Total Land Area [1]
85,183 km² 93.4 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
3.9 % 2016
Original Forest Area [2]
81,099 km²
Current Forest Area [3]
79,529 km² 0.557 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
1,570 km²
Total Forest Carbon
796 M MtC 0.501 % of Global Total
Description [4]

The Madre de Dios Region is located in the south-eastern Peru, bordered to the north by Ucayali and Brazil, to the west by Cusco, and to the south by Puno, and to the east by Bolivia and Brazil. The region spans 85,301 km², representing 6.6% of the national territory and 15.3% of the forest.

Provinces in Madre de Dios include Tambopata (42.58% of the departmental area), Manu (32.54%) and Tahuamanu (24.88%). It is mainly covered by subtropical forests where various productive activities are carried out, including the extraction of gold, wood and chestnuts. Recently the region has invested in ecotourism.

Due to its remote location the regions has faced limited access to communication and transportation infrastructure, which has isolated it from the rest of the country and limited economic development.

The region is endowed with a great potential in natural resources, and is considered the "Peruvian capital of the biodiversity". There are three important protected areas: the Manu National Park, the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park and the Tambopata National Reserve.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Ernesto Walter Heredia Martínez
Director of International Technical Cooperation
Héctor Vilchez Baldeon
Regional Manager of Natural Resources & Environmental Management
Luis Guillermo Hidalgo Okimura
Population of State/Province [5]
142,889 0.5 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [6]
Urban 76.00 %
Rural 24.00 %
Ethnic Groups
Amarakaeri 1,043
Matsiguenga 705
Ese’ejja 588
Piro 507
Shipibo-Conibo 301
Huachipaeri 258
Pukirieri 168
Kichwaruna 116
Arazaeri 87
Toyoeri-Amahuaca-Matsiguenga 77
Toyoeri-Shipibo-Conibo-Ese’ejja-Arazaeri-Matsiguenga 48
Kisamberi-Sapitieri-Amarakaeri 47
Amahuaca 40
Marinahua 20
State/Province GDP [7]
PEN 2,665,000
Annual Per Capita Income [8]
PEN 18,972
Human Development Index [9]
GDP Breakdown
Oil and Mining 46.53 %
Other sectors 23.39 %
Other service sectors 12.93 %
Commerce 10.49 %
Building 6.66 %
Main Exports [10]
Gold, Timber, Brazil nuts
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types [11]
Mixed communities of bamboos, or mixed pacales, associated with scattered trees in hills 24,565 km²
Others 23,152 km²
Dense semi-deciduous forests in hills 14,463 km²
Dense semi-deciduous forests in plains 13,143 km²
Mixed communities of bamboos, or mixed pacales, associated with scattered trees in plains 5,032 km²
Arboreal swamp communities (renacales and palm groves) 4,830 km²
Forest Management [12]
National Protected Areas 39,874 km²
Non-timber forest concessions 10,576 km²
Timber forest concessions 8,840 km²
Concessions for conservation 1,907 km²
Ecotourism concessions 354 km²
Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation 123 km²
Private Conservation Areas - ACP 36 km²
Deforestation Rates [13]
Drivers of Deforestation [14]

Currently, in Madre de Dios there is no specialized study to develop and quantify the drivers of deforestation. However, according to the Biological Diversity Strategy 2021 of Madre de Dios, the causes of deforestation are "illegal logging, mining, land use change, urban growth, and hydrocarbon and infrastructure activities and invasions".

(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
Plataforma Geobosques MINAM, área de bosque del año 2001
Geobosques 2016
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática.
INEI, 2012. Distribución de la Población Rural y Urbana Proyectada
INEI - Informe Técnico Agosto 2010
Perfiles jurisdiccionales de las regiones integrantes del Grupo de los Gobernadores por el Clima y los Bosques en el Perú
UNDP, 2013. Human Development Report. The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World, New York
Fuente: Inforeme Forestal 2008. IDE Gobierno Regional Madre de Dios
Estrategia de Diversidad Biológica al 2021, 1era edición. Puerto Maldonado: 2015.
Biological Diversity Strategy 2021 of Madre de Dios