Lois, politiques et stratégies

Policies and Strategies

Plan for Prevention and Control of Deforestation (PPCD) - Maranhao's PPCD was formalized in 2011 through Decree 27.317. For each planning and execution period, the Plan indicate areas of intervention priorities, centered on four thematic areas: Regularization and Land Planning, Monitoring and Control, Promoting Sustainable Activities, and Governance, Information Management and Transparency.

Laws and Regulations

Law 10.595, 24/5/2017 - Creates the "Maranhão Verde" Programme, aimed at promoting and developing projects to support conservation and environmental recovery.

Law 10.444, 05/05/2016 - Establishes the State Policy for Technical Assistance and Rural Extension for Agriculture Family and Agrarian Reform - PEATER / MA and the State Assistance Technical Program and Rural Extension for Family Agriculture and Agrarian Reform - PROATER / MA in the State of Maranhão

Law 10316, 17/09/2015 - Establishes the Ecological-Economic Macrozoneamento of the State of Maranhão and makes other provisions.

Law 10276, 07/07/2015- Institutes the Program for Environmental Adequacy of Property and Rural Activity and adopts other measures.

Law 9,412, 13/07/2011 - Regulates Environmental Compensation within the State of Maranhão.

Law 9,413, 13/07/2011 - establishes the System State of Nature Conservation Units of Maranhão and makes other provisions

Law 5.405, 1992 - establishes the Code of Protection of the Environment and State System of Environment and the appropriate use of resources in the State of Maranhão.

Cadre institutionnel

Secretary of Environment (SEMA) - Plans and coordinated the implementation of policies related to the promotion, organization, regulation, control and control of actions related to the exploration and preservation of the environment and natural resources.

SEMA has three Secretariats (Sustainable Development, Licensing, Environmental Resources) and nine Superintendents (Water Resources, Environmental Licenses, Biodiversity and Protected Areas, Forest Resources, Waste Management, Green Economy, Environmental Education, Surveillance, Planning and Monitoring)

Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries- SAGRIMA - promotes the sustainable development of agribusiness productive chains, through programmed actions aimed at increasing the production and productivity of grains, vegetable and animal protein and fiber, productive infrastructure, agricultural protection and defense, fishing and aquaculture, and establishing mechanisms to guide the decisions of economic agents, producers, traders, importers and others, in the alternative allocation of resources, and to develop and correct market failures.

Secretary of State for Family Agriculture (SAF) - SAF aims to promote the development of family agriculture, combat rural poverty, facilitate access to credit and technical assistance instruments, promote social inclusion in land management and reorganization processes, promote land regularization, provide technical assistance and rural extension, expand opportunities for professional training and generation of work and income, and improve the quality of life of farmers and their families and to stimulate sustainable rural development in the State of Maranhão.

Zonage et aménagement du territoire

The Brazilian Federal Government, through the Ecological-Economic Zoning (ZEE), requires states to regulate areas for economic and conservation activities within their territory. In Maranhao, the ZEE is coordinated by the State Secretariat for Planning and Budget(Seplan) and is used as a planning tool to be institutionalized to guide the State's Sustainable Strategic Planning. SEPLAN and Emprapa have coordinated to develop a ZEE Macro in 2014 on a 1: 1,000,000 scale. After the public consultation, the plan was approved by the state assembly state through Law No. 10,316 of September 17, 2015. The plan was validated by the federal government.

Maranhão completed the 1:1,000,000 (MACROZEE / MA) ZEEin 2014, a process that represents only one step to achieve the ZEE on a scale compatible with the desired 1: 250,000 scale. This instrument, submitted at the beginning of 2015 to the State Legislative Assembly, was institutionalized through Law 10,316 of September 17, 2015.

Subsequently, the MacroZEE was submitted to the Coordinating Committee of the EEZ - CCZEE - of the Ministry of Environment for recognition by the Federal Government on November 25, 2015, thus complying with the provisions of Forestry Code Law 12.651, dated May 25, 2012.

Looking ahead, the Government of Maranhão intends to elaborate the more detailed ZEE as an instrument to guide in the formulation of public policies related to socioeconomic and environmental development in order to guide efficient territorial planning. The refined ZEE will also serve as a tool to guide investment decisions by the private sector. For this purpose, the elaboration of the State's Ecological-Economic Zoning (ZEE / MA) in the 1: 250,000 scale was included in the 2016-2019 Pluriannual Plan, with budgetary resources secured in 2016. By governmental decision, the elaboration of the Ecological-Economic Zoning of the State of Maranhão on this scale, will take place in stages, beginning with the area of the Amazon Biome of the State of Maranhão.

Engagement et participation avec les peuples autochtones et les communautés locales

The Alto Turiaçú, Awa, Carú and Araribóia indigenous lands combine with the gurupí Biological Reserve to form one of the most pristine sections of the Amazonian forest, in its primary state, in the State of Maranhão. Protection of these regions is a priority to maintain the standing forest and combat illegal practices. Initially, through Decree No. 31,794 of May 23, 2016, the Government of Maranhão established the State Committee for articulating public policies for the indigenous peoples of the State of Maranhão, with a view towards advancing various public policies, including the need for a guarantee protection. Subsequently, through DECREE No. 33,928, OF MARCH 22, 2018, the commission was restructured to follow the process of implementation of the public policies created in the previous decree.

Regarding production systems of local communities, the Government of Maranhão works together with indigenous peoples through various activities being carried out by the Family Agriculture System (SAF System). In 2017, 281 indigenous families received aid totaling R $600 thousand in projects for the development of family agriculture. In the State's Family Agriculture Procurement Program (Procaf), a modality was created exclusively for indigenous peoples, with R $ 500 thousand reserved for the acquisition of food from indigenous production through the presentation of projects - both individuals and collective organizations indigenous peoples.