Superficie totale des terres
68,996 km² 85.4 % Forêt
Tendance à la déforestation
33.7 % 2017
Zone forestière originale [1]
65,935 km²
Zone forestière actuelle
58,900 km² 0.412 % du total mondial
Superficie totale déboisée
7,035 km²
Carbone forestier total
873 M MtC 0.549 % du total mondial
La description

The establishment through Law No. 20 of 2012 dated November 16, 2012, the province of North Kalimantan is the youngest and the northernmost province in Kalimantan, which has a land area of 75,467.70 km² and a population of 666,333. The province has one large city (Tarakan) and is divided into four districts: Nunukan, Malinau, Tana Tidung and Bulungan. The province has a population growth rate of 3.8% and population density of 8.83 persons / km² (BPS Katara, 2017). The capital of North Kalimantan Province is located in Tanjung Selor, in Bulungan District.

North Kalimantan Province lies in a position between 114ᵒ35'22 "- 118ᵒ03'00" East Longitude and between 1ᵒ21'36 "- 4ᵒ24'55" North Latitude. Administratively, the province of North Kalimantan is bordered to the North by Malaysia (Sabah), to the east by the Sulawesi sea, to the south by East Kalimantan province, and the west by Malaysia (Sarawak).

Geographicall the province of North Borneo is strategically located along one of Indonesia's major shipping routes, linking with maritime routes to Malaysia, the Philippines, Brunei Darussalam, Singapore and other Asia Pacific countries. This strategic location gives the province opportunities to develop economically through export-import activities with other countries in the region.

Land use in North Kalimantan Province is dominated by forests, with an area of 6,440,254 ha or about 90.06% of the total area. The agricultural area is spread around 1.55% or 110,751 ha from the total area. State forest land use dominates across districts, but most are in the Malinau District. The geographical condition of the province, which is dominated by mountains and hills with a steep slope, is mostly used as a protected forest. The use of settlement land is only 19,090 Ha or 0.27% of the total area of the province, with the highest settlement land in Nunukan District.

Forests have three main functions, namely protection functions, conservation, and production functions. State forests are set by the government through Law no. 41 of 1999 on Forestry based on the three main functions as Hutan Lindung (HL), Conservation Forest (HK) which is divided into Natural Conservation Area (KSA) and Nature Conservation Area (KPA), and Production Forest which is divided into Permanent Production Forest ), Limited Production Forest (HPT), and Conversion Production Forest (HPK).

More information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Contacts
Représentant
Sarifuddin
Head of Forestry Agency
Représentant
Edy Suharto S. Sos, MT
Head of Provincial Environment Agency
Gouverneur
Dr. H. Irianto Lambrie
Démographie
Population de l'État / Province [2]
666,333 0.3 % de la population nationale
Population urbaine ou rurale
Rural 69.20 %
 
Urbain 30.80 %
 
Groupes ethniques
Javanese 35.00 %
 
Bugis 23.00 %
 
Dayak 17.00 %
 
Banjarese 14.00 %
 
Kutai 9.00 %
 
Other 2.00 %
 
Économie
État / Province PIB
IDR 77,041,000,000,000
Revenu annuel par habitant [3]
IDR 115,619,367
Indice de développement humain [4]
0.747
Répartition du PIB
Trade, Hotel & Restaurant 27.00 %
 
Transport & Communication 13.40 %
 
Construction 13.20 %
 
Agriculture, Livestock, Forestry & Fisheries 12.20 %
 
Mining & Quarrying 11.59 %
 
Processing Industry 11.40 %
 
Services 11.21 %
 
Principales exportations
Mining, manufactured goods, and commodities
État de la forêt (1)
Types de végétation majeurs [5]
Primary Dry Forest 40,466 km²
 
Secondary Dryland Forests 16,466 km²
 
Secondary Swamp Forest 2,627 km²
 
Agriculture Dry land mixed 2,260 km²
 
Shrubs 1,893 km²
 
Secondary Mangrove Forest 1,579 km²
 
Tambak 1,335 km²
 
Rice fields 171 km²
 
Plantation 98 km²
 
Swamp 74 km²
 
Settlement 51 km²
 
Primary Swamp Forest 13 km²
 
La gestion des forêts [6]
Limited Production Forest 22,726 km²
 
Non-Forest Area - Others 13,639 km²
 
Protected forest 10,652 km²
 
Production Forest 10,512 km²
 
Convertible production forest 535 km²
 
Taux de déforestation [7]
Les moteurs de la déforestation [8]

There are a diversity of drivers of deforestation in N Kalimantan, the majority of which are caused by human activities. Deforestation is widely caused by land conversion either for settlements or plantations. Often the clearing forested land is related to the development of plantation industry, mining, traditional farming by the community etc. Based on research (Cifor, The 3rd Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit Live 2016) the leading cause of deforestation is the development of plantation industry and forest and land fires.

Notes
(1) En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sonténumérées ci-dessous.
References
[1]
1973
[2]
BPS 2017
[3]
BPS 2017
[4]
BPS 2017
[5]
Draft RPJMD Provinsi Kalimantan Utara tahun 2016-2021
[6]
Draft RPJMD Provinsi Kalimantan Utara 2016-2021
[7]
Ministry of Environment and Forestry 2018
[8]
Cifor, The 3rd Asia-Pacific Rainforest Summit Live 2016