Total Land Area [1]
36,850 km² 42.9 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
20.6 % 2016
Original Forest Area [2]
18,540 km²
Current Forest Area [3]
15,818 km² 0.111 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
2,722 km²
Total Forest Carbon
108 M MtC 0.068 % of Global Total

The Region of Huánuco is located in the central part of the country, between the coordinates UTM 245 023.56 E - 553 462.16 E and 8 840 082.91 N - 9 080 734.01 N. It includes areas of the Andes, high forests, low forests, and tropical forests. The Cordillera Blanca occupies part of its northwest territory with the Cordillera de Huayhuash, the Nudo de Pasco to the south, the Cordillera de Raura on the border with Lima, and the Cordillera Azul forming a watershed between the Huallaga and Ucayali rivers.

The Huánuco region has an area of 36,850 km², with 867,272 inhabitants in 2016 according to INEI. This represents 2.7% of the national population of Peru.

The regions is neighbored by La Libertad, San Martin and Ucayali to the north, east Ucayali region, and to the south by the regions of Pasco and Lima, and to the west by Ancash. The region ranges from 167 to 6334 meters above sea level, with the capitol city situated at 1,894 meters above sea level.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Luis Augusto Briceño Jara
Regional General Manager
Isidro Teodolfo Enciso Gutiérrez
Regional Manager of Natural Resources & Environmental Management
Juan Manuel Alvarado Cornelio
Population of State/Province [4]
872,523 2.8 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [5]
Rural 0.61 %
Urban 0.39 %
Ethnic Groups
Amuesha (Yanesha) 980
Asheninka 712
Cashibo-Cacataibo 499
Shipibo-Conibo 403
State/Province GDP [6]
PEN 5,319,000
Annual Per Capita Income [7]
PEN 6,139
Human Development Index [8]
GDP Breakdown
Other sectors 40.92 %
Other service sectors 19.49 %
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry 16.52 %
Commerce 12.22 %
Building 10.85 %
Main Exports [9]
Cocoa (grain, powder, butter, liquor and cover), fresh flowers
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types
Others 37,070 km²
Non-forested areas 8,858 km²
Hill forests 2,799 km²
Andean agriculture 2,055 km²
Terraced forests 1,404 km²
Mountain forests 1,264 km²
Flooded forest 17 km²
Forest Management [10]
National Protected Areas 16 km²
Timber forest concessions 12 km²
Native titled communities 9 km²
Private Conservation Areas - ACP 1 km²
Deforestation Rates [11]
Drivers of Deforestation

Causes of deforestation in Huánuco include include agricultural activities, forest fires and diseases, and the uncontrolled felling of trees. A substantial driver in some areas is illegal mining, which is particularly prevalent in the province of Puerto Inca, where it is responsible 16% of the loss in vegetation cover.

At present, the deforestation of tropical forests is a real threat. In Huánuco the rates of deforestation in have been much more intense in dry and semi-arid areas, especially in the mountains. This is likely due to the fact that drier areas and higher altitudes in Huanuco are more suitable for livestock production. The soils of these regions, in general, are richer and easier to cultivate than the old soils of the tropical plains, which are largely depleted of nutrients and have restrictions in place to prevent agricultural expansion.

One of these consequences of deforestation in Huánuco is the release of forest carbon into the atmosphere. Deforestation also leads to a loss in water retention, and increases the impact of droughts in the region.

(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
Geobosques Platform based on the year 2001.
Geobosques 2016
Data obtained from the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics
National Institute of Statistics and Informatics. Values at Constant Prices of 2007
Jurisdictional profiles of the member regions of the Group of Governors for Climate and Forests in Peru. Alternate Development Mechanisms, Lima: 2018
Jurisdictional profiles of the member regions of the Group of Governors for Climate and Forests in Peru. Alternate Development Mechanisms, Lima: 2018