Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Deforestation and Burning of the State of Tocantins (PPCDQ-TO): In 2009, the State of Tocantins prepared its first Plan for the Prevention and Control of Deforestation in the State of Tocantins - PPCD. It was coordinated by a multidisciplinary and intersectorial team, under the leadership of Instituto Natureza do Tocantins (Naturatins). From the Signing of the Non-Refundable Financial Concession Agreement No. 13.2.0558.1 with the Amazon Fund / BNDES, in June 2013, the State began the process of revising the PPCD, in compliance with the obligations of Clause XXXVI (updating the plan would be part of the State's counterpart), having concluded in 2015
The general objective of the PPCD is to promote the reduction of deforestation rates and the use of fire in the state of Tocantins, through a set of integrated actions of monitoring, territorial and landscape management, forest management and promotion of productive alternatives. Continuing the continuous process of updating, the State of Tocantins published, on November 20, 2018, in the Official State Gazette, a public call for presentations of Manifestations of Interest of individual consultants to update the PPCDQ-TO. In summary, the work aims to:
Perform the survey of the database and information at state level and other levels to compose the PPCDQ and the data update and reset protocols;
To hold sectoral meetings with representatives of the Secretariat of Environment and Water Resources, and other bodies involved in the implementation of the PPCDQ in order to establish criteria, quality standards (indicators), data protocols that will compose the plan;
Conduct a survey of the institutional capacities of executing institutions for data, personnel, logistics, network and internet infrastructure, and data storage and processing capacity;
Presentation of the proposal of the new PPCDQ for the State of Tocantins, including the monitoring strategy with the necessary investments for its implementation in a term of 10 years;
Carry out the necessary information from the proponent and the institutions involved (partners) observing the guidelines and procedures of the donor agencies. Example: institutional data, projects already developed and values, inventory of equipment, technical and administrative staff and other necessary data of the proponent and institutions involved;
Elaboration of the diagnosis before the collected data pointing out the main deficiencies detected in each institution, correlating them with the supporting activities of the project and its components;
Presentation of the strategy demonstrating the effective contributions of the project activities, and achieving the expected results within the axes supported by the funding body;
Seminar presenting and discussing proposed strategies with all institutions involved;
Final presentation of the project that contains a consolidated strategy listing all products and services, with respective activities, that will be developed with the implementation of the project, aiming at the achievement of its objectives. Including all the necessary metrics to follow the evolution of the activities and the implantation of the products / services, as well as the integration of the work fronts; and control of project expenditures.
- State government
Amazonia SAR implements a deforestation detection system utilizing orbital imaging radar to monitor 950,000 km2 per year (23% of the Amazon biome). Of the total land monitored, 764,000 km2 is comprised of areas under the greatest pressure of deforestation, 144,000 km2 is in the state of Amapá, and an additional 5% of isolated points in the Amazon biome will be monitored due to specific demand.
- Federal Government/Defense Ministry – Operations and Management Center of the Amazonian Protection System (CENSIPAM)
The Amazon Fund provides support to projects related to developing sustainable production in conjunction with conservation in the Amazon Biome. Beneficiaries of The Amazon Fund's supported projects include: traditional communities (indigenous peoples, quilombolas, rubber tappers, riverside populations, family farmers, subsistence agriculturists), rural workers involved in settlement projects, low-income populations at risk of social exclusion, collective undertakings, solidarity economies, non-profit institutions governed under private law, and public administration entities.
- Fundação Banco do Brasil (FBB)
Phase II of The Amazon Fund supports projects that facilitate the development of productive activities promoting the conservation and sustainable use of the Amazon Biome; the initiative benefits traditional communities (indigenous peoples, quilombolas, rubber tappers, riverside populations, family farmers, subsistence agriculturists), rural workers involved in settlement projects, and low-income populations at risk of social exclusion.
- Banco do Brasil Foundation (FBB)
Supports the implementation of the Rural Environmental Registry (CAR) programme in municipalities throughout the state while improving the deforestation monitoring and control system of the state of Tocantins.
