Total Land Area [1]
39,189 km² 65.0 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
Original Forest Area [2]
33,441 km²
Current Forest Area [3]
25,475 km² 0.178 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
7,966 km²
Total Forest Carbon
71 M MtC 0.045 % of Global Total
Description [4]

Yucatán is a state located in the southeast region of Mexico, in what is known as the Yucatan Peninsula. Its territory has an area of 39,583 km², which represents 2.02% of the nation. The predominant climate is warm subhumid with rain in summer, the average annual temperature is 26° C with an average maximum of 36° C and an average minimum of 16° C. It has a privileged geographical location between the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, which gives it great environmental and biological heterogeneity, which is reflected in the richness of its natural resources and biodiversity. About 26.09% of its territory (10,333.0016 km²) is under protected status.

In the socio-cultural sphere, the State has a strong influence from the Mayan culture, observed not only in the numerous archaeological vestiges, but also in the roots of local customs and traditions; and the presence of a considerable indigenous population. The economy of Yucatan is mainly based on the tertiary sector of trade which is the greatest contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the State, followed to a lesser degree by the industrial and construction sector; and the primary sector (agriculture and livestock).

More information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Sayda Melina Rodríguez Gómez
Secretary of Urban Development & Environment
Roberto Illich Vallejo Molina
Director of Planning & Policies for Sustainability
Mauricio Vila Dosal
Population of State/Province [5]
2,097,175 1.9 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [6]
Urban 61.50 %
Rural 38.50 %
Ethnic Groups
State/Province GDP [7]
MXN 279,511,000,000
Annual Per Capita Income [8]
MXN 109,970
Human Development Index [9]
GDP Breakdown [10]
Services 64.30 %
Industry, Mining 23.50 %
Agriculture, Forestry 10.90 %
Main Exports [11]
The Yucatan products that have the highest demand according to SAGARPA are watermelon, cucumber, lemon and beef.
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types [12]
Primary Deciduous 6,358 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle 4,024 km²
Secondary Deciduous 2,052 km²
Primary Perrenial 629 km²
Secondary Perennial Forest 306 km²
Forest Management [13]
Ejido 21,972 km²
Protected Area 6,319 km²
Deforestation Rates [14]
Drivers of Deforestation

Yucatán ranks sixth nationally among the states with the most deforestation. In the last 24 years, it has lost approximately 30% of its vegetation cover. According to the information provided by recent studies conducted in the territory, the main causes of deforestation are associated with the growth of agricultural activities, where livestock contributes between 47 and 51% of the loss of plant cover, followed by rainfed agriculture with 33 to 36% and to a lesser extent mechanized agricultural expansion, forest fires, fruit expansion, human settlements, the expansion of road infrastructure, and agro-industry.

The loss of 2,849.5804 km² of forests from 2005-2013, has had a high cost in ecological terms as well as economic and social profitability.

It is important to highlight that the causes of deforestation do not impact the State equally, since there is a spatial variation between regions as can be observed in the northeast of Yucatan where the predominant productive activity is livestock, compared to the Oriente region where the predominant activity is small-scale commercial agriculture and subsistence agriculture. This differentiation can be attributed to socioeconomic factors that have historically favored the prevalence of certain productive activities.

(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
Conociendo Yucatán Quinta Edición, INEGI 2016.
Panorama sociodemográfico de México,INEGI 2015.án31000
FUENTE: INEGI. Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010.
INEGI, 2015. Panorama sociodemográfico de Yucatán. Encuesta Intercensal 2015. 228 pp.
Índice de Desarrollo Humano para las entidades federativas, México 2015. PNUD,2015.
Yucatán, Informe PROMEXICO Inversión y Comercio, Secretaría de Economía, 2016.
Oportunidades de mercado para Yucatán 2009. SAGARPA,2009.
Elaboración propia con datos de la carta de uso de suelo y vegetación (INEGI, 2016). Homologado a los tipos de vegetación dispuestos en la tabla N°52 (categorías que se incluyen en tierras forestales) del documento de la Iniciativa de Reducción de Emisiones (IRE, 2016).