Total Land Area [1]
57,924 km² 70.1 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
Original Forest Area [2]
48,679 km²
Current Forest Area [3]
40,591 km² 0.284 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
8,088 km²
Total Forest Carbon
216 M MtC 0.136 % of Global Total
Description [4]

The territory of the state of Campeche has an area of 56,859 km², of which 76.2% is still a mosaic of forests in relatively good condition. The state has the largest mangrove area (197,000 ha) in Mexico, equivalent to 30% of the national total. These forests and mangroves have the highest carbon storage capacity, greater than 100 MgCl / ha (Government of the State of Campeche, 2012b). Campeche has the largest protected area (2,278,765.59 ha) through Protected Natural Areas (ANP) in the Yucatan Peninsula, representing 40% of the state's surface. The good state of conservation and connectivity of the states of Campeche, Yucatan and Quintana Roo, with the forests of Guatemala and Belize in Central America, make the forests of Campeche one of the survival areas of threatened and endangered species with special requirements such as felines (jaguar and puma), or ones that perform local "migrations" (such as birds or butterflies). Recent studies in Mexico infer that the forests of Campeche probably maintain the largest populations of species such as the jaguar (Panthera onca), the tapir (Tapirus bairdii), the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari), the howler monkey (Alouatta spp), the spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi), the elegant eagle (Spizaetus ornatus), the king vulture (Sarcoramphus papa), the ocellated turkey (Meleagris ocellata ) and snout (Craxrubra) (Government of the State of Campeche, 2012b).

Most of the territory of Campeche is characterized by a subhumid climate and a dense tropical forest. There is also a lowland region with lakes and rivers. The "milpa" system, which predominates in the state, requires a deep understanding of specific ecological systems, including the cycles of several plants and the rain cycle, as well as the fallow period required by their soils. Hunting and gathering are complementary subsistence activities. Local natural resources are used as materials to build houses and for energy needs. Together, these activities, along with forestry and livestock activities, have had a devastating impact on tropical forests, and attempts are being made to reverse the impact through sustainable development programs focused on reforestation and wildlife management. The State of Campeche faces a great challenge in the face of the potential effects of climate change and the phenomena of deforestation and forest degradation. The preservation policy has led to the creation of several protected areas, including the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, notable for the number of indigenous migrants living within the 723,185 hectares of forest in the reserve and also for plans to develop opportunities for Ecological and archaeological tourism.

More information can be fond on the GCF Impact Platform.

Roberto Alcalá Ferráez
Secretary of Environment & Natural Resources
Martha San Roman Montero
Director of Environmental Policy, SEMARNATCAM
Alejandro Moreno Cárdenas
Population of State/Province [5]
822,441 0.7 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [6]
Urban 74.60 %
Rural 25.40 %
Ethnic Groups [7]
Maya 77.00 %
Chol 10.00 %
Other 7.00 %
Tzeltal 2.00 %
Kanjobal 1.80 %
Mame 1.10 %
State/Province GDP [8]
MXN 269,539,000,000
Annual Per Capita Income [9]
MXN 957,623
Human Development Index [10]
GDP Breakdown [11]
Industry, Mining 81.80 %
Services 17.10 %
Agriculture, Forestry 1.10 %
Main Exports [12]
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types [13]
Primary Perrenial 25,691 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest 7,759 km²
Primary Deciduous 2,439 km²
Secondary Perennial Forest 2,384 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle 800 km²
Secondary Deciduous 346 km²
Secondary Encino Forest 8 km²
Forest Management [14]
Ejido 28,391 km²
Protected Area 19,403 km²
Deforestation Rates [15]
Drivers of Deforestation

Deforestation is mainly driven by conversion to pasture land and to a lesser extent by agricultural land. A lack of forestry related economic activities is an indirect driver of deforestation.

(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
INEGI. Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010. Panorama sociodemográfico de Campeche. 2011.
INEGI, 2013. Volumen y crecimiento. Población total por entidad federativa, 1895 a 2010
EPRI, 2012. Overview of Subnational Programs to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) as Part of the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force, Palo Alto.
Anuario estadístico. Campeche, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011 Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587 Formato: Electrónico
Anuario estadístico. Campeche, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011 Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587 Formato: Electrónico
PNUD. El índice de desarrollo humano en México: cambios metodológicos e información para las entidades federativas. 2012
calculated using values derived from INEGI, 2013,
INEGI.Perspectiva Estadística. Serie por Entidad Federativa. México.
ERPD annexes