Luas Tanah [1]
368,799 km² 95.2 % Hutan
Tren Deforestasi
17.4 % 2016
Kawasan Hutan Asli [2]
354,362 km²
Kawasan Hutan Saat Ini [3]
350,932 km² 2.456 % dari Total Global
Total Area yang terdebris
3,430 km²
Total Karbon Hutan
3,585 M MtC 2.255 % dari Total Global
Deskripsi

Loreto adalah daerah terbesar - dan wilayah dengan tutupan hutan terbesar - di Peru. Saat ini memiliki lebih dari 13 juta hektar hutan dalam bentuk konservasi (selain dari administrasi nasional), konsesi untuk tujuan non-kayu dan konservasi daerah hulu DAS.

Salah satu kebijakan kehutanan yang paling penting adalah Program Regional untuk Konservasi, Pengelolaan dan Penggunaan Berkelanjutan Keanekaragaman Hayati Loreto (PROCREL), yang melestarikan hutan, bersama dengan pemerintah daerah dan masyarakat dan LSM. PROCREL bekerja untuk memperkuat pengelolaan hutan dan menghasilkan pendapatan ekonomi bagi masyarakat melalui pengembangan alternatif produktif yang berkelanjutan di Kawasan Konservasi Regional (Regional Conservation Areas / ACR). Saat ini Loreto memiliki 5 ACR yang terhubung di antara mereka, membuat total lebih dari 2 juta hektar di mana lebih dari 98 penduduk asli tinggal.

Ke depan, tantangannya adalah merumuskan dan menerapkan strategi pengembangan emisi rendah holistik yang menyeimbangkan kebutuhan sosial ekonomi dan konservasi hutan dengan menggunakan pendekatan lansekap.

Informasi tambahan dapat ditemukan di Platform Dampak GCF.

Kontak
Wakil
Kenjy Bruno Teran Piña
Manger of Regional Planning, Budget & Territorial Planning
Wakil
Dr. Jorge Luis Monasi Franco
Head of the Executive Office of International Cooperation
Gubernur
Elisban Ochoa Sosa
Demografi
Penduduk Negara Bagian / Propinsi [4]
1,039,372 3.4 % Penduduk Nasional
Penduduk Urban vs. Pedesaan [5]
Urban 66.00 %
 
Pedesaan 34.00 %
 
Kelompok etnis
Other 54,426
 
Kukama - kukamiria 50,000
 
Quechua 38,500
 
Chayahuita 20,000
 
Achuar 10,500
 
Awajun 8,000
 
Ekonomi
PDB Negara Bagian / Provinsi [6]
PEN 8,440,000
Pendapatan Per Kapita Tahunan
PEN 7,144
Indeks Pembangunan Manusia [7]
0.398
PDB
Other sectors 35.30 %
 
Public Administration and Defense 25.80 %
 
Commerce 19.50 %
 
Agriculture, Livestock, Hunting and Forestry 10.20 %
 
Oil and Mining 9.20 %
 
Ekspor utama [8]
Wood and papers, metalworking, iron and steel, fishing, agrochemicals
Status Hutan (1)
Jenis Vegetasi Utama [9]
Humid low hills Forests 202,113 km²
 
Swamps 51,025 km²
 
Aguajales 29,299 km²
 
Humid Forest of Low Terraces 21,988 km²
 
Moist Forest of Mendric Plains 17,561 km²
 
Others 13,234 km²
 
Humid Mountain Forest 10,908 km²
 
Wet Forest of Terraces Stockings 9,439 km²
 
Humid High Hills Forests 8,193 km²
 
Humid Forest of High Terraces 5,003 km²
 
Pengelolaan hutan
National Protected Areas 68,343 km²
 
Native titled communities 64,846 km²
 
Regional Conservation Areas 21,999 km²
 
Timber forest concessions 21,910 km²
 
Concessions for conservation 2,697 km²
 
Ecotourism concessions 329 km²
 
Other forest concessions 76 km²
 
Private Conservation Areas - ACP 10 km²
 
Tingkat Deforestasi [10]
Pengemudi Deforestasi

There are no in-depth studies on the causes of deforestation in Loreto. The Strategic Environmental Study of the regional development plan notes that "deforestation originates due to various causes such as the exploitation of wood, the construction of roads and the conversion of forest areas to areas of agricultural activity " (DAR, 2015). The Loreto Sostenible 2021 study (Dourojeanni, 2013), also notes that "the highest rates of deforestation are concentrated in the two areas served by roads and around Iquitos." The first area is the one that corresponds to "area of high hills, which is crossed by the road that arrives to Yurimaguas from Tarapoto, the large plantations of oil palm established with use of machinery". The second area is the one influenced by "the construction of the Iquitos-Nauta highway, in terrains with sandy-quartz soils, which has led to the extension of the agricultural occupation of this area up to 20 km on each side (Dourojeanni, 2013). The report also explains that "important extensions have also been deforested in recent years for agricultural purposes in the provinces of Alto Amazonas, Ramón Castilla and Maynas." It is important to note also that Dourojeannu (2013) states that the main problem is not deforestation in Loreto, but rather degradation due to selective logging. Currently the extent of degradation in Loreto is difficult to measure.

Notes
(1) Karena pendekatan metodologis dan tahun dasar yang berbeda, bidang data Status Hutan mungkin sedikit berbeda. Sumber data untuk setiap bidang tercantum di bawah ini.
References
[1]
[2]
[3]
Geobosques 2016
[4]
[5]
[6]
[7]
[8]
[9]
Secretaría del Convenio sobre la Diversidad Biológica (https://www.cbd.int/doc/nbsap/sbsap/pe-sbsap-loreto-es.pdf)
[10]
Peru FREL