Superficie totale des terres [1]
35,658 km² 1.2 % Forêt
Tendance à la déforestation
78.6 % 2016
Zone forestière originale [2]
445 km²
Zone forestière actuelle [3]
420 km² 0.003 % du total mondial
Superficie totale déboisée
25 km²
Carbone forestier total
1 M MtC 0.001 % du total mondial
La description

The Piura Region is located in the North-Western zone of Peru, between latitude South 4º04'50 "and 6º22'10" and longitude West 79º13'15 "and 81º19'35"; at a distance of 981 km from the city of Lima. Its territorial extension is 35,892km², which represents 2.79% of the country's territory.

At a political-administrative level, the region is divided into 08 provinces: Piura, Sullana, Talara, Paita, Sechura, Morropón, Huancabamba and Ayabaca. Within these 8 provinces lie 65 districts.

The climate of the department of Piura is varied. The coast is warm with high temperatures throughout the year, which fluctuate between 34.2ºC and 15ºC. In the mountains, the climate is mild with seasonal rainfalls. The region is particularly prone to effects from El Niño Southern Oscillation, which may be exacerbated by climate change.

Piura is a region with a unique biodiversity, which is an important source of resources on which activities such as agriculture, fishing, aquaculture and tourism depend. It is important to note that according to the Ecological and Economic Zoning of the Region (2013), 22.30% of the continental territory of Piura has aptitude for conservation and protection, which reflects the ecological value of several important areas in the region.

Additional information can be found on the GCF Impact Platform.

Contacts
Représentant
Rafael Asunción Seminario Vásquez
Regional Manager of Economic Development
Représentant
Manuel Domingo Querevalú Tume
General Manager of Natural Resources and Environmental Management
Gouverneur
Servando Garcia Correa
Démographie
Population de l'État / Province [4]
1,873,024 6.1 % de la population nationale
Population urbaine ou rurale
Urbain 77.00 %
 
Rural 23.00 %
 
Groupes ethniques
Économie
État / Province PIB [5]
PEN 19,066,000
Revenu annuel par habitant [6]
PEN 10,258
Indice de développement humain [7]
0.579
Répartition du PIB
Principales exportations [8]
Fresh grapes, fresh mango, organic bananas, squid, fan shells, prawns, calcium phosphate, gypsum, phosphoric rock, andalusite and bentonite mineral
État de la forêt (1)
Types de végétation majeurs [9]
Dry forest 17,919 km²
 
Others 8,333 km²
 
Dry scrub 4,612 km²
 
Natural grass 2,934 km²
 
Intensive agriculture 2,287 km²
 
La gestion des forêts
Peasant communities 18,291 km²
 
Private lands 9,310 km²
 
Without defined tenure or other types of tenure without available data 5,754 km²
 
National Protected Areas 1,248 km²
 
Private Conservation Areas - ACP 563 km²
 
Regional Conservation Areas 288 km²
 
Areas of Environmental Conservation - ACA 205 km²
 
Concessions for conservation 130 km²
 
Non-timber forest concessions 56 km²
 
Ramsar site 34 km²
 
Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation 14 km²
 
Taux de déforestation [10]
Les moteurs de la déforestation [11]

Currently in Piura there is no specialized and specific document to determine the drivers of deforestation; however, in the Technical Report for determining the rate of deforestation in Piura, requests for change of use and requests for oil and other deforestation are mentioned as part of the analysis of the determination. In addition, there is also the document "Study of the costs of desertification and land degradation in the department of Piura (Morales, et al., 2013) and the" Study of identification, prioritization, evaluation and integration of economic valuation of ecosystem services in the planning and public investment processes of the Piura Region "(Orihuela and Albán, 2012)

Notes
(1) En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sont énumérées ci-dessous.
References
[1]
[2]
Geobosques 2001
[3]
Geobosques 2016
[4]
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Población estimada para el año 2017
[5]
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática.
[6]
Información Calculada con Datos del Instituto Nacional de Estadística
[7]
Información tomada de la Memoria Final de la Zonificación Económica Ecológica
[8]
[9]
Other: Dry Forests
[10]
[11]