- State of Tocantins (Secretariat for the Environment and Water Resources - SEMARH)
Brief description: The DGM Investment Program supports some local projects in the State of Tocantins. The projects supported by the DGM in Tocantins include:
Traditional Knowledge of Krahô culture (Kraholândia Indigenous Land), aimed at enhancing the Krahô culture and strengthening the production chain and handicrafts;
Alternative for the babaçu coconut breakers (São Miguel do Tocantins), aimed at agroindustrial reform for babaçu oil, and strengthening the babaçu production chains and organization of productive centers, combining income generation with the appreciation of traditional knowledge of coconut breakers.
Territorial and environmental management of the village Porteira (Xerente Indigenous Land), aimed at the restoration of springs and environmental recovery of degraded areas and the cultural strengthening of the Xerente population.
Quilombola Communities of Jalapão (Jalapão-TO), aimed at training the quilombolas to deepen their knowledge on land regularization and territorial management, as well as to promote the debate on traditional practices developed in territorial management and protection, in extractive and agricultural production.
Environmental Education in the context of the indigenous school (Apinajé Indigenous Land), aimed at the construction of nurseries of native seedlings and distribution among the villages, creation of community garden to promote food sovereignty and articulation with indigenous school.
Strengthening Agroextractivism in the Cerrado, aimed at the Mixed Cooperative of Family Farmers, Extractivists, Fishermen, Vacuums, Settlers and Tour Guides of the Cerrado. It aims to strengthen and expand the number of socio-biodiversity products managed and organized in a networked community, aimed at reaching the main institutional and private markets.
The average value of each initiative is around R $ 30 - 180 thousand reais
- Traditional communities, indigenous populations and quilombolas of Tocantins
Empowers environmental monitoring and control in order to combat illegal deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon over a period of 15 months in regions under the greatest deforestation pressure; utilizes trucks and helicopters to enforce actions in the field.
- Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (Ibama)
Supports the strengthening of environmental management in the 529 municipalities across nine states in the Legal Amazon through (i) offering training and technical support (ii) disseminating knowledge and information through networks (iii) fostering innovation and promoting liaison with other government levels and general society within the framework of environmental public policies.
- Brazilian Institute of Municipal Administration (IBAM)
Supports the development of studies on land use and land coverage in the Amazon biome; expands and improves environmental monitoring by satellites, as performed by the National Institute of Space Research (INPE).
- National Institute of Space Research (INPE)/Science, Applications and Space Technology Foundation (FUNCATE)
Structures the Environmental Operations Company of the National Public Security Agency (FNSP) both physically and operationally to perform environmental operations in the Amazon Biome.
- Federal Government/Ministry of Justice – National Public Security Force (FNSP)
This protection initiative provides support and protection to isolated indigenous peoples and those recently contacted throughout the entire Amazon biome in order to establish physical limits and protect natural resources in settled areas within the territories of these groups and surrounding areas. The project aims to help reduce deforestation in the Amazon.
- Center for Indigenous Work (CTI)
Breve descrição: The objective of the Technical Cooperation (TC) is to implement the National Forest Inventory (NFI) in Cerrado biome and consolidate the National Forest Information System (NFIS) as policy instruments, capable of producing timely and quality information for decision makers in the public and private sectors. The project will contribute to the promotion of sustainable programs aimed at mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the Cerrado. It also aims at promoting partnerships with States and other institutions in the region to promote information exchange and dissemination. The project is part of Brazil’s Investment Plan (IP) for the Forest Investment Program (FIP), which seeks to promote the sustainable use of land and the improvement of forest management in the Cerrado Biome, thus helping to reduce pressure on remaining forests, decreasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and increasing carbon sequestration. It finances the generation and dissemination of forest information to support public and private sectors in management initiatives aimed at the conservation and enhancement of forest resources in the Cerrado biome.
