Superficie totale des terres [1]
1,247,597 km² 69.1 % Forêt
Tendance à la déforestation
18.7 % 2017
Zone forestière originale [2]
1,253,165 km²
Zone forestière actuelle [3]
861,816 km² 6.032 % du total mondial
Superficie totale déboisée
391,349 km²
Carbone forestier total
10,467 M MtC 6.584 % du total mondial
La description

The state of Pará is the second largest Brazilian state in size, with the same land areas as Portugal, Spain, Italy, United Kingdom, Belgium, Holland and Denmark combined. It is also is home to the second largest area of remaining forest in the Legal Amazon, with almost 900,000 km² of forests and enormous biodiversity.

Pará is the state that perhaps best synthesizes the various activities that are carried out in the Amazon: extractivism, logging, large scale monoculture, livestock, mining, road opening, hydroelectric. Despite the evolution of economic activities and infrastructure in the forest areas, Pará has been progressively reducing its deforestation rates since 2009.

Part of the success of this reduction is due to public policies launched in the State. Pará has developed its ecological and economic zoning plan (EEZ), an essential environmental management solution for land use planning. In addition, the State also has the Plan for Prevention, Control and Alternatives to Deforestation (PPCAD) which advances the basic premise that Command and Control measures alone are not enough for the State to address deforestation. Only a creation of sustainable economic alternatives is capable of sustaining a reduction of deforestation rates and contributing to the maintenance of forest areas.

Believing that it is possible to grow economically without having to reproduce the historical model of environmental degradation, the State has achieved important objectives within the scope of the Green Municipalities Program.The Green Municipalities Program is a partnerships which seeks to establish an economic model that combines conservation and production in a model of low emissions rural development. Based on the partnership between public agencies, producer groups, and civil society, the Green Municipalities program has become a model of sustainable action that brings improvements in the quality of life of the people of Pará. More recently, in 2017, the state launched the Sustainable Municipalities program which is the realization on-the-ground of "Sustainable Pará".Sustainable Para establishes strategic guidelines in the social scope (Pará Social), environmental (Pará Ambiental) and economic (Pará 2030) to promote sustainable development.

The Government of the State of Pará understands that there is still a long way to go and continuous progress towards regulatory frameworks and public policies for Climate Change and Environmental Services. An example of this is a reopening of the Para Forum of Climate Change, currently undergoing an overhaul.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Contacts
Représentant
Lilian Haber
Deputy Secretary of Water Resources & Climate
Représentant
José Mauro de Lima O'de Almeida
Secretary of Environment
Gouverneur
Helder Barbalho
Démographie
Population de l'État / Province [4]
7,581,051 3.7 % de la population nationale
Population urbaine ou rurale [5]
Urbain 68.48 %
 
Rural 31.52 %
 
Groupes ethniques [6]
Multi-ethnic 72.60 %
 
White 21.90 %
 
Black 5.00 %
 
Indigenous 0.40 %
 
Other 0.10 %
 
Économie
État / Province PIB [7]
BRL 57
Revenu annuel par habitant [8]
BRL 7,993
Indice de développement humain [9]
0.755
Répartition du PIB [10]
Services 56.60 %
 
Industry 36.30 %
 
Agriculture, Forestry 0.00 %
 
Mining 0.00 %
 
Principales exportations [11]
Iron ore, aluminum, copper ore, manganese ore, beef, wood, black pepper, palm
État de la forêt (1)
Types de végétation majeurs [12]
Forest 871,654 km²
 
Other Land Uses 167,751 km²
 
Pastureland 141,442 km²
 
Secondary Vegetation 63,601 km²
 
Agriculture 3,191 km²
 
La gestion des forêts
Unprotected 472,179 km²
 
Protected 394,051 km²
 
Taux de déforestation [13]
Les moteurs de la déforestation

Les principaux moteurs de la déforestation sont l'élevage de bétail, l'agriculture à grande échelle et l'exploitation forestière; les moteurs relativement mineurs incluent les mines, les zones urbaines et les infrastructures (par exemple, les barrages). Les grandes exploitations bovines représentent 60% de la déforestation totale, tandis que les petites terres représentent 30%. Quatre pour cent des zones déboisées sont associées à l'exploitation forestière et 3% seulement sont directement associées à l'agriculture professionnelle et à productivité élevée.

Au cours des six dernières années, le taux de déforestation du Pará est passé de 1 741 km² en 2012 à 2 992 km² en 2016. Par contre, en 2017, il y a eu une réduction de 19% (2 413 km²).

Notes
(1) En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sont énumérées ci-dessous.
References
[1]
[2]
Machado, R.B., M.B. Ramos Neto, P.G.P. Pereira, E.F. Caldas, D.A. Gonçalves, N.S. Santos, K. Tabor e M. Steininger. 2004. Estimativas de perda da área do Cerrado brasileiro. Relatório técnico não publicado. Conservação Internacional, Brasília, DF. www.conservation.org.br/arquivos/RelatDesmatamCerrado.pdf
[3]
PRODES 2015
[4]
[5]
IBGE, 2010
[6]
IBGE, 2010
[7]
IBGE, 2008
[8]
IBGE, 2008
[9]
PNUD, 2008 PNUD
[10]
IBGE, 2010
[11]
SEDECT, 2010
[12]
TerraClass 2014
[13]