Luas Tanah [1]
36,850 km² 42.9 % Hutan
Tren Deforestasi
20.6 % 2016
Kawasan Hutan Asli [2]
18,540 km²
Kawasan Hutan Saat Ini [3]
15,818 km² 0.111 % dari Total Global
Total Area yang terdebris
2,722 km²
Total Karbon Hutan
108 M MtC 0.068 % dari Total Global
Deskripsi

Huánuco terletak di bagian tengah negara ini, berisi tiga pegunungan di utara Andes Peru dan meluas ke Sungai Ucayali. Kawasan ini merupakan rumah bagi hamparan hutan yang luas di Lembah Amazon. Batas-batasnya adalah:

- ke Utara: dengan departemen La Libertad, San Martín, Loreto dan Ucayali.

- ke Selatan: dengan departemen Pasco.

- ke Timur: dengan departemen Ucayali.

ke Barat: dengan departemen Ancash dan Lima

Wilayah ini terbagi menjadi 11 provinsi dan 77 kabupaten.

Permukaan teritorial wilayah 36.848,85 Km², mewakili 2,87% wilayah nasional, di mana tujuh dari delapan Kawasan Alam dapat ditemukan (kecuali wilayah Chala). Jika kita mengacu pada tiga wilayah alami: tercakup dalam 64,06% pegunungan, 23,84% bukit, 2,77% piedmont dan 8,33% dataran. Wilayah departemen telah dibedah secara luas (tenggelam, diperdalam) oleh proses orogenik yang terkait erat dengan pemberontakan Andes, jadi Huánuco mengandung di pedalamannya tiga pegunungan di utara Andes di Peru; bagian barat, tengah dan oriental. Rantai ini berasal dari pemberontakan Andes karena ukiran yang dalam jutaan tahun telah membuat sungai Marañón, Huallaga dan Pachitea, sungai-sungai yang berjalan hampir sejajar dari selatan ke utara dan yang membantu membentuk wilayah Huanuco, menghasilkan tiga besar majelis spasial: lembah Marañón, cekungan Huallaga dan lembah Pachitea.

Informasi tambahan dapat ditemukan di Platform Dampak GCF.

Kontak
Wakil
Luis Augusto Briceño Jara
Regional General Manager
Wakil
Isidro Teodolfo Enciso Gutiérrez
Regional Manager of Natural Resources & Environmental Management
Gubernur
Juan Manuel Alvarado Cornelio
Demografi
Penduduk Negara Bagian / Propinsi [4]
872,523 2.8 % Penduduk Nasional
Penduduk Urban vs. Pedesaan [5]
Pedesaan 0.61 %
 
Urban 0.39 %
 
Kelompok etnis
Amuesha (Yanesha) 980.00
 
Asheninka 712.00
 
Cashibo-Cacataibo 499.00
 
Shipibo-Conibo 403.00
 
Ekonomi
PDB Negara Bagian / Provinsi [6]
PEN 5,319,000
Pendapatan Per Kapita Tahunan [7]
PEN 6,139
Indeks Pembangunan Manusia [8]
0.375
PDB
Other sectors 40.92 %
 
Other service sectors 19.49 %
 
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry 16.52 %
 
Commerce 12.22 %
 
Building 10.85 %
 
Ekspor utama [9]
Cocoa (grain, powder, butter, liquor and cover), fresh flowers
Status Hutan (1)
Jenis Vegetasi Utama
Others 37,070 km²
 
Non-forested areas 8,858 km²
 
Hill forests 2,799 km²
 
Andean agriculture 2,055 km²
 
Terraced forests 1,404 km²
 
Mountain forests 1,264 km²
 
Flooded forest 17 km²
 
Pengelolaan hutan [10]
National Protected Areas 16 km²
 
Timber forest concessions 12 km²
 
Native titled communities 9 km²
 
Private Conservation Areas - ACP 1 km²
 
Tingkat Deforestasi [11]
Pengemudi Deforestasi

Causes of deforestation in Huánuco include include agricultural activities, forest fires and diseases, and the uncontrolled felling of trees. A substantial driver in some areas is illegal mining, which is particularly prevalent in the province of Puerto Inca, where it is responsible 16% of the loss in vegetation cover.

At present, the deforestation of tropical forests is a real threat. In Huánuco the rates of deforestation in have been much more intense in dry and semi-arid areas, especially in the mountains. This is likely due to the fact that drier areas and higher altitudes in Huanuco are more suitable for livestock production. The soils of these regions, in general, are richer and easier to cultivate than the old soils of the tropical plains, which are largely depleted of nutrients and have restrictions in place to prevent agricultural expansion.

One of these consequences of deforestation in Huánuco is the release of forest carbon into the atmosphere. Deforestation also leads to a loss in water retention, and increases the impact of droughts in the region.

Notes
(1) Karena pendekatan metodologis dan tahun dasar yang berbeda, bidang data Status Hutan mungkin sedikit berbeda. Sumber data untuk setiap bidang tercantum di bawah ini.
References
[1]
[2]
Geobosques Platform based on the year 2001.
[3]
Geobosques 2016
[4]
Data obtained from the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics
[5]
[6]
National Institute of Statistics and Informatics. Values at Constant Prices of 2007
[7]
Jurisdictional profiles of the member regions of the Group of Governors for Climate and Forests in Peru. Alternate Development Mechanisms, Lima: 2018
[8]
[9]
[10]
Jurisdictional profiles of the member regions of the Group of Governors for Climate and Forests in Peru. Alternate Development Mechanisms, Lima: 2018
[11]