East Kalimantan are Samarinda and Balikpapan.

East Kalimantan is rich in natural resources with forest and mineral resources, such as oil, gas, coal, gold and other mineral deposit. East Kalimantan's tropical rainforests are home to a variety of flora and fauna. The size of East Kalimantan forest is 6.8 million hectares consisting of conservation forest (including Kutai National Park), protection and production forest. In addition, East Kalimantan also contains important ecosystems, such as mangroves and karst. Mahakam River Delta is the largest river delta in East Kalimantan dominated by mangrove, nipa palm and pandanus. Sangkulirang-Mangkalihat karst ecosystem is the largest karst ecosystem spanning from Berau to East Kutai Districts with the size of approximately 1.8 million hectares. Sangkulirang-Mangkalihat is an important ecosystem for the maintenance of water reservoir in Berau and East Kutai Districts. It also provides habitat for various species, particularly for orangutan which is currently considered as critically endangered species. The caves within the karst ecosystem contain pre-historic artifacts of high archaeological and cultural values for East Kalimantan people and Indonesia.

East Kalimantan faces serious challenges related to deforestation and forest degradation due to encroachment, illegal logging and mining. To deal with those challenges, as early as 2009, East Kalimantan formulated and declared its commitment for Green East Kalimantan. This was followed by several key initiatives, including efforts to replant and rehabilitate degraded areas through the ‘one man five trees’ program (2010) and declared a moratorium of new licenses of coal mining, palm oil and forest logging (2012). In 2014, East Kalimantan Province was a key signatory of the Rio Branco Declaration. Governor Awang Faroek Ishak has played an important leadership role in the Governor’s Climate and Forests Task Force (GCF), including chairing the GCF for period of 2016-2017 and hosting the 2017 GCF Annual Meeting in Balikpapan.

East Kalimantan has identified drivers of deforestation and forest degradation, set an emission reduction target, and developed a set of strategies to achieve the target. These activities have been reflected in a number of official documents including: the Five-year Development Plans (2008-2013 and 2013-2018), the Provincial Action Plan for Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (2012, updated in 2015), the Environmentally Sustainable Development Strategy (2011), the Provincial Action Plan for Reducing Greenhouse Gases (2013; updated in 2018), the Green Economy Master Plan (2015), and the Climate Change Master Plan (2017). More recently, when the Government of Indonesia selected East Kalimantan as the jurisdiction to participate in the Forest Carbon Partnership Facilities (FCPF), East Kalimantan re-assessed the sources of carbon emissions, updated its emission reduction strategies and activities, and formulated them in the FCPF Emission Reduction Project Document (ERPD).

East Kalimantan Government has been implementing some of those emission reduction strategies but they faced challenges as the financial resources have been limited despite the contribution from the different donor agencies, local and international NGOs. In dealing with this challenge, the East Kalimantan Government led the development of the Green Growth Compact in 2015 as the way to engage broader stakeholders and to enhance resource sharing. The progress has been promising so far. A total of eight public-private-people partnerships have been forged and more partnerships are underway. East Kalimantan nevertheless still needs to identify new funding opportunities to get the emission reduction strategies implemented effectively.

Additional information can found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Contacts
Representative
Daddy Ruhiyat
Head of Provincial Climate Change Council
Representative
Riza Indra Riadi
Head of Environmental Agency
Governor
Isran Noor
Demographics
Population of State/Province [1]
3,576,100 1.5 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [2]
Rural 55.00
 
Urban 45.00
 
Ethnic Groups [3]
Javanese 29.54
 
Other 27.01
 
Bugis 18.26
 
Banjarese 13.94
 
Kutai 9.21
 
Dayak 2.04
 
Economy
State/Province GDP [4]
IDR 501,870,000,000,000
Annual Per Capita Income [5]
IDR 144,830,000
Human Development Index [6]
0.756
GDP Breakdown [7]
Mining & Quarrying 44.91
 
Processing Industry 20.72
 
Construction 8.26
 
Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry & Fisheries 7.62
 
Trade, Hotel & Restaurant 5.06
 
Transport & Communication 3.47
 
Main Exports [8]
Fossil fuels, chemicals, oils and fats, timber and timber products.
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types
Secondary Dryland Forests 40,181
 
Primary Dry Forest 21,902
 
Secondary Mangrove Forest 1,307
 
Secondary Swamp Forest 1,111
 
Primary Mangrove Forest 363
 
Primary Swamp Forest 227
 
Forest Management
Production Forest 30,572
 
Limited Production Forest 29,337
 
Protected forest 18,576
 
Non-Forest Area - Others 10,380
 
Conservation forest 4,418
 
Conversion Production Forest 1,213
 
Non-Forest Area - Estate crops 329
 
Deforestation Rates [9]
Drivers of Deforestation [10]
  1. Overharvesting and illegal logging
  2. Forest encroachment for slash-and-burn agriculture and other forms of agriculture
  3. Land clearing for coal mining
  4. Forest fires
  5. Expansion of monoculture timber plantation, expansion of large scale agriculture (particularly oil palm)
Notes
(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
References
[1]
BPS - Statistics Indonesia, 2010
[2]
Statistics Bureau, East Kalimantan in number, 2017
[3]
BPS,Kaltim dalam angka 2012
[4]
East Kalimantan Work Plan 2017, East Kalimantan Planning Agency
[5]
East Kalimantan Work Plan 2017, East Kalimantan Planning Agency
[6]
[7]
Kaltim dalam angka, BPS 2012
[8]
Kaltim dalam angka, BPS 2012
[9]
Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2018
[10]
Strategi dan Rencana Aksi (SRAP) implementasi REDD+ Kaltim hal 57-72