Superficie totale des terres [1]
78,012 km² 53.3 % Forêt
Tendance à la déforestation
Zone forestière originale [2]
46,780 km²
Zone forestière actuelle [3]
41,559 km² 0.291 % du total mondial
Superficie totale déboisée
5,221 km²
Carbone forestier total
87 M MtC 0.055 % du total mondial
La description

Jalisco has a population of 7,844,830 inhabitants and is one of the States with the largest population in Mexico, reaching 6.5% of the country's total. The population growth in recent years, coupled with economic and urban growth, has put strong pressure on natural resources. Given this, the maintenance of forests in the State, which cover 53% of the surface and 4,155,948 hectares, is very important.

Therefore, for the purpose of establishing an integrated land management model, a model of local governance has been proposed in Jalisco that contributes to sustainable rural development for the implementation of the REDD + State Strategy, in order to reduce emissions by deforestation and degradation. This model of governance is that of the Intermunicipal Environment Boards (JIMA), which is based on the association of municipalities. The JIMA seeks to decentralize environmental policy and function as a public body to have a positive impact on the territory of the municipalities that comprise them.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Sergio Graf Montero
Secretary of Environment & Territorial Development
María Alejandra Blanco Alonso
Strategic Projects Coordinator
Enrique Alfaro Ramírez
Population de l'État / Province [4]
7,840,000 7.0 % de la population nationale
Population urbaine ou rurale [5]
Urbain 87.00 %
Rural 13.00 %
Groupes ethniques
État / Province PIB [6]
MXN 11,061,406
Revenu annuel par habitant [7]
MXN 166,908
Indice de développement humain [8]
Répartition du PIB [9]
Services 24.58 %
Trade 22.03 %
Manufacturing Industry 21.89 %
Other 15.04 %
Construction 7.80 %
Agriculture, Forestry 5.55 %
Government Activities 3.04 %
Principales exportations [10]
Computer equipment, communication, measurement and other electronic equipment, components and accessories.
État de la forêt (1)
Types de végétation majeurs [11]
Secondary Deciduous 9,404 km²
Primary Encino Forest 8,206 km²
Conifer Forest Primary 7,105 km²
Secondary Encino Forest 5,925 km²
Primary Deciduous 5,216 km²
Secondary Coniferous 2,204 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Jungle 1,590 km²
Secondary Sub-deciduous Forest 1,283 km²
Primary Mesophytic Forest 346 km²
Secondary Mesophytic Foresty 76 km²
La gestion des forêts [12]
Ejido 16,482 km²
Protected Area 1,451 km²
Taux de déforestation [13]
Les moteurs de la déforestation [14]

There are two driving groups of deforestation in the State of Jalisco; indirect and direct drivers.

Direct drivers include extensive cattle raising with the use of induced cultivated pastures resulting in changes in land use due to livestock expansion, livestock productions systems that are not adapted to agro-ecological conditions, overgrazing, and increased food demand. Another direct driver is agricultural land conversion for economic income resulting in the conversion of crops from seasonal maize, low deciduous forest, and oak to agave cultivation and the establishment and expansion of avocado cultivation because of the high profitability. The final direct driver of deforestation is urban growth due to tourism development resulting in an increase in tourist development in coastal areas and the occupation of agricultural lands for tourism developments.

Indirect drivers include lack of employment and boost to the local economy, poorly planned growth infrastructure in urban areas, scarce surveillance in forest areas, inadequate follow-up to contrary public policies and programs, and dysfunctionality of governance mechanisms and lack of community organization.

(1) En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sonténumérées ci-dessous.
INEGI. 2014. PIB Entidad Federativa Anual.
UNDP. 2012. El Índice de Desarrollo Humano en México: cambios metodológicos e información para las entidades federativas.
INEGI. 2014. PIB Entidad Federativa Anual.
CONAFOR. 2016. Borrador de Iniciativa de Reducción de Emisiones.
CONAFOR. 2016. Borrador de Iniciativa de Reducción de Emisiones.