Lois, politiques et stratégies

Strategies and Policies

State Program of Action to Climate Change (PEACC) - Seeks to define, analyze and propose the strategic measures needed to address climate change in Tabasco. PEACC utilizes mitigation measures (reduction of greenhouse gas emissions), and adaptation measures to ensure the integrity of communities and to develop capacities to deal with adverse impacts. As a result, PEACC is an instrument to support public policies and actions related to climate change within the state government's sphere of competence, as well as to form an important element of the critical path for climate change policy in Mexico and Identify actions and measures to reduce vulnerability to the impacts of climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

Ecological Ordering Program - Acts as a basic normative instrument which guides the geographical location of productive activities, regulates land use, natural resource management and human activities as well as the modalities of use of resources and environmental services. The program provides a foundation of ecological policy, providing the legal, methodological, and technical elements for land use planning.

Laws and Regulations

Law of Sustainable Management of the Territory of the State of Tabasco 7/29/2015 - this Law is of public order, social interest, and of general application throughout the territory of the State of Tabasco, its provisions are intended to regulate the Territorial and Urban Planning, in a sustainable manner.

Law of Environmental Protection of the State of Tabasco 12/22/2012 - aims to regulate all types of activities to protect the environment through the establishment and application of environmental policy instruments, as well as to regulate those activities necessary when the environment has been damaged. It also contains a chapter on climate change, within which the policies of the REDD + strategy can be harmonized. Article 28 states that the state policy on climate change must promote adaptation and mitigation actions to combat global warming, where the principles of sustainable development are considered to contribute to reducing the risk of the population, their heritage, and the conservation of natural resources

Decree Modifying Ecological Criteria of the Ecological Program of the State of Tabasco 12/22/2012 - updates the State of Tabasco’s ecological zoning plan.

Forestry Law of the State of Tabasco 1/4/2006 - this law is intended "to regulate and promote the conservation, protection, restoration, management, and forestry exploitation, as well as the transfer of the results of scientific and technical research, organization, and training of producers, marketing", among others, in order to contribute to sustainable forest development (Article 1). This law serves as a regulatory framework for the State Forestry Commission of Tabasco, whose objective is to promote productive activities, protection, conservation, and restoration in forestry. It also seeks protection, conservation, as well as the recovery of forest areas which is a priority of the State Government.

Cadre institutionnel

The Secretariat of Energy, Natural Resources and Environmental Protection (SERNAPAM) - has carried out projects to reduce greenhouse gases, strengthen local capacities, and develop research on issues related to climate change since 2002.

The Secretariat of Territorial Planning and Public Works (SOTOP) - is currently carrying out the updating of the Territorial Ordering Programs of the State.

The State Forestry Commission (COMESFOR) - has the function of protecting our forest resources, as well as promoting the restoration and the rational use of them, avoiding their deforestation and degradation.

Zonage et aménagement du territoire

Tabasco’s State Program on Ecological Zoning (POET) is an instrument of state environmental policy used to regulate land uses of the territory (geographical location of productive activities), based on the current assessment of natural resources, the socio-productive condition of the area, and the suitability or potential of use of the analyzed site. POET considers elements of property and markets to determine the useful capacity of the territory with the lowest risk of degradation. Tabasco’s statewide zoning was originally completed in 2006, and has been updated two times since. The current zoning plan was completed in 2013.

Engagement et participation avec les peuples autochtones et les communautés locales

One of the principles of the State Government is equity in the implementation and application of public policies, with a gender, ethnic, participatory, and inclusive approach as established by the State Development Plan 2013-2018.

Rights of vulnerable groups are a priority for the State Government, which has created the Law of Indigenous Rights and Culture of the State of Tabasco. The Law aims to establish the obligation of State powers and City Councils or Municipal Councils to elevate the social welfare of Indigenous Peoples and their communities. In this legislation, the competent state and municipal authorities are instructed, among other things, to support the participation of indigenous groups in the execution of programs and public policies for the benefit of their communities, incorporating the representatives designated by the communities themselves with the purpose of strengthening indigenous participation in government, management, and administration in its different areas and levels.

However, the dynamics of globalization have influenced the level of the challenges that exist to actively integrate participation within public policies of ethnic groups, so the Government has sought to generate spaces for dialogue and agreement with the ethnic groups to overcome the disagreements. The government has sought to break the economic and social exclusion of marginalized communities and facilitate the contribution of indigenous peoples to the processes of defining development policies and strategies.

Likewise, the Law of Environmental Protection of the State of Tabasco highlights the importance of the participation of indigenous peoples for the protection, preservation, use and sustainable use of natural resources. This presents an opportunity for the development of reforestation programs in coordination with the indigenous communities.