Total Land Area [1]
35,658 km² 1.2 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
78.6 % 2016
Original Forest Area [2]
445 km²
Current Forest Area [3]
420 km² 0.003 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
25 km²
Total Forest Carbon
1 M MtC 0.001 % of Global Total

The Piura Region is located in the North-Western zone of Peru, between latitude South 4º04'50 "and 6º22'10" and longitude West 79º13'15 "and 81º19'35"; at a distance of 981 km from the city of Lima. Its territorial extension is 35,892km², which represents 2.79% of the country's territory.

At a political-administrative level, the region is divided into 08 provinces: Piura, Sullana, Talara, Paita, Sechura, Morropón, Huancabamba and Ayabaca. Within these 8 provinces lie 65 districts.

The climate of the department of Piura is varied. The coast is warm with high temperatures throughout the year, which fluctuate between 34.2ºC and 15ºC. In the mountains, the climate is mild with seasonal rainfalls. The region is particularly prone to effects from El Niño Southern Oscillation, which may be exacerbated by climate change.

Piura is a region with a unique biodiversity, which is an important source of resources on which activities such as agriculture, fishing, aquaculture and tourism depend. It is important to note that according to the Ecological and Economic Zoning of the Region (2013), 22.30% of the continental territory of Piura has aptitude for conservation and protection, which reflects the ecological value of several important areas in the region.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Rafael Asunción Seminario Vásquez
Regional Manager of Economic Development
Manuel Domingo Querevalú Tume
General Manager of Natural Resources & Environmental Management
Servando Garcia Correa
Population of State/Province [4]
1,873,024 6.1 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population
Urban 77.00 %
Rural 23.00 %
Ethnic Groups
State/Province GDP [5]
PEN 19,066,000
Annual Per Capita Income [6]
PEN 10,258
Human Development Index [7]
GDP Breakdown
Main Exports [8]
Fresh grapes, fresh mango, organic bananas, squid, fan shells, prawns, calcium phosphate, gypsum, phosphoric rock, andalusite and bentonite mineral
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types [9]
Dry forest 17,919 km²
Others 8,333 km²
Dry scrub 4,612 km²
Natural grass 2,934 km²
Intensive agriculture 2,287 km²
Forest Management
Peasant communities 18,291 km²
Private lands 9,310 km²
Without defined tenure or other types of tenure without available data 5,754 km²
National Protected Areas 1,248 km²
Private Conservation Areas - ACP 563 km²
Regional Conservation Areas 288 km²
Areas of Environmental Conservation - ACA 205 km²
Concessions for conservation 130 km²
Non-timber forest concessions 56 km²
Ramsar site 34 km²
Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation 14 km²
Deforestation Rates [10]
Drivers of Deforestation [11]

Currently in Piura there is no specialized and specific document to determine the drivers of deforestation; however, in the Technical Report for determining the rate of deforestation in Piura, requests for change of use and requests for oil and other deforestation are mentioned as part of the analysis of the determination. In addition, there is also the document "Study of the costs of desertification and land degradation in the department of Piura (Morales, et al., 2013) and the" Study of identification, prioritization, evaluation and integration of economic valuation of ecosystem services in the planning and public investment processes of the Piura Region "(Orihuela and Albán, 2012)

(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
Geobosques 2001
Geobosques 2016
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Población estimada para el año 2017
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática.
Información Calculada con Datos del Instituto Nacional de Estadística
Información tomada de la Memoria Final de la Zonificación Económica Ecológica
Other: Dry Forests