Total Land Area
97,024 km² 93.3 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
203.8 % 2017
Original Forest Area [1]
91,561 km²
Current Forest Area
90,500 km² 0.633 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
1,061 km²
Total Forest Carbon
1,323 M MtC 0.832 % of Global Total

West Papua (Papua Barat) Covers the two western peninsulas of the island of New Guinea, West Papua is one of Indonesia’s two provinces located in the western part of the island of Papua. The capital is Manokwari, but the largest city is Sorong. The 2010 census recorded a population of 893,362 for the whole province. The total area of the province is approximately 10.0 million hectares, of which 9 million hectares are forest and 1 million hectares are peatland. With forest covering 90% of the total area of the province, West Papua has some of the most pristine primary forests in Indonesia. Plantation and crop area is minimal relative to primary and secondary upland and swamp forest. Over the course of 5 years (2006-2011), degradation rates reached nearly 600 thousand hectares. The deforestation and degradation rate is exceptionally low compared with other Indonesian provinces. The calculation of above ground carbon stock in 2009 amounted to 1,514.79 million tons and was conducted using the Tier-1 methodology based on the IPCC.

The province has tremendous potential, be it agriculture, mining, forest products and tourism. Pearls and seaweed are produced in Raja Ampat district while the only traditional weaving industry called Timor cloth is produced in Sorong Selatan district. Pure fragrant nutmeg can be obtained in Fak-Fak district. In addition, nature tourism is also one of the mainstays of West Papua, such as Cenderawasih Bay National Park located in Teluk Wondama district. After decades of top-down government management of forestry operations, with little consultation with affected communities, many indigenous communities in Papua and West Papua are far from clear about their rights to land and natural resources. 80% of the indigenous communities are in rural areas and 70% of these are officially classified as poor, with little access to information on government plans for their natural resources.

At the Green Governors Gala COP 13 (2007) in Bali, in front of the world’s political and business leaders, The Governors of Papua and West Papua expressed their support for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, or REDD+. The strategic issues raised in the SRAP document (Provincial Strategy and Action Plan) include (1) Increasing and aligning provincial conservation policies; (2) Accelerating establishment and operation of forest management units (KPH); (3) Addressing uncertainty of customary community rights; (4) Implementation of a community-based forest management paradigm; and (5) The policy of limiting the sale of logs to outside West Papua. The objectives of the implementation of the REDD+ Strategy and Action Plan in West Papua Province are (1) Reduce degradation and deforestation due to conversion of forest land and forest area functions; (2) Increase efforts to rehabilitate degraded land and development of community plantations; and (3) Improve forest and land governance and management through the implementation of development of Forest Management Units (KPH).

More information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Prof. Charlie D. Heatubun
Head of Provincial Research & Development Agency
Fredrik Hendrik Runaweri
Head of Forestry Agency
Dominggus Mandacan
Population of State/Province [2]
893,362 0.4 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [3]
Rural 74.70 %
Urban 25.30 %
Ethnic Groups
Other 18.60 %
Javanese 14.76 %
Arfak 9.18 %
Biak-Numfor 7.47 %
Ayfat 6.06 %
Buginese 5.32 %
Ambonese 4.37 %
Butonese 4.13 %
Baham 2.94 %
Yapen 2.49 %
Mooi 2.40 %
Makassarese 2.26 %
Kei/Evav 2.20 %
Tehit 2.12 %
Toraja 1.81 %
Minahasa 1.79 %
Wandamen 1.79 %
Irahutu 1.57 %
Kokoda 1.33 %
Seram 1.26 %
Inanwatan 1.18 %
Wamesa 1.16 %
Flores 1.00 %
Batak 0.95 %
Sundanese 0.95 %
Ternate 0.90 %
State/Province GDP [4]
IDR 71,800,000,000,000
Annual Per Capita Income [5]
USD 5,967
Human Development Index [6]
GDP Breakdown [7]
Processing Industry 28.76 %
Mining & Quarrying 19.49 %
Construction 13.95 %
Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry & Fisheries 10.82 %
Trade, Hotel & Restaurant 6.73 %
Services 4.83 %
Transport & Communication 4.12 %
Main Exports [8]
Oil and gas, fish, shrimp, jewelery, wood, metals, cacao
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types
Primary Dry Forest 48,607 km²
Secondary Dryland Forests 28,335 km²
Primary Swamp Forest 6,657 km²
Shrubs 3,951 km²
Primary Mangrove Forest 3,637 km²
Savannah 1,596 km²
Secondary Mangrove Forest 1,156 km²
Crops 998 km²
Secondary Swamp Forest 870 km²
Plantation 568 km²
Forest Management
Conservation Areas 26,397 km²
Production Forest 21,861 km²
Limited Production Forest 17,774 km²
Protected forest 16,277 km²
Conversion Production Forest 14,727 km²
Deforestation Rates [9]
Drivers of Deforestation
  1. Mining
  2. Plantations
  3. Infrastructure development
  4. Illegal logging and logging concession activity
(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
Potret Keadaan Hutan Indonesia 2000-2009 oleh Forest Watch Indonesia
Papua Barat Dalam Angka 2015
Papua Barat Dalam Angka 2012, hal. 88, BPS Papua Barat
BPS 2016
BPS - Statistics Indonesia , 2016
Central Statistic Bureau, Analyzed from SUSENAS 2011-2013
West Papua in Number 2015, West Papua Statistic Central Bureau
Official Statistic Announcement, West Papua Central Statistic Bureau
Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2018