Chiapas is the eighth largest state in Mexico, with an area of 73,282 km², which represents 3.8% of the total area of Mexico. It has a rich biodiversity with cloud forests, temperate, natural and induced grasslands, humid, tropical, and sub-humid areas and tropical rainforest (INEGI, 2010). These different types of forests cover 42% of the total area of the state (PACCCH, 2011). As a result, 30% of Mexico's surface waters are located in Chiapas. It also has 47 Natural Protected Areas covering 19.8% of the total surface area of the state (SEMAHN, 2010).
In 2009, the state government launched the Climate Change Action Program for the State of Chiapas (PACCCH), with the participation of many local and national actors. PACCCH generated an analysis of deforestation and forest degradation in the state and created projections for the future, as well as a state inventory of greenhouse gases. The institutional and legal framework for mitigation and adaptation to climate change was created through the publication of the Adaptation and Mitigation to Climate Change that established the Inter-institutional Climate Change Coordination Commission of the State of Chiapas, a group of 15 state government agencies with responsibility for implementation. In a certain sense, the development and implementation of adaptation and mitigation policies is a result of the participation of many actors of organized civil society.
The Technical Advisory Board of REDD + (CTC REDD + CH), officially established in 2011, is currently working with the Ministry of Environment and Natural History on the regulations for climate change and the development of the State REDD+ strategy, with input from civil society organizations, dederal agencies, and academic institutions in Chiapas. The objective is to issue a state REDD+ strategy in 2013, and a REDD+ regional strategy for 2015. The state is working to align its efforts with the National Vision for REDD+ and the National REDD+ Strategy, in this sense, attending meetings with the Technical Council REDD+ National Consultative and aligning efforts on issues of: safeguards, goals and processes, Monitoring, Reporting and Verification, and institutional and legal frameworks.
Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.
|Conifer Forest Primary||4,379||km²|
|Primary Mesophytic Forest||4,309||km²|
|Secondary Perennial Forest||3,409||km²|
|Secondary Mesophytic Foresty||1,823||km²|
|Primary Encino Forest||1,328||km²|
|Secondary Encino Forest||999||km²|
|Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest||160||km²|
Changes in land use are caused by conversion to grazing pastures and agriculture. Other factors that contribute to deforestation (from the regression analysis in PACCCH, 2011) include: population density, distance to roads, distance to cities / towns, distances from agricultural or livestock areas, and slopes.
|(1)||En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sonténumérées ci-dessous.|
INEGI, 2013. Volumen y crecimiento. Población total por entidad federativa, 1895 a 2010 www.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/sisept/Default.aspx?t=mdemo148&s=est&c=29192
INEGI, 2011. Pespectiva estadistica Chiapas www.inegi.org.mx/est/contenidos/espanol/sistemas/perspectivas/perspectiva-chs.pdf
INEGI, 2011, Perspectiva estadistica Chiapas www.inegi.org.mx/est/contenidos/espanol/sistemas/perspectivas/perspectiva-chs.pdf
Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD, 2010): El Indice de Desarrollo Humano en México: cambios metodológicos e información para las entidades federativas www.cinu.mx/minisitio/indice_de_desarrollo/El_IDH_en_Mexico.pdf
Anuario estadístico. Chiapas, Edición: 2012, Cobertura temporal: 2011, Desglose geográfico: Municipal, ISSN: 0188-8587 Formato: Electrónico