Total Land Area [1]
105,086 km² 89.4 % Forest
Deforestation Trend
0.3 % 2016
Original Forest Area [2]
97,097 km²
Current Forest Area [3]
93,927 km² 0.657 % of Global Total
Total Area Deforested
3,170 km²
Total Forest Carbon
947 M MtC 0.596 % of Global Total

Located in the eastern part of Peru, the region of Ucyali is distinguished by three distinct ecosystem landscapes: lowland rainforests, transitional 'brow' rainforests, and highraignforests. It is bordered to the North with the department of Loreto, to the West with the departments of Huánuco, Pasco and Junín; to the South by the departments of Cuzco and Madre de Dios and to the East with the Republic of Brazil. The capital of the department of Ucayali is the city of Pucallpa, located at 154 meters above sea level.

The department is comprises of four provinces: Coronel Portillo, Atalaya, Padre Abad and Purús; and 17 districts. The region has a wealth of natural resources and a high availability of water resources, flora and wildlife that provide a basis for productive economic activities.

The productive base of Ucayali is diversified, with the agricultural sector contributing to 19 percent of the region's economic output during the period 2001-2010. Although traditional crops such as banana, cassava, papaya, rice and corn continue to be important, there is a diversification towards higher value crops such as oil palm, cocoa, coffee and camu camu.

Ucayali is also characterized by having a very dynamic commercial activity because Pucallpa is the most important city in the central jungle of Peru. Manufacturing accounts for 15 percent of regional production and is largely supported by the development of the timber industry.

Francisco Antonio Pezo Torres
Population of State/Province [4]
506,681 1.6 % of National Population
Urban vs. Rural Population [5]
Urban 73.60
Rural 26.40
Ethnic Groups
Asheninka 17,793.00
Shipibo-Conibo 14,633.00
Cashinahua 2,419.00
Piro 1,863.00
Cashibo-Cacataibo 1,380.00
Yaminahua 600.00
Sharanahua-Marinahua 486.00
Culina 417.00
Cocama-Cocamilla 378.00
Amahuaca 261.00
Marinahua 79.00
Matsiguenga 60.00
Aguaruna (Aguajun) 38.00
State/Province GDP [6]
PEN 4,164,000
Annual Per Capita Income [7]
PEN 8,308
Human Development Index [8]
GDP Breakdown
Other sectors 36.50
Other service sectors 22.15
Commerce 17.56
Manufacturing 15.11
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry 8.69
Building 8.33
Main Exports [9]
Cacao and timber
Forest Status (1)
Major Vegetation Types [10]
Others 53,823
Medium terrace 13,682
High terrace 10,862
Mountain forests 7,047
Low terrace 5,271
Riverside complex 3,303
Middle Hill 1,570
Aguajal / Palmeral 255
Forest Management
National Protected Areas 323
Native titled communities 219
Indigenous Reserves 158
Timber forest concessions 118
Regional Conservation Areas 14
Concessions for conservation 8
Ecotourism concessions 1
Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation 0
Deforestation Rates [11]
Drivers of Deforestation

Ucayali does not have an official study identifying drivers of deforestation in the region. The National Strategy for Forests and Climate Change states that one of the main causes of deforestation in the whole of Amazonia is the cultivation of commercial coffee, cocoa, palm and livestock crops. Ucayali is one of the most productive regions in the Peruvian Amazon for these products.

(1) Due to different methodological approaches and base years, Forest Status data fields may differ slightly. Data sources for each field are listed below.
Según Informe “Situacion de limites político-administrativo del Departamento de Ucayali al año 2017, elaborado por la Direccion de Gestion del Territorio de la ARAU – GOREU
Geobosques, Forest Cover 2001
Geobosques 2016
(Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INEI, 2014)
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática
(Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo - PNUD, 2013)
UN Environment, CDB Convention of Biological Diversity ""