Superficie totale des terres [1]
368,799 km² 95.2 % Forêt
Tendance à la déforestation
17.4 % 2016
Zone forestière originale [2]
354,362 km²
Zone forestière actuelle [3]
350,932 km² 2.456 % du total mondial
Superficie totale déboisée
3,430 km²
Carbone forestier total
3,585 M MtC 2.255 % du total mondial
La description

Loreto is the largest and most diverse region in Peru, with an area of 36,885,195.35 ha, which represents 28.7% of the national territory and 51% of the Peruvian Amazon.The region is home to extraordinary biological and cultural diversity, and it is also the department with the greatest forest cover in the country. Despite this, between 2001 and 2015 the region lost 341,845 hectares of forest according to national statistics. This places the region second, after the department of San Martin (with 382,058.00 hectares), for greatest forest loss in Peru during that time period. Data from the National Program for the Conservation of Forests and Climate Change Mitigation (PNBCC - MINAM), shows the trend of deforestation in Loreto is increasing, causing concern about the proper management of the region’s forests. To reverse this trend, the regional government has committed to develop strategies that are oriented towards the conservation of forests.

As part of these efforts, the Region has placed more than 13 million hectares of forests under some form of regional conservation, including Regional Conservation Areas, Conservation Concessions and Ecotourism,and conservation of headwaters of watersheds.

Through Regional Ordinance N ° 012-2015-GRL-CR, Loreto established the Regional Environmental Authority of Loreto (ARA LORETO) as a line agency dependent on the General Management of the Government Regional of Loreto. The ARA is the governing body responsible for defining policies, organizing, directing, controlling, monitoring, regulating and exercising functions in environmental matters, management and conservation of natural resources, promotion of environmental services and sustainable management of flora and fauna.The ARA operate with a territorial and ecosystem-centered approach.The ARA is led by a manager who oversee four Executive Directorates: the Executive Directorate of Environmental Management; the Executive Directorate of Conservation and Biological Diversity, the Executive Directorate of Forestry and Wildlife; and the Executive Directorate of Spatial Planning and Spatial Data.

The Executive Directorate of Conservation and Biological Diversity is the institution within Loreto’s ARA responsible for contributing to the sustainable development through the design and implementation of public policies, plans, programs, projects and strategies of management of the areas of regional conservation and the environmental services they provide, prioritizing their importance for the conservation and sustainable use of regional biological diversity.

Loreto has also prioritized the development and implementation of Regional Conservation Areas (ACRs for their acronym in Spanish) to address deforestation.The administration of the ACRs is framed by the guiding principles established in the Strategy for the Management of the Loreto ACRs, whichuses a co-management model to manage the biological, physical and social components of natural resources.It is through the principle ofCo-Management that synergies are established with the communities located in buffer zones of ACRs.Loreto recognizesthe important role of these communities in the conservation of the forests and natural resources of the ACRs and their communal territories. Currently in the Loreto Region there are four established Regional Conservation Areas, totaling an area of 2'199,885.09 hectares.

In the future, the challenge is to formulate and implement a holistic low-carbon development strategy that balances socioeconomic needs and forest conservation using a landscape approach.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Contacts
Représentant
Samuel Eduardo Reyna Rossi
Regional Planning, Budget and Territorial Planning Manager
Représentant
Juan Carlos Vilca Tello
Manager, Regional Environmental Authority
Gouverneur
Elisban Ochoa Sosa
Démographie
Population de l'État / Province [4]
1,039,372 3.4 % de la population nationale
Population urbaine ou rurale [5]
Urbain 66.00 %
 
Rural 34.00 %
 
Groupes ethniques
Other 54,426.00
 
Kukama - kukamiria 50,000.00
 
Quechua 38,500.00
 
Chayahuita 20,000.00
 
Achuar 10,500.00
 
Awajun 8,000.00
 
Économie
État / Province PIB [6]
PEN 8,440,000
Revenu annuel par habitant
PEN 7,144
Indice de développement humain [7]
0.398
Répartition du PIB
Other sectors 35.30 %
 
Public Administration and Defense 25.80 %
 
Commerce 19.50 %
 
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry 10.20 %
 
Oil and Mining 9.20 %
 
Principales exportations [8]
Wood and papers, metalworking, iron and steel, fishing, agrochemicals
État de la forêt (1)
Types de végétation majeurs [9]
Humid low hills Forests 202,113 km²
 
Swamps 51,025 km²
 
Aguajales 29,299 km²
 
Humid Forest of Low Terraces 21,988 km²
 
Moist Forest of Mendric Plains 17,561 km²
 
Others 13,234 km²
 
Humid Mountain Forest 10,908 km²
 
Wet Forest of Terraces Stockings 9,439 km²
 
Humid High Hills Forests 8,193 km²
 
Humid Forest of High Terraces 5,003 km²
 
La gestion des forêts
National Protected Areas 68,343 km²
 
Native titled communities 64,846 km²
 
Regional Conservation Areas 21,999 km²
 
Timber forest concessions 21,910 km²
 
Concessions for conservation 2,697 km²
 
Ecotourism concessions 329 km²
 
Other forest concessions 76 km²
 
Private Conservation Areas - ACP 10 km²
 
Taux de déforestation [10]
Les moteurs de la déforestation

There are no in-depth studies on the causes of deforestation in Loreto. The Strategic Environmental Study of the regional development plan notes that "deforestation originates due to various causes such as the exploitation of wood, the construction of roads and the conversion of forest areas to areas of agricultural activity " (DAR, 2015). The Loreto Sostenible 2021 study (Dourojeanni, 2013), also notes that "the highest rates of deforestation are concentrated in the two areas served by roads and around Iquitos." The first area is the one that corresponds to "area of high hills, which is crossed by the road that arrives to Yurimaguas from Tarapoto, the large plantations of oil palm established with use of machinery". The second area is the one influenced by "the construction of the Iquitos-Nauta highway, in terrains with sandy-quartz soils, which has led to the extension of the agricultural occupation of this area up to 20 km on each side (Dourojeanni, 2013). The report also explains that "important extensions have also been deforested in recent years for agricultural purposes in the provinces of Alto Amazonas, Ramón Castilla and Maynas." It is important to note also that Dourojeannu (2013) states that the main problem is not deforestation in Loreto, but rather degradation due to selective logging. Currently the extent of degradation in Loreto is difficult to measure.

Notes
(1) En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sont énumérées ci-dessous.
References
[1]
[2]
[3]
Geobosques 2016
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
Secretaría del Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica (https://www.cbd.int/doc/nbsap/sbsap/pe-sbsap-loreto-es.pdf)
[10]
Peru FREL