Total Land Area [1]
39,249 km² 72.6 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
0.8 % 2016
Original Forest Area [2]
29,170 km²
Current Forest Area
28,476 km² 0.199 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
694 km²
Total Forest Carbon
226 M MtC 0.142 % of Global Total

While the region of Amazonas has historically low deforestation rates, it faces several challenges in forest management. The region hosts several native communities(including Awajun, Aguaruna and Wampis) that depend on timber and non-timber forest resources, as well as the provision of ecosystem services to maintain their livelihoods.

Amazonas has taken steps to improve the management of its forests by creating a Regional Environmental Authority through Regional Ordinance No. 327- REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AMZONAS / CR, dated 17 May 2013, and implementing a Regional Conservation System adopted by Regional Ordinance No. 235 – REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AMAZONAS / CR, dated 05 June 20 09. However, there are pending challenges such as the design of a forest conservation strategy at the regional level, as well as improving management for the sustainable use of forest resources (especially forests in native communities), and increasing external financing through international cooperation to support these initiatives.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Luis Alberto Jaramillo Llontop
Manager of Economic Development
Segundo Humberto Sopla Bacalla
Manager of Planning & Budget
Oscar Altamirano Quispe
Population of State/Province
424,952 1.4 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [3]
Rural 55.00 %
Urban 45.00 %
Ethnic Groups
Aguaruna (Aguajun) 43,896
Huambisa 8,257
State/Province GDP [4]
PEN 2,797,856
Annual Per Capita Income [5]
PEN 6,566
Human Development Index [6]
GDP Breakdown [7]
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry 32.03 %
Other sectors 26.55 %
Other service sectors 19.62 %
Commerce 11.54 %
Building 10.26 %
Main Exports
Cocoa beans, unroasted and decaffeinated coffee, copper ores and concentrates
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types [8]
Intervening Areas 11,240 km²
Andean forests with medium and large trees in high mountains 8,742 km²
Forests with medium-sized trees of low mountains, eastern sub-Andean 8,543 km²
Others 6,165 km²
Sub-Andean forests of steep high mountains 2,728 km²
Sub-Andean forests with medium and large trees in low mountains 2,450 km²
Dense sub-Andean forests with large and medium trees in low hills 2,182 km²
Forest Management [9]
Native titled communities 14,678 km²
National Protected Areas 3,868 km²
Private Conservation Areas - ACP 1,072 km²
Concessions for conservation 529 km²
Areas of Environmental Conservation - ACA 261 km²
Regional Conservation Areas 0 km²
Deforestation Rates [10]
Drivers of Deforestation [11]

There are no official studies on the factors that drive deforestation in Amazonas. According to the monitoring project of the Peruvian Amazon, during 2017 in the district of Nieva- the area with the highest level of deforestation in Amazonas - it is pointed out that the cause of deforestation is agricultural activity.

(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
MINAM Geobosques, Information on forest cover in 2001
Mapa de vegetacion del MINAM (2016)
Elaboracion propia basada en informacion proporcionada por el Gobierno Regional de Amazonas
Monitoring of the Andean Amazon Project, MAAP # 78: Deforestation Hotspots in the Peruvian Amazon, 2017,