Total Land Area [1]
73,289 km² 46.8 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
Original Forest Area [2]
47,047 km²
Current Forest Area [3]
34,328 km² 0.240 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
12,719 km²
Total Forest Carbon
232 M MtC 0.146 % of Global Total

Chiapas is the eighth largest state in Mexico, with an area of 73,282 km², which represents 3.8% of the total area of Mexico. It has a rich biodiversity with cloud forests, temperate, natural and induced grasslands, humid, tropical, and sub-humid areas and tropical rainforest (INEGI, 2010). These different types of forests cover 42% of the total area of the state (PACCCH, 2011). As a result, 30% of Mexico's surface waters are located in Chiapas. It also has 47 Natural Protected Areas covering 19.8% of the total surface area of the state (SEMAHN, 2010).

In 2009, the state government launched the Climate Change Action Program for the State of Chiapas (PACCCH), with the participation of many local and national actors. PACCCH generated an analysis of deforestation and forest degradation in the state and created projections for the future, as well as a state inventory of greenhouse gases. The institutional and legal framework for mitigation and adaptation to climate change was created through the publication of the Adaptation and Mitigation to Climate Change that established the Inter-institutional Climate Change Coordination Commission of the State of Chiapas, a group of 15 state government agencies with responsibility for implementation. In a certain sense, the development and implementation of adaptation and mitigation policies is a result of the participation of many actors of organized civil society.

The Technical Advisory Board of REDD + (CTC REDD + CH), officially established in 2011, is currently working with the Ministry of Environment and Natural History on the regulations for climate change and the development of the State REDD+ strategy, with input from civil society organizations, dederal agencies, and academic institutions in Chiapas. The objective is to issue a state REDD+ strategy in 2013, and a REDD+ regional strategy for 2015. The state is working to align its efforts with the National Vision for REDD+ and the National REDD+ Strategy, in this sense, attending meetings with the Technical Council REDD+ National Consultative and aligning efforts on issues of: safeguards, goals and processes, Monitoring, Reporting and Verification, and institutional and legal frameworks.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Maria del Rosario Bonifaz Alfonzo
Secretary of the Environment and Natural History
Rutilio Escandón
Population of State/Province [4]
4,796,580 4.3 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [5]
Rural 52.00 %
Urban 48.00 %
Ethnic Groups [6]
Mestizo 77.42 %
Tzeltal 9.00 %
Tzotzil 8.20 %
Chol 3.80 %
Zoques 1.10 %
Tojolabales 1.06 %
Other 0.50 %
State/Province GDP [7]
MXN 320,470,000,000
Annual Per Capita Income [8]
MXN 66,764
Human Development Index [9]
GDP Breakdown [10]
Services 78.00 %
Industry, Mining 13.00 %
Agriculture, Forestry 9.00 %
Main Exports
real estate, agriculture, forestry, industry, mining, construction
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types
Primary Perrenial 12,303 km²
Conifer Forest Primary 4,379 km²
Primary Mesophytic Forest 4,309 km²
Secondary Perennial Forest 3,409 km²
Secondary Deciduous 2,238 km²
Secondary Mesophytic Foresty 1,823 km²
Primary Encino Forest 1,328 km²
Secondary Encino Forest 999 km²
Primary Deciduous 869 km²
Secondary Coniferous 355 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest 160 km²
Forest Management [11]
Ejido 27,677 km²
Protected Area 10,521 km²
Deforestation Rates [12]
Drivers of Deforestation

Changes in land use are caused by conversion to grazing pastures and agriculture. Other factors that contribute to deforestation (from the regression analysis in PACCCH, 2011) include: population density, distance to roads, distance to cities / towns, distances from agricultural or livestock areas, and slopes.

(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
INEGI, 2013. Volumen y crecimiento. Población total por entidad federativa, 1895 a 2010
Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD, 2010): El Indice de Desarrollo Humano en México: cambios metodológicos e información para las entidades federativas
Anuario estadístico. Chiapas, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011, Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587 Formato: Electrónico