Superficie totale des terres [1]
57,924 km² 70.1 % Forêt
Tendance à la déforestation
Zone forestière originale [2]
48,679 km²
Zone forestière actuelle [3]
40,591 km² 0.284 % du total mondial
Superficie totale déboisée
8,088 km²
Carbone forestier total
216 M MtC 0.136 % du total mondial
La description [4]

The territory of the state of Campeche has an area of 56,859 km², of which 76.2% is still a mosaic of forests in relatively good condition. The state has the largest mangrove area (197,000 ha) in Mexico, equivalent to 30% of the national total. These forests and mangroves have the highest carbon storage capacity, greater than 100 MgCl / ha (Government of the State of Campeche, 2012b). Campeche has the largest protected area (2,278,765.59 ha) through Protected Natural Areas (ANP) in the Yucatan Peninsula, representing 40% of the state's surface. The good state of conservation and connectivity of the states of Campeche, Yucatan and Quintana Roo, with the forests of Guatemala and Belize in Central America, make the forests of Campeche one of the survival areas of threatened and endangered species with special requirements such as felines (jaguar and puma), or ones that perform local "migrations" (such as birds or butterflies). Recent studies in Mexico infer that the forests of Campeche probably maintain the largest populations of species such as the jaguar (Panthera onca), the tapir (Tapirus bairdii), the white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari), the howler monkey (Alouatta spp), the spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi), the elegant eagle (Spizaetus ornatus), the king vulture (Sarcoramphus papa), the ocellated turkey (Meleagris ocellata ) and snout (Craxrubra) (Government of the State of Campeche, 2012b).

Most of the territory of Campeche is characterized by a subhumid climate and a dense tropical forest. There is also a lowland region with lakes and rivers. The "milpa" system, which predominates in the state, requires a deep understanding of specific ecological systems, including the cycles of several plants and the rain cycle, as well as the fallow period required by their soils. Hunting and gathering are complementary subsistence activities. Local natural resources are used as materials to build houses and for energy needs. Together, these activities, along with forestry and livestock activities, have had a devastating impact on tropical forests, and attempts are being made to reverse the impact through sustainable development programs focused on reforestation and wildlife management. The State of Campeche faces a great challenge in the face of the potential effects of climate change and the phenomena of deforestation and forest degradation. The preservation policy has led to the creation of several protected areas, including the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, notable for the number of indigenous migrants living within the 723,185 hectares of forest in the reserve and also for plans to develop opportunities for Ecological and archaeological tourism.

More information can be fond on the GCF Impact Platform.

Roberto Alcalá Ferráez
Secretary of Environment & Natural Resources
Martha San Roman Montero
Director of Environmental Policy, SEMARNATCAM
Alejandro Moreno Cárdenas
Population de l'État / Province [5]
822,441 0.7 % de la population nationale
Population urbaine ou rurale [6]
Urbain 74.60 %
Rural 25.40 %
Groupes ethniques [7]
Maya 77.00 %
Chol 10.00 %
Other 7.00 %
Tzeltal 2.00 %
Kanjobal 1.80 %
Mame 1.10 %
État / Province PIB [8]
MXN 269,539,000,000
Revenu annuel par habitant [9]
MXN 957,623
Indice de développement humain [10]
Répartition du PIB [11]
Industry, Mining 81.80 %
Services 17.10 %
Agriculture, Forestry 1.10 %
Principales exportations [12]
État de la forêt (1)
Types de végétation majeurs [13]
Primary Perrenial 25,691 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest 7,759 km²
Primary Deciduous 2,439 km²
Secondary Perennial Forest 2,384 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle 800 km²
Secondary Deciduous 346 km²
Secondary Encino Forest 8 km²
La gestion des forêts [14]
Ejido 28,391 km²
Protected Area 19,403 km²
Taux de déforestation [15]
Les moteurs de la déforestation

Deforestation is mainly driven by conversion to pasture land and to a lesser extent by agricultural land. A lack of forestry related economic activities is an indirect driver of deforestation.

(1) En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sonténumérées ci-dessous.
INEGI. Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010. Panorama sociodemográfico de Campeche. 2011.
INEGI, 2013. Volumen y crecimiento. Población total por entidad federativa, 1895 a 2010
EPRI, 2012. Overview of Subnational Programs to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) as Part of the Governors’ Climate and Forests Task Force, Palo Alto.
Anuario estadístico. Campeche, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011 Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587 Formato: Electrónico
Anuario estadístico. Campeche, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011 Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587 Formato: Electrónico
PNUD. El índice de desarrollo humano en México: cambios metodológicos e información para las entidades federativas. 2012
calculated using values derived from INEGI, 2013,
INEGI.Perspectiva Estadística. Serie por Entidad Federativa. México.
ERPD annexes