- Climate Investment Fund – Forest Investment Program with 26 partners
Supports efforts towards monitoring, preventing, and combating deforestation resulting from forest fires and unauthorized burn-offs in the state of Tocantins through training, structuring mechanism for integrated management, and purchasing materials and equipment to prepare the Environmental Protection Platoon (located in the municipality of Araguaína.
- State of Tocantins Military Firefighters (CBMTO)
The GEF - Cerrado Sustentável project was executed by SEMARH, Naturatins and Ruraltins, between 2011 and 2015. In total, US $ 9 million was invested in the project, of which US $ 3 million was international financing and US $ 6 million counterpart of the state of Tocantins. The main actions of the project were the creation and implementation of Conservation Units in the State and support to low impact productive projects and alternatives to deforestation, as a strategy for the conservation of biodiversity and promotion of sustainable development of the State. The project was completed in June 2015.
Implementation arrangement: The GEF Cerrado Sustentável initiative was coordinated by the Ministry of Environment. The State of Tocantins, through SEMARH, was one of the executing agencies of the project, together with the Government of Goiás and ICMBio.
- Semarh, Naturatins and Ruraltins
Implements the Forest Inventory in the Amazon Biome to produce information on forest resources, carbon stocks, and territory use by regional populations.
- Federal Government/Brazilian Forest Service (SFB)
Supports the structuring of sustainable productive chains through public calls within the Small Eco-social Projects Program (PPP-ECOS) to benefit populations of rural, traditional, and indigenous peoples, along with quilombolas, riverside populations, fishermen, and extractive communities in the states of Mato Grosso, Tocantins, and Maranhão within the limits of the Brazilian Amazon.
- Society, Population and Nature Institute (ISPN)
Supports the operation of the Babassu Fund to select and support socioenvironmental projects related to agro-extractive organizations in the states of Maranhão, Tocantins, and Pará; supports skill development, provides technical support, and strengthens associativism through public calls of projects approved by BNDES to benefit traditional communities of babassu coconut breakers.
- Interstate Association of the Movement of Women Babassu Coconut Breakers - AMIQCB
The initiative supports the structure of the National Center to Prevent and Combat Forest Fires (PREVFOGO) programme both physically and operationally, along with training locals to monitor, prevent, and combat forest fires and unauthorized burns in the Amazon Biome through environmental education.
- Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA)
Profisc I-B is organized by the Federal Government to support the activities of Ibama for environmental monitoring and deforestation control in the Legal Amazon.
- Brazilian Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (Ibama)
El Proyecto Cerrado-Jalapão tiene como objetivo la prevención, control y monitoreo de incendios en el Cerrado y contribuye al mantenimiento del Cerrado como sumidero de carbono de relevancia mundial para la reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero y para la conservación de la biodiversidad mejorando la integración y manejo adaptativo del fuego en áreas seleccionadas del Cerrado. El proyecto ya ha producido y publicado documentos sobre alternativas al uso del fuego, gestión participativa de AP y términos de participación, monitoreo, investigación de incendios, planes operativos y planes de protección, seminarios y cintas de video, boletines y hojas de datos del proyecto; todo disponible en <http://cerradojalapao.mma.gov.br/biblioteca/arquivos>.
- Private Investment KfW
- GIZ and Caixa
Brief description: ARPA (Protected Areas of the Amazon) is a Federal Government program, coordinated by the Ministry of the Environment (MMA), managed financially by FUNBIO and financed with resources from the Global Environmental Facility (GEF) - through the World Bank, of the government of Germany - through the German Development Bank (KfW), the WWF Network, and the Amazon Fund, through BNDES. Launched in 2002, ARPA is the largest tropical forest conservation program on the planet and the most expressive related to the conservation units in Brazil. It is currently in the third phase, which began in 2014. The program was created with the objective of expanding and strengthening the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC) in the Amazon, protecting 60 million hectares, securing financial resources for the management of these areas in the short / long term and promote sustainable development in the region.
- Leader : Global Environment Facility (GEF) - World Bank.
