Superficie totale des terres [1]
105,086 km² 89.4 % Forêt
Tendance à la déforestation
0.3 % 2016
Zone forestière originale [2]
97,097 km²
Zone forestière actuelle [3]
93,927 km² 0.657 % du total mondial
Superficie totale déboisée
3,170 km²
Carbone forestier total
947 M MtC 0.596 % du total mondial
La description

Located in the eastern part of Peru, the region of Ucyali is distinguished by three distinct ecosystem landscapes: lowland rainforests, transitional 'brow' rainforests, and highraignforests. It is bordered to the North with the department of Loreto, to the West with the departments of Huánuco, Pasco and Junín; to the South by the departments of Cuzco and Madre de Dios and to the East with the Republic of Brazil. The capital of the department of Ucayali is the city of Pucallpa, located at 154 meters above sea level.

The department is comprises of four provinces: Coronel Portillo, Atalaya, Padre Abad and Purús; and 17 districts. The region has a wealth of natural resources and a high availability of water resources, flora and wildlife that provide a basis for productive economic activities.

The productive base of Ucayali is diversified, with the agricultural sector contributing to 19 percent of the region's economic output during the period 2001-2010. Although traditional crops such as banana, cassava, papaya, rice and corn continue to be important, there is a diversification towards higher value crops such as oil palm, cocoa, coffee and camu camu.

Ucayali is also characterized by having a very dynamic commercial activity because Pucallpa is the most important city in the central jungle of Peru. Manufacturing accounts for 15 percent of regional production and is largely supported by the development of the timber industry.

Contacts
Gouverneur
Francisco Antonio Pezo Torres
Démographie
Population de l'État / Province [4]
506,681 1.6 % de la population nationale
Population urbaine ou rurale [5]
Urbain 73.60 %
 
Rural 26.40 %
 
Groupes ethniques
Asheninka 17,793.00
 
Shipibo-Conibo 14,633.00
 
Cashinahua 2,419.00
 
Piro 1,863.00
 
Cashibo-Cacataibo 1,380.00
 
Yaminahua 600.00
 
Sharanahua-Marinahua 486.00
 
Culina 417.00
 
Cocama-Cocamilla 378.00
 
Amahuaca 261.00
 
Marinahua 79.00
 
Matsiguenga 60.00
 
Aguaruna (Aguajun) 38.00
 
Économie
État / Province PIB [6]
PEN 4,164,000
Revenu annuel par habitant [7]
PEN 8,308
Indice de développement humain [8]
0.432
Répartition du PIB
Other sectors 36.50 %
 
Other service sectors 22.15 %
 
Commerce 17.56 %
 
Manufacturing 15.11 %
 
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry 8.69 %
 
Building 8.33 %
 
Principales exportations [9]
Cacao and timber
État de la forêt (1)
Types de végétation majeurs [10]
Others 53,823 km²
 
Medium terrace 13,682 km²
 
High terrace 10,862 km²
 
Mountain forests 7,047 km²
 
Low terrace 5,271 km²
 
Riverside complex 3,303 km²
 
Middle Hill 1,570 km²
 
Aguajal / Palmeral 255 km²
 
La gestion des forêts
National Protected Areas 323 km²
 
Native titled communities 219 km²
 
Indigenous Reserves 158 km²
 
Timber forest concessions 118 km²
 
Regional Conservation Areas 14 km²
 
Concessions for conservation 8 km²
 
Ecotourism concessions 1 km²
 
Concessions for Forestation and Reforestation 0 km²
 
Taux de déforestation [11]
Les moteurs de la déforestation

Ucayali does not have an official study identifying drivers of deforestation in the region. The National Strategy for Forests and Climate Change states that one of the main causes of deforestation in the whole of Amazonia is the cultivation of commercial coffee, cocoa, palm and livestock crops. Ucayali is one of the most productive regions in the Peruvian Amazon for these products.

Notes
(1) En raison des différentes approches méthodologiques et des années de référence, les champs de données sur l'état des forêts peuvent différer légèrement. Les sources de données pour chaque champ sont énumérées ci-dessous.
References
[1]
Según Informe “Situacion de limites político-administrativo del Departamento de Ucayali al año 2017, elaborado por la Direccion de Gestion del Territorio de la ARAU – GOREU
[2]
Geobosques, Forest Cover 2001
[3]
Geobosques 2016
[4]
[5]
(Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INEI, 2014) proyectos.inei.gob.pe/web/biblioineipub/bancopub/Est/Lib0844/index.htm
[6]
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática
[7]
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática
[8]
(Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo - PNUD, 2013) www.pe.undp.org/content/peru/es/home/library/poverty/Informesobredesarrollohumano2013/IDHPeru2013/
[9]
[10]
UN Environment, CDB Convention of Biological Diversity "https://www.cbd.int/doc/nbsap/sbsap/pe-sbsap-ucayali-es.pdf"
[11]