Total Land Area [1]
44,598 km² 80.7 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
Original Forest Area [2]
39,853 km²
Current Forest Area [3]
35,997 km² 0.252 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
3,856 km²
Total Forest Carbon
162 M MtC 0.102 % of Global Total
Description [4]

The state of Quintana Roo is located in the eastern part of the Mexican Republic, with its boundary to the east with the Caribbean Sea, to the north with the Gulf of Mexico and the state of Yucatan, to the west with the state of Campeche and to the south with Belize and Guatemala along a border of just over 180 km. The territory is approximately 5 million hectares occupying the 19th place in territorial extension in Mexico, although there is a territorial dispute with Campeche for just over 1/2 million hectares. The state has approximately 1000 km of coastline and 10 municipalities. Of the little more than 5 million hectares of state territory, around 4,160,000 hectares are currently covered by dense vegetation.

The three states of the Yucatan Peninsula (Campeche, Quintana Roo and Yucatán) share similar ecological and social characteristics, which allows us to analyze certain dynamics jointly. In the Yucatan Peninsula, most of the natural forest is tropical (mainly of medium height and lowlands, with very few areas of the mountain forest) and parts of this area are high meadows (secondary or replacement forest, which is part of a long rotation of the milpa farming system). Currently there are different estimates of the evaluation of deforestation rates due to the different forest definitions, methods, time periods studied and scales of analysis (Rueda, 2010). Most of the studies focus on the loss and partial recovery of forest cover, paying attention to the central and southern regions of the Peninsula (Turner et al., 2004; Bray and Klepeis, 2005; Vester et al., 2007; Ellis and Porter-Bolland, 2008), probably related to the fact that this part of the Peninsula is designated a biological corridor.

For the period from 1993 to 2002, the predominant process in Quintana Roo was the degradation of the perennial tropical forests. Quintana Roo registered a higher rate of degradation than deforestation. Between 2002 and 2007 there was a significant trend toward human settlements and infrastructure, which was an important factor in deforestation.

More information can be found in the Impact Platform of the GCF.

Alfredo Arellano Guillermo
Secretary of Ecology & Environment
Rafael Robles de Benítez
Climate Change Director
Carlos Joaquín Gonzáles
Population of State/Province [5]
1,625,464 1.4 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [6]
Urban 88.00 %
Rural 12.00 %
Ethnic Groups [7]
Other 90.00 %
Maya 0.10 %
Chol 0.01 %
Kanjobal 0.01 %
Tzotzil 0.01 %
State/Province GDP [8]
MXN 262,825
Annual Per Capita Income [9]
MXN 171,795
Human Development Index [10]
GDP Breakdown [11]
Services 86.00 %
Industry, Mining 13.00 %
Agriculture, Forestry 1.00 %
Main Exports [12]
Manufacturas e industria alimentaria
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types
Primary Perrenial 28,839 km²
Secondary Perennial Forest 3,471 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest 2,587 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle 230 km²
Primary Deciduous 43 km²
Forest Management [13]
Ejido 27,942 km²
Protected Area 3,129 km²
Deforestation Rates [14]
Drivers of Deforestation
  1. Extensive livestock farming with the use of induced and cultivated pastures;
  2. Mechanized agriculture;
  3. RTQ traditional agriculture;
  4. Poor application of forest management due to deficiencies in the organization and technical capacities;
  5. Jungles without plans and programs of forest management;
  6. Deficient capacity of the organizations in community rural development;
  7. Low profitability of the forestry activities in front of the agribusinesses; and
  8. Deficient institutional coordination in the alignment and application of public policies.
(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
Secretaría de Desarrollo Económico