- Partners: KfW; Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (FUNBIO); MMA; WWF- Brazil and BNDES.
Small Eco-Social Projects in the Amazon supports four public calls-for-submission for selecting and funding low-cost socioenvironmental projects focusing on family farmers and traditional communities living in the Amazon Biome across the states of Maranhão, Mato Grosso , and Tocantins.
- Society, Population and Nature Institute (ISPN)
Brief description: The project Sustainable Management and Environmental Recovery of Degraded Rural Areas in Tocantins involved a US $ 5.7 million grant to promote the environmentally sustainable use of rural property and strengthen environmental conservation in the states of Tocantins and Goiás through recovery degraded areas and environmental protection through agricultural management. The project was completed in the year 2012.
- Climate Investment Fund - Forest Investment Program
Dentro del PDRIS se están desarrollando varios proyectos, algunos de los cuales se encuentran dentro de las categorías del desafío Balikpapan:
• Programa jurisdiccional REDD +: esta iniciativa, que aún se encuentra en fase de desarrollo, significa que los proyectos aislados de REDD + se integran a un nivel jurisdiccional, lo que permite un mayor alineamiento con las políticas y la legislación nacional. Además, su objetivo es garantizar que las reducciones de emisiones se escalen a un nivel jurisdiccional y puedan insertarse en un sistema de registro, lo que a su vez promoverá una distribución equitativa de los beneficios y permitirá la implementación de salvaguardias socioambientales;
• Se finalizó la elaboración de la Política de Estado para el Uso Sostenible de Capim-Dourado y Buriti, cuyo objetivo es promover el desarrollo socioeconómico de las comunidades tradicionales que históricamente realizan artesanías de Capim-Dourado y Buriti mediante el incentivo a prácticas sostenibles de uso de estas dos especies y sus ambientes;
• Tocantins está finalizando su marco legal, el proyecto de Ley que establece la Política Estatal de Cambio Climático y Servicios Ambientales de Tocantins, con el objetivo general de promover la economía regional con bajas emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero y alentar y promover los servicios ambientales en los biomas de el estado;
• Centro de Monitoreo Ambiental y Control de Incendios (CeMAF) - A través de un Término de Cooperación, la Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Hídricos (SEMARH) y la Universidad Federal de Tocantins (UFT) promueven la conjugación mutua de esfuerzos para llevar a cabo las actividades técnicas y de investigación relacionado con la implementación de CeMAF. El Centro trabaja en la producción de estudios, información técnica y científica, principalmente relacionados con incendios forestales quemados, que subsidian las acciones de las autoridades estatales, municipales y otras autoridades públicas a través de la colaboración mutua en la evaluación de mecanismos regulatorios y el desarrollo de nuevos instrumentos técnicos para mejorar la gestión ambiental. La asociación también involucra la capacitación de gerentes y expertos técnicos para mejorar la eficiencia de la gestión pública, especialmente relacionada con las actividades de conservación y el uso sostenible de los recursos naturales. CeMAF se encuentra en el campus de UFT en la ciudad de Gurupi.
- World Bank
Descripción: El proyecto tiene como objetivo reducir la deforestación en el territorio del estado de Tocantins en los biomas de Amazonas y Cerrado a través de la creación de un sistema de monitoreo y control para la deforestación; la implementación del Registro Ambiental Rural (CAR); fomentar la descentralización de la gestión ambiental a los municipios con mayor número de habitantes; el fortalecimiento de los órganos del Sistema Estatal de Medio Ambiente, la implementación de Polos de Producción Sostenibles y Certificados y la implementación de un sistema de áreas protegidas.
- Amazon Fund
Contributes to environmentally sustainable food security and income generation in riverine and agricultural households in communities influenced by hydroelectric projects in the states of Pará, Mato Grosso, Rondônia, and Tocantins by implementing family units of diverse agroecological food production to reduce pressure on natural resources.
- Interstate Agricultural Development Association - ADAI