Total Land Area
97,024 km² 93.3 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
203.8 % 2017
Original Forest Area [1]
91,561 km²
Current Forest Area
90,500 km² 0.633 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
1,061 km²
Total Forest Carbon
1,323 M MtC 0.832 % of Global Total
Description

West Papua (Papua Barat) Covers the two western peninsulas of the island of New Guinea, West Papua is one of Indonesia’s two provinces located in the western part of the island of Papua. The capital is Manokwari, but the largest city is Sorong. The 2010 census recorded a population of 893,362 for the whole province. The total area of the province is approximately 10.0 million hectares, of which 9 million hectares are forest and 1 million hectares are peatland. With forest covering 90% of the total area of the province, West Papua has some of the most pristine primary forests in Indonesia. Plantation and crop area is minimal relative to primary and secondary upland and swamp forest. Over the course of 5 years (2006-2011), degradation rates reached nearly 600 thousand hectares. The deforestation and degradation rate is exceptionally low compared with other Indonesian provinces. The calculation of above ground carbon stock in 2009 amounted to 1,514.79 million tons and was conducted using the Tier-1 methodology based on the IPCC.

The province has tremendous potential, be it agriculture, mining, forest products and tourism. Pearls and seaweed are produced in Raja Ampat district while the only traditional weaving industry called Timor cloth is produced in Sorong Selatan district. Pure fragrant nutmeg can be obtained in Fak-Fak district. In addition, nature tourism is also one of the mainstays of West Papua, such as Cenderawasih Bay National Park located in Teluk Wondama district. After decades of top-down government management of forestry operations, with little consultation with affected communities, many indigenous communities in Papua and West Papua are far from clear about their rights to land and natural resources. 80% of the indigenous communities are in rural areas and 70% of these are officially classified as poor, with little access to information on government plans for their natural resources.

At the Green Governors Gala COP 13 (2007) in Bali, in front of the world’s political and business leaders, The Governors of Papua and West Papua expressed their support for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, or REDD+. The strategic issues raised in the SRAP document (Provincial Strategy and Action Plan) include (1) Increasing and aligning provincial conservation policies; (2) Accelerating establishment and operation of forest management units (KPH); (3) Addressing uncertainty of customary community rights; (4) Implementation of a community-based forest management paradigm; and (5) The policy of limiting the sale of logs to outside West Papua. The objectives of the implementation of the REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan in West Papua Province are (1) Reduce degradation and deforestation due to conversion of forest land and forest area functions; (2) Increase efforts to rehabilitate degraded land and development of community plantations; and (3) Improve forest and land governance and management through the implementation of development of Forest Management Units (KPH).

More information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Contacts
Representative
Charlie Heatubun
Head of Provincial Research and Development Agency
Representative
Fredrik Hendrik Runaweri
Head of Forestry Agency
Governor
Dominggus Mandacan
Demographics
Population of State/Province [2]
893,362 0.4 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [3]
Rural 74.70
 
Urban 25.30
 
Ethnic Groups
Other 18.60
 
Javanese 14.76
 
Arfak 9.18
 
Biak-Numfor 7.47
 
Ayfat 6.06
 
Buginese 5.32
 
Ambonese 4.37
 
Butonese 4.13
 
Baham 2.94
 
Yapen 2.49
 
Mooi 2.40
 
Makassarese 2.26
 
Kei/Evav 2.20
 
Tehit 2.12
 
Toraja 1.81
 
Minahasa 1.79
 
Wandamen 1.79
 
Irahutu 1.57
 
Kokoda 1.33
 
Seram 1.26
 
Inanwatan 1.18
 
Wamesa 1.16
 
Flores 1.00
 
Batak 0.95
 
Sundanese 0.95
 
Ternate 0.90
 
Economy
State/Province GDP [4]
IDR 71,800,000,000,000
Annual Per Capita Income [5]
USD 5,967
Human Development Index [6]
70.620
GDP Breakdown [7]
Processing Industry 28.76
 
Mining & Quarrying 19.49
 
Construction 13.95
 
Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry & Fisheries 10.82
 
Trade, Hotel & Restaurant 6.73
 
Services 4.83
 
Transport & Communication 4.12
 
Main Exports [8]
Oil and gas, fish, shrimp, jewelery, wood, metals, cacao
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types
Primary Dry Forest 48,607
 
Secondary Dryland Forests 28,335
 
Primary Swamp Forest 6,657
 
Shrubs 3,951
 
Primary Mangrove Forest 3,637
 
Savannah 1,596
 
Secondary Mangrove Forest 1,156
 
Crops 998
 
Secondary Swamp Forest 870
 
Plantation 568
 
Forest Management
Conservation Areas 26,397
 
Production Forest 21,861
 
Limited Production Forest 17,774
 
Protected forest 16,277
 
Conversion Production Forest 14,727
 
Deforestation Rates [9]
Drivers of Deforestation
  1. Mining
  2. Plantations
  3. Infrastructure development
  4. Illegal logging and logging concession activity
Notes
(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
References
[1]
Potret Keadaan Hutan Indonesia 2000-2009 oleh Forest Watch Indonesia
[2]
Papua Barat Dalam Angka 2015
[3]
Papua Barat Dalam Angka 2012, hal. 88, BPS Papua Barat
[4]
BPS 2016
[5]
BPS - Statistics Indonesia , 2016
[6]
Central Statistic Bureau, Analyzed from SUSENAS 2011-2013
[7]
West Papua in Number 2015, West Papua Statistic Central Bureau
[8]
Official Statistic Announcement, West Papua Central Statistic Bureau
[9]
Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2018