Superficie totale des terres [1]
36,850 km² 42.9 % Forêt
Tendance à la déforestation
20.6 % 2016
Zone forestière originale [2]
18,540 km²
Zone forestière actuelle [3]
15,818 km² 0.111 % du total mondial
Superficie totale déboisée
2,722 km²
Carbone forestier total
108 M MtC 0.068 % du total mondial
La description

The Region of Huánuco is located in the central part of the country, between the coordinates UTM 245 023.56 E - 553 462.16 E and 8 840 082.91 N - 9 080 734.01 N. It includes areas of the Andes, high forests, low forests, and tropical forests. The Cordillera Blanca occupies part of its northwest territory with the Cordillera de Huayhuash, the Nudo de Pasco to the south, the Cordillera de Raura on the border with Lima, and the Cordillera Azul forming a watershed between the Huallaga and Ucayali rivers.

The Huánuco region has an area of 36,850 km², with 867,272 inhabitants in 2016 according to INEI. This represents 2.7% of the national population of Peru.

The regions is neighbored by La Libertad, San Martin and Ucayali to the north, east Ucayali region, and to the south by the regions of Pasco and Lima, and to the west by Ancash. The region ranges from 167 to 6334 meters above sea level, with the capitol city situated at 1,894 meters above sea level.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Contacts
Représentant
Luis Augusto Briceño Jara
Regional General Manager
Représentant
Isidro Teodolfo Enciso Gutiérrez
Regional Manager of Natural Resources and Environmental Management
Gouverneur
Juan Manuel Alvarado Cornelio
Démographie
Population de l'État / Province [4]
872,523 2.8 % de la population nationale
Population urbaine ou rurale [5]
Rural 0.61 %
 
Urbain 0.39 %
 
Groupes ethniques
Amuesha (Yanesha) 980.00
 
Asheninka 712.00
 
Cashibo-Cacataibo 499.00
 
Shipibo-Conibo 403.00
 
Économie
État / Province PIB [6]
PEN 5,319,000
Revenu annuel par habitant [7]
PEN 6,139
Indice de développement humain [8]
0.375
Répartition du PIB
Other sectors 40.92 %
 
Other service sectors 19.49 %
 
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry 16.52 %
 
Commerce 12.22 %
 
Building 10.85 %
 
Principales exportations [9]
Cocoa (grain, powder, butter, liquor and cover), fresh flowers
État de la forêt (1)
Types de végétation majeurs
Others 37,070 km²
 
Non-forested areas 8,858 km²
 
Hill forests 2,799 km²
 
Andean agriculture 2,055 km²
 
Terraced forests 1,404 km²
 
Mountain forests 1,264 km²
 
Flooded forest 17 km²
 
La gestion des forêts [10]
National Protected Areas 16 km²
 
Timber forest concessions 12 km²
 
Native titled communities 9 km²
 
Private Conservation Areas - ACP 1 km²
 
Taux de déforestation [11]
Les moteurs de la déforestation

Causes of deforestation in Huánuco include include agricultural activities, forest fires and diseases, and the uncontrolled felling of trees. A substantial driver in some areas is illegal mining, which is particularly prevalent in the province of Puerto Inca, where it is responsible 16% of the loss in vegetation cover.

At present, the deforestation of tropical forests is a real threat. In Huánuco the rates of deforestation in have been much more intense in dry and semi-arid areas, especially in the mountains. This is likely due to the fact that drier areas and higher altitudes in Huanuco are more suitable for livestock production. The soils of these regions, in general, are richer and easier to cultivate than the old soils of the tropical plains, which are largely depleted of nutrients and have restrictions in place to prevent agricultural expansion.

One of these consequences of deforestation in Huánuco is the release of forest carbon into the atmosphere. Deforestation also leads to a loss in water retention, and increases the impact of droughts in the region.

Notes
(1) En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sont énumérées ci-dessous.
References
[1]
[2]
Geobosques Platform based on the year 2001.
[3]
Geobosques 2016
[4]
Data obtained from the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics
[5]
[6]
National Institute of Statistics and Informatics. Values at Constant Prices of 2007
[7]
Jurisdictional profiles of the member regions of the Group of Governors for Climate and Forests in Peru. Alternate Development Mechanisms, Lima: 2018
[8]
[9]
[10]
Jurisdictional profiles of the member regions of the Group of Governors for Climate and Forests in Peru. Alternate Development Mechanisms, Lima: 2018
